Difference: SpreadSheetPlugin (1 vs. 15)

Revision 152007-01-24 - PeterThoeny?

 

TWiki Spreadsheet Plugin

This Plugin adds spreadsheet capabilities to KoreaCmsWiki? topics. Formulae like %CALC{"$INT(7/3)"}% are evaluated at page view time. They can be placed in table cells and outside of tables. In other words, this Plugin provides general formula evaluation capability, not just classic spreadsheet functions.

Example:

Region: Sales:
Northeast 320
Northwest 580
South 240
Europe 610
Asia 220
Total: 1970

      Interactive example:

Formula: %CALC{""}%  
Result:     TWiki Guest

The formula next to "Total" is %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%.
(you see the formula instead of the sum in case the Plugin is not installed or not enabled.)

Syntax Rules

The action of this Plugin is triggered by the %CALC{"..."}% variable, which gets rendered according to the built-in function(s) found between the quotes.

  • Built-in function are of format $FUNCNAME(parameter)
  • Functions may be nested, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN(0)..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN(0) )"}%
  • Functions are evaluated from left to right, and from inside to outside if nested
  • The function parameter can be text; a mathematical formula; a cell address; or a range of cell addresses
  • Multiple parameters form a list; they are separated by a comma, followed by optional space, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, 7 )"}%
  • A table cell can be addressed as R1:C1. Table address matrix:
    R1:C1 R1:C2 R1:C3 R1:C4
    R2:C1 R2:C2 R2:C3 R2:C4
  • A table cell range is defined by two cell addresses separated by "..", e.g. "row 1 through 20, column 3" is: R1:C3..R20:C3
  • Lists can refer to values and/or table cell ranges, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, $T(R1:C7), R1:C11..R1:C15 )"}%
  • Formulae can only reference cells in the current or preceeding row of the current table; they may not reference cells below the current table row
  • Formulae can also be placed outside of tables; they can reference cells in the preceeding table

Built-in Functions

Conventions for Syntax:

  • Required parameters are indicated in ( bold )
  • Optional parameters are indicated in ( bold italic )

ABOVE( ) -- address range of cells above the current cell

  • Syntax: $ABOVE( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}% returns the sum of cells above the current cell
  • Related: $LEFT(), $RIGHT()

ABS( num ) -- absolute value of a number

AND( list ) -- logical AND of a list

  • Syntax: $AND( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AND(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $NOT(), $IF(), $OR()

AVERAGE( list ) -- average of a list or a range of cells

  • Syntax: $AVERAGE( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AVERAGE(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% returns the average of column 5, excluding the title row
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

CHAR( number ) -- ASCII character represented by number

  • Syntax: $CHAR( number )
  • Example: Example: %CALC{"$CHAR(97)"}% returns a
  • Related: $CODE()

CODE( text ) -- ASCII numeric value of character

  • The ASCII numeric value of the first character in text
  • Syntax: $CODE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$CODE(abc)"}% returns 97
  • Related: $CHAR()

COLUMN( offset ) -- current column number

  • The current table column number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $COLUMN( offset )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COLUMN()"}% returns 2 for the second column
  • Related: $ROW(), $T()

COUNTITEMS( list ) -- count individual items in a list

  • Syntax: $COUNTITEMS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS($ABOVE())"}% returns Closed: 1, Open: 2 assuming one cell above the current cell contains Closed and two cells contain Open
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LIST()

COUNTSTR( list, str ) -- count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string

  • Count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string (if str is specified), or counts the number of non empty cells in a list
  • Syntax: $COUNTSTR( list, str )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE())"}% counts the number of non empty cells above the current cell
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE(), DONE)"}% counts the number of cells equal to DONE
  • Related: $COUNTITEMS(), $LIST()

DEF( list ) -- find first non-empty list item or cell

  • Returns the first list item or cell reference that is not empty
  • Syntax: $DEF( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$DEF(R1:C1..R1:C3)"}%
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LISTIF(), $LIST()

EVAL( formula ) -- evaluate a simple mathematical formula

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $EVAL( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EVAL( (5 * 3) / 2 + 1.1 )"}% returns 8.6
  • Related: $EXEC(), $INT(), $MOD(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

EVEN( num ) -- test for even number

EXACT( text1, text2 ) -- compare two text strings

  • Compares two text strings and returns 1 if they are exactly the same, or 0 if not
  • Syntax: $EXACT( text1, text2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, Foo)"}% returns 0
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, $LOWER(Foo))"}% returns 1
  • Related: $IF(), $TRIM()

EXEC( formula ) -- execute a spreadsheet formula

  • Execute a spreadsheet formula, typically retrieved from a variable. This can be used to store a formula in a variable once and execute it many times using different parameters.
  • Syntax: $EXEC( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(msg, $NOEXEC(Hi $GET(name)))"}% sets the msg variable with raw formula Hi $GET(name)
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(name, Tom) $EXEC($GET(msg))"}% executes content of msg variable and returns Hi Tom
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(name, Jerry) $EXEC($GET(msg))"}% returns Hi Jerry
  • Related: $EVAL(), $GET(), $NOEXEC(), $SET()

EXISTS( topic ) -- check if topic exists

  • Topic can be TopicName or a Web.TopicName
  • Syntax: $EXISTS( topic )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXISTS(WebHome)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXISTS(ThisDoesNotExist)"}% returns 0

FIND( string, text, start ) -- find one string within another string

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is case sensitive and is not a regular expression search; use $SEARCH() for regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched.
  • Syntax: $FIND( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy, 2)"}% returns 4
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(@, fluffy, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SEARCH()

FORMAT( type, prec, number ) -- format a number to a certain type and precision

  • Type can be COMMA for comma format, DOLLAR for Dollar format, KB for Kilo Byte format, MB for Mega Byte format, KBMB for Kilo/Mega/Giga/Tera Byte auto-adjust format, NUMBER for number, and PERCENT for percent format
  • Syntax: $FORMAT( type, prec, number )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(COMMA, 2, 12345.6789)"}% returns 12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(DOLLAR, 2, 12345.67)"}% returns $12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1205.63 KB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(MB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1.18 MB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KBMB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1.18 MB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KBMB, 2, 1234567890)"}% returns 1.15 GB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(NUMBER, 1, 12345.67)"}% returns 12345.7
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(PERCENT, 1, 0.1234567)"}% returns 12.3%
  • Related: $ROUND()

FORMATTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a date string

  • The following variables in text are expanded: $second (seconds, 00..59); $minute (minutes, 00..59); $hour (hours, 00..23); $day (day of month, 01..31); $month (month, 01..12); $mon (month in text format, Jan..Dec); $year (4 digit year, 1999); $ye (2 digit year, 99), $wd (day number of the week, 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, etc), $wday (day of the week, Sun..Sat), $weekday (day of the week, Sunday..Saturday), $yearday (day of the year, 1..365, or 1..366 in leap years). Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone.
  • Syntax: $FORMATTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATTIME(0, $year/$month/$day GMT)"}% returns 1970/01/01 GMT
  • Related: $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

FORMATGMTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a GMT date string

  • The date string represents the time in Greenwich time zone. Same variable expansion as in $FORMATTIME().
  • Syntax: $FORMATGMTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATGMTIME(1041379200, $day $mon $year)"}% returns 01 Jan 2003
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

GET( name ) -- get the value of a previously set variable

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores). An empty string is returned if the variable does not exist. Use $SET() to set a variable first. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables.
  • Syntax: $GET( name )
  • Example: %CALC{"$GET(my_total)"}% returns the value of the my_total variable
  • Related: $EXEC(), $NOEXEC(), $SET(), $SETIFEMPTY(), $SETM()

IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 ) -- return a value based on a condition

  • The condition can be a number (where 0 means condition not met), or two numbers with a comparison operator < (less than), <= (less than or equal), == (equal), != (not equal), >= (greater than or equal), > (greater than).
  • Syntax: $IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($T(R1:C5) > 1000, Over Budget, OK)"}% returns Over Budget if value in R1:C5 is over 1000, OK if not
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($EXACT($T(R1:C2),), empty, $T(R1:C2))"}% returns the content of R1:C2 or empty if empty
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(val, $IF($T(R1:C2) == 0, zero, $T(R1:C2)))"}% sets a variable conditionally
  • Related: $AND(), $EXACT(), $LISTIF(), $NOT(), $OR()

INT( formula ) -- evaluate formula and round down to nearest integer

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $INT( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$INT(10 / 4)"}% returns 2
  • Related: $EVAL(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

LEFT( ) -- address range of cells to the left of the current cell

  • Syntax: $LEFT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($LEFT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the left of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $RIGHT()

LENGTH( text ) -- length of text in bytes

  • Syntax: $LENGTH( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LENGTH(abcd)"}% returns 4
  • Related: $LISTSIZE()

LIST( range ) -- convert content of a cell range into a list

LISTIF( condition, list ) -- remove elements from a list that do not meet a condition

  • In addition to the condition described in $IF(), you can use $item to indicate the current element, and $index for the list index, starting at 1
  • Syntax: $LISTIF( condition, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($item > 12, 14, 7, 25)"}% returns 14, 25
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($NOT($EXACT($item,)), A, B, , E)"}% returns non-empty elements A, B, E
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($index > 2, A, B, C, D)"}% returns C, D
  • Related: $IF(), $LIST(), $LISTITEM(), $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SUM()

LISTITEM( index, list ) -- get one element of a list

LISTJOIN( separator, list ) -- convert a list into a string

  • By default, list items are separated by a comma and a space. Use this function to indicate a specific separator string, which may include $comma for comma, $n for newline, and $sp for space.
  • Syntax: $LISTJOIN( separator, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTJOIN($n, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns the four items separated by new lines
  • Related: $LIST(), $LISTSIZE()

LISTMAP( formula, list ) -- evaluate and update each element of a list

Changed:
<
<
  • In the formula you can use $item to indicate the element; $index to show the index of the list, starting at 1
>
>
  • In the formula you can use $item to indicate the element; $index to show the index of the list, starting at 1. If $item is omitted, the item is appended to the formula.
 

LISTRAND( list ) -- get one random element of a list

  • Syntax: $LISTRAND( list )
Changed:
<
<
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTRRAND(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns one of the four elements
>
>
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTRAND(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns one of the four elements
 

LISTREVERSE( list ) -- opposite order of a list

LISTSIZE( list ) -- number of elements in a list

LISTSHUFFLE( list ) -- shuffle element of a list in random order

LISTSORT( list ) -- sort a list

LISTTRUNCATE( size, list ) -- truncate list to size

LISTUNIQUE( list ) -- remove all duplicates from a list

LOWER( text ) -- lower case string of a text

MAX( list ) - biggest value of a list or range of cells

MEDIAN( list ) -- median of a list or range of cells

MIN( list ) -- smallest value of a list or range of cells

MOD( num, divisor ) -- reminder after dividing num by divisor

  • Syntax: $MOD( num, divisor )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MOD(7, 3)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $EVAL()

NOEXEC( formula ) -- do not execute a spreadsheet formula

  • Prevent a formula from getting executed. This is typically used to store a raw formula in a variable for later use as described in $EXEC().
  • Syntax: $NOEXEC( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(msg, $NOEXEC(Hi $GET(name)))"}% sets the msg variable with the formula Hi $GET(name) without executing it
  • Related: $EVAL(), $EXEC(), $GET(), $SET()

NOP( text ) -- no-operation

  • Useful to change the order of Plugin execution. For example, it allows preprossing to be done before %SEARCH{}% is evaluated. The percent character '%' can be escaped with $per
  • Syntax: $NOP( text )

NOT( num ) -- reverse logic of a number

  • Returns 0 if num is not zero, 1 if zero
  • Syntax: $NOT( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$NOT(0)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $OR()

ODD( num ) -- test for odd number

OR( list ) -- logical OR of a list

  • Syntax: $OR( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$OR(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $NOT()

PERCENTILE( num, list ) -- percentile of a list or range of cells

  • Calculates the num-th percentile, useful to establish a threshold of acceptance. num is the percentile value, range 0..100
  • Syntax: $PERCENTILE( num, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$PERCENTILE(75, 400, 200, 500, 100, 300)"}% returns 450
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

PRODUCT( list ) -- product of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $PRODUCT( list )
  • Example: To calculate the product of the cells to the left of the current one use %CALC{"$PRODUCT($LEFT())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM(), $SUMPRODUCT()

PROPER( text ) -- properly capitalize text

  • Capitalize letters that follow any character other than a letter; convert all other letters to lowercase letters
  • Syntax: $PROPER( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(a small STEP)"}% returns A Small Step
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(f1 (formula-1))"}% returns F1 (Formula-1)
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

PROPERSPACE( text ) -- properly space out WikiWords

  • Properly spaces out WikiWords preceeded by white space, parenthesis, or ][. Words listed in the DONTSPACE TWikiPreferences variable or DONTSPACE Plugins setting are excluded
  • Syntax: $PROPERSPACE( text )
  • Example: Assuming DONTSPACE contains MacDonald: %CALC{"$PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh)"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPER(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

RAND( max ) -- random number

REPEAT( text, num ) -- repeat text a number of times

  • Syntax: $REPEAT( text, num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPEAT(/\, 5)"}% returns /\/\/\/\/\

REPLACE( text, start, num, new ) -- replace part of a text string

  • Replace num number of characters of text string text, starting at start, with new text new. Starting position is 1; use a negative start to count from the end of the text
  • Syntax: $REPLACE( text, start, num, new )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPLACE(abcdefghijk,6,5,*)"}% returns abcde*k
  • Related: $FIND(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), $TRANSLATE()

RIGHT( ) -- address range of cells to the right of the current cell

  • Syntax: $RIGHT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($RIGHT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the right of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $LEFT()

ROUND( formula, digits ) -- round a number

  • Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result up or down to the number of digits if digits is positive; to the nearest integer if digits is missing; or to the left of the decimal point if digits is negative
  • Syntax: $ROUND( formula, digits )
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.15, 1)"}% returns 3.2
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.149, 1)"}% returns 3.1
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(-2.475, 2)"}% returns -2.48
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(34.9, -1)"}% returns 30
  • Related: $INT(), $FORMAT()

ROW( offset ) -- current row number

  • The current table row number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $ROW( offset )
  • Example: To get the number of rows excluding table heading (first row) and summary row (last row you are in), write: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}%
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $T()

SEARCH( string, text, start ) -- search a string within a text

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is a RegularExpression search; use $FIND() for non-regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched
  • Syntax: $SEARCH( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy)"}% returns 3
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy, 3)"}% returns 6
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([abc], fluffy,)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $FIND(), $REPLACE()

SET( name, value ) -- set a variable for later use

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulae are evaluated before the variable assignment; see $NOEXEC() if you want to prevent that. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables and also across included topics
  • Syntax: $SET( name, value )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(my_total, $SUM($ABOVE()))"}% sets the my_total variable to the sum of all table cells located above the current cell and returns an empty string
  • Related: $EXEC(), $GET(), $NOEXEC(), $SETIFEMPTY(), SETM()

SETIFEMPTY( name, value ) -- set a variable only if empty

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value.
  • Syntax: $SETIFEMPTY( name, value )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SETIFEMPTY(result, default)"}% sets the result variable to default if the variable is empty or 0; in any case an empty string is returned
  • Related: $GET(), $SET()

SETM( name, formula ) -- update an existing variable based on a formula

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the formula. The formula must start with an operator to + (add), - (subtract), * (multiply), or / (divide) something to the variable. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables
  • Syntax: $SETM( name, formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SETM(total, + $SUM($LEFT()))"}% adds the sum of all table cells on the left to the total variable, and returns an empty string
  • Related: $GET(), $SET(), $SETIFEMPTY()

SIGN( num ) -- sign of a number

SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option ) -- substitute text

  • Substitutes new text for old text in a text string. instance specifies which occurance of old you want to replace. If you specify instance, only that instance is replaced. Otherwise, every occurance is changed to the new text. A literal search is performed by default; a RegularExpression search if the option is set to r
  • Syntax: $SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Good morning, morning, day)"}% returns Good day
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3)"}% returns Q3-3003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3,3)"}% returns Q2-2003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(abc123def,[0-9],9,,r)"}% returns abc999def
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $TRANSLATE()

SUM( list ) -- sum of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $SUM( list )
  • Example: To sum up column 5 excluding the title row, write %CALC{"$SUM(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% in the last row; or simply %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUMPRODUCT(), $WORKINGDAYS()

SUMDAYS( list ) -- sum the days in a list or range of cells

  • The total number of days in a list or range of cells containing numbers of hours, days or weeks. The default unit is days; units are indicated by a h, hours, d, days, w, weeks suffix. One week is assumed to have 5 working days, one day 8 hours
  • Syntax: $SUMDAYS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMDAYS(2w, 1, 2d, 4h)"}% returns 13.5, the evaluation of (2*5 + 1 + 2 + 4/8)
  • Related: $SUM(), $TIME(), $FORMATTIME()

SUMPRODUCT( list, list ) -- scalar product on ranges of cells

  • Syntax: $SUMPRODUCT( list, list, list... )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMPRODUCT(R2:C1..R4:C1, R2:C5..R4:C5)"}% evaluates and returns the result of ($T(R2:C1) * $T(R2:C5) + $T(R3:C1) * $T(R3:C5) + $T(R4:C1) * $T(R4:C5))
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM()

T( address ) -- content of a cell

  • Syntax: $T( address )
  • Example: %CALC{"$T(R1:C5)"}% returns the text in cell R1:C5
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $ROW()

TRANSLATE( text, from, to ) -- translate text from one set of characters to another

  • The translation is done from a set to a set, one character by one. The text may contain commas; all three parameters are required. In the from and to parameters you can write $comma to escape comma, $sp to escape space
  • Syntax: $TRANSLATE( text, from, to )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(boom,bm,cl)"}% returns cool
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(one, two,$comma,;)"}% returns one; two
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SUBSTITUTE()

TIME( text ) -- convert a date string into a serialized date number

  • Serialized date is seconds since the Epoch, e.g. midnight, 01 Jan 1970. Current time is taken if the date string is empty. Supported date formats: 31 Dec 2009; 31 Dec 2009 GMT; 31 Dec 09; 31-Dec-2009; 31/Dec/2009; 2009/12/31; 2009-12-31; 2009/12/31; 2009/12/31 23:59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59; 2009-12-31-23-59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59:59; 2009.12.31.23.59.59. Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone
  • Syntax: $TIME( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIME(2003/10/14 GMT)"}% returns 1066089600
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY(), $WORKINGDAYS()

TIMEADD( serial, value, unit ) -- add a value to a serialized date

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year. Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations
  • Syntax: $TIMEADD( serial, value, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEADD($TIME(), 2, week)"}% returns the serialized date two weeks from now
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit ) -- time difference between two serialized dates

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be specified as in $TIMEADD(). Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. Use $FORMAT() or $INT() to format real numbers
  • Syntax: $TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEDIFF($TIME(), $EVAL($TIME()+90), minute)"}% returns 1.5
  • Related: $FORMAT(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $INT(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TODAY(), $WORKINGDAYS()

TODAY( ) -- serialized date of today at midnight GMT

  • In contrast, the related $TIME() returns the serialized date of today at the current time, e.g. it includes the number of seconds since midnight GMT
  • Syntax: $TODAY( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TODAY()"}% returns the number of seconds since Epoch
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF()

TRIM( text ) -- trim spaces from text

  • Removes all spaces from text except for single spaces between words
  • Syntax: $TRIM( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRIM( eat  spaces  )"}% returns eat spaces
  • Related: $EXACT(), $PROPERSPACE()

UPPER( text ) -- upper case string of a text

VALUE( text ) -- convert text to number

  • Extracts a number from text. Returns 0 if not found
  • Syntax: $VALUE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(US$1,200)"}% returns 1200
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(PrjNotebook1234)"}% returns 1234
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(Total: -12.5)"}% returns -12.5
  • Related: $EVAL(), $INT()

WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 ) -- working days between two serialized dates

  • Working days are Monday through Friday (sorry, Israel!)
  • Syntax: $WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$WORKINGDAYS($TIME(2004/07/15), $TIME(2004/08/03))"}% returns 13
  • Related: $SUMDAYS(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF()

FAQ

Can I use CALC in a formatted search?

Specifically, how can I output some conditional text in a FormattedSearch?

You need to escape the CALC so that it executes once per search hit. This can be done by escaping the % signs of %CALC{...}% with $percnt. For example, to execute $IF($EXACT($formfield(Tested), Yes), %PUBURL%/%TWIKIWEB%/TWikiDocGraphics/choice-yes.gif, %PUBURL%/%TWIKIWEB%/TWikiDocGraphics/choice-no.gif) in the format="" parameter, write this:

%SEARCH{ .... format="| $topic | $percntCALC{$IF($EXACT($formfield(Tested), Yes), %PUBURL%/%TWIKIWEB%/TWikiDocGraphics/choice-yes.gif, %PUBURL%/%TWIKIWEB%/TWikiDocGraphics/choice-no.gif)}$percnt |" }%

How can I easily repeat a formula in a table?

To repeat the same formula in all cells of a table row define the formula once in a preferences setting and use that in the CALC. The preferences setting can be hidden in HTML comments. Example:

<!--
   * Set MYFORMULA = $EVAL($SUBSTITUTE(...etc...))
-->
| A | 1 | %CALC{%MYFORMULA%}% |
| B | 2 | %CALC{%MYFORMULA%}% |
| C | 3 | %CALC{%MYFORMULA%}% |

Bug Tracking Example

Bug#: Priority: Subject: Status: Days to fix
Bug:1231 Low File Open ... Open 3
Bug:1232 High Memory Window ... Fixed 2
Bug:1233 Medium Usability issue ... Assigned 5
Bug:1234 High No arrange ... Fixed 1
Total: 4 High: 2
Low: 1
Medium: 1
. Assigned: 1
Fixed: 2
Open: 1
Total: 11

The last row is defined as:

| Total: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}% \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% | . \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% \ 
  |  Total: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% |

Above table is created manually. Another Plugin could build the table dynamically, e.g. by pulling data out of a bug tracking system. The Spreadsheet Plugin can be used to display table data statistics.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, i.e. %SPREADSHEETPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%

  • One line description, is shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Add spreadsheet calculation like "$SUM( $ABOVE() )" to TWiki tables and other topic text

  • Debug plugin: (See output in data/debug.txt)
    • Set DEBUG = 0

  • Do not handle %CALC{}% variable in included topic while including topic: (default: 1)
    • Set SKIPINCLUDE = 1

  • WikiWords to exclude from being spaced out by the $PROPERSPACE(text) function. This comma delimited list can be overloaded by a DONTSPACE preferences variable:
    • Set DONTSPACE = CodeWarrior, MacDonald, McIntosh, RedHat, SuSE

Plugin Installation Instructions

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. Below installation instructions are for the administrator who needs to install this plugin on the TWiki server.

  • Download the ZIP file from the SpreadSheetPlugin home
  • Unzip SpreadSheetPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt Plugin topic
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt,v Plugin topic repository
    lib/TWiki/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
  • TWiki 4 and up: Visit configure in your TWiki installation, and enable the Plugin in the {Plugins} section.
  • Test if the "Total" in the first table in this topic is correct.

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny
Changed:
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Copyright: © 2001-2006, Peter@Thoeny.org, StructuredWikis LLC
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Copyright: © 2001-2007, Peter@Thoeny.org, StructuredWikis LLC
 
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Changed:
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Plugin Version: 18 Dec 2006 (r12315)
>
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Plugin Version: 23 Jan 2007 (r12607)
 
Change History:
<-- specify latest version first -->
 
Added:
>
>
23 Jan 2007: Enhanced documentation
 
18 Dec 2006: Added $LISTRAND(), $LISTSHUFFLE(), $LISTTRUNCATE(); fixed spurious newline at end of topic, contributed by TWiki:Main/MichaelDaum
10 Oct 2006: Enhanced documentation
13 May 2006: Added $SETIFEMPTY(); fixes in documentation
17 Jun 2005: Added $NOEXEC(), $EXEC()
25 Mar 2005: Fixed evaluation bug when using SpeedyCGI accelerator; code refactor to load module only when needed, contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
24 Oct 2004: Added $EXISTS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/RodrigoChandia; added $PERCENTILE()
18 Oct 2004: Added $LISTJOIN()
26 Sep 2004: Added $FORMAT(KB), $FORMAT(MB), contributed by TWiki:Main/ArthurClemens; added $FORMAT(KBMB), $EVEN(), $ODD()
17 Jul 2004: Added $WORKINGDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
24 May 2004: Refactored documentation (no code changes)
03 Apr 2004: Added $ABS(), $LISTIF(); fixed $VALUE() to remove leading zeros; changed $FIND() and $SEARCH() to return 0 instead of empty string if no match
21 Mar 2004: Added $LISTITEM(); fixed call to unofficial function
16 Mar 2004: Added $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SETM(); retired $COUNTUNIQUE() in favor of $COUNTITEMS($LISTUNIQUE()); fixed evaluation order issue of $IF(); fixed missing eval error messages suppressed since version 06 Mar 2004; redirect stderr messages to warning
08 Mar 2004: Added $LIST()
06 Mar 2004: Added $AND(), $MOD(), $NOT(), $OR(), $PRODUCT(), $PROPER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $RAND(), $REPEAT(), $SIGN(), $VALUE(); added digits parameter to $ROUND(); renamed $MULT() to $PRODUCT(); $MULT() is deprecated and undocumented
27 Feb 2004: Added $COUNTUNIQUE()
24 Oct 2003: Added $SET(), $GET(), $MEDIAN(); added $SUMPRODUCT(), inspired by TWiki:Main/RobertWithrow; added $SUMDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/SvenDowideit
21 Oct 2003: Added support for lists (1, 2, 3) and lists of table ranges (R1:C1..R1:C5, R3:C1..R3:C5) for all functions that accept a table range; added $TIMEADD(); in $TIMEDIFF() added week unit; in $FORMATTIME() changed $weekday to $wd and added $wday and $weekday
14 Oct 2003: Added $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF()
13 Oct 2003: Added $MULT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/GerritJanBaarda
30 Jul 2003: Added $TRANSLATE()
19 Jul 2003: Added $FIND(), $NOP(), $REPLACE(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), contributed by TWiki:Main/PaulineCheung
19 Apr 2003: Added $COUNTSTR(), $EXACT(), $IF(), $ROUND(), $TRIM(); added $FORMAT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/JimStraus; support % modulus operator in $EVAL(), $INT(), and $ROUND(); fixed bug in $DEF()
07 Jun 2002: Added $DEF(), contributed by TWiki:Main/MartinFuzzey; allow values with HTML formatting like <u>102</u>, suggested by TWiki:Main/GladeDiviney; added SKIPINCLUDE setting
12 Mar 2002: Support for multiple functions per nesting level
15 Jan 2002: Added $CHAR(), $CODE() and $LENGTH()
12 Nov 2001: Added $RIGHT()
12 Aug 2001: Fixed bug of disappearing multi-column cells
19 Jul 2001: Fixed incorrect $SUM() calculation of cell with value 0
14 Jul 2001: Changed to plug & play
01 Jun 2001: Fixed insecure dependencies for $MIN() and $MAX()
16 Apr 2001: Fixed div by 0 bug in $AVERAGE()
17 Mar 2001: Initial version with $ABOVE(), $AVERAGE(), $COLUMN(), $COUNTITEMS(), $EVAL(), $INT(), $LEFT(), $LOWER(), $MAX(), $MIN(), $ROW(), $SUM(), $T(), $UPPER()
CPAN Dependencies: none
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 99%, FormattedSearch 99%, SpreadSheetPlugin 95%
Other Dependencies: none
Perl Version: 5.000 and up
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginDev
Appraisal: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginAppraisal

Related Topics: TWikiPreferences, TWikiPlugins

Changed:
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-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 18 Dec 2006
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-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 23 Jan 2007
 

Revision 142006-12-19 - PeterThoeny?

 

TWiki Spreadsheet Plugin

This Plugin adds spreadsheet capabilities to KoreaCmsWiki? topics. Formulae like %CALC{"$INT(7/3)"}% are evaluated at page view time. They can be placed in table cells and outside of tables. In other words, this Plugin provides general formula evaluation capability, not just classic spreadsheet functions.

Example:

Region: Sales:
Northeast 320
Northwest 580
South 240
Europe 610
Asia 220
Total: 1970

      Interactive example:

Formula: %CALC{""}%  
Result:     TWiki Guest

The formula next to "Total" is %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%.
(you see the formula instead of the sum in case the Plugin is not installed or not enabled.)

Syntax Rules

The action of this Plugin is triggered by the %CALC{"..."}% variable, which gets rendered according to the built-in function(s) found between the quotes.

  • Built-in function are of format $FUNCNAME(parameter)
  • Functions may be nested, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN(0)..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN(0) )"}%
  • Functions are evaluated from left to right, and from inside to outside if nested
  • The function parameter can be text; a mathematical formula; a cell address; or a range of cell addresses
  • Multiple parameters form a list; they are separated by a comma, followed by optional space, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, 7 )"}%
  • A table cell can be addressed as R1:C1. Table address matrix:
    R1:C1 R1:C2 R1:C3 R1:C4
    R2:C1 R2:C2 R2:C3 R2:C4
  • A table cell range is defined by two cell addresses separated by "..", e.g. "row 1 through 20, column 3" is: R1:C3..R20:C3
  • Lists can refer to values and/or table cell ranges, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, $T(R1:C7), R1:C11..R1:C15 )"}%
  • Formulae can only reference cells in the current or preceeding row of the current table; they may not reference cells below the current table row
  • Formulae can also be placed outside of tables; they can reference cells in the preceeding table

Built-in Functions

Conventions for Syntax:

  • Required parameters are indicated in ( bold )
  • Optional parameters are indicated in ( bold italic )

ABOVE( ) -- address range of cells above the current cell

  • Syntax: $ABOVE( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}% returns the sum of cells above the current cell
  • Related: $LEFT(), $RIGHT()

ABS( num ) -- absolute value of a number

AND( list ) -- logical AND of a list

  • Syntax: $AND( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AND(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $NOT(), $IF(), $OR()

AVERAGE( list ) -- average of a list or a range of cells

  • Syntax: $AVERAGE( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AVERAGE(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% returns the average of column 5, excluding the title row
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

CHAR( number ) -- ASCII character represented by number

  • Syntax: $CHAR( number )
  • Example: Example: %CALC{"$CHAR(97)"}% returns a
  • Related: $CODE()

CODE( text ) -- ASCII numeric value of character

  • The ASCII numeric value of the first character in text
  • Syntax: $CODE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$CODE(abc)"}% returns 97
  • Related: $CHAR()

COLUMN( offset ) -- current column number

  • The current table column number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $COLUMN( offset )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COLUMN()"}% returns 2 for the second column
  • Related: $ROW(), $T()

COUNTITEMS( list ) -- count individual items in a list

  • Syntax: $COUNTITEMS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS($ABOVE())"}% returns Closed: 1, Open: 2 assuming one cell above the current cell contains Closed and two cells contain Open
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LIST()

COUNTSTR( list, str ) -- count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string

  • Count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string (if str is specified), or counts the number of non empty cells in a list
  • Syntax: $COUNTSTR( list, str )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE())"}% counts the number of non empty cells above the current cell
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE(), DONE)"}% counts the number of cells equal to DONE
  • Related: $COUNTITEMS(), $LIST()

DEF( list ) -- find first non-empty list item or cell

  • Returns the first list item or cell reference that is not empty
  • Syntax: $DEF( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$DEF(R1:C1..R1:C3)"}%
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LISTIF(), $LIST()

EVAL( formula ) -- evaluate a simple mathematical formula

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $EVAL( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EVAL( (5 * 3) / 2 + 1.1 )"}% returns 8.6
  • Related: $EXEC(), $INT(), $MOD(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

EVEN( num ) -- test for even number

EXACT( text1, text2 ) -- compare two text strings

  • Compares two text strings and returns 1 if they are exactly the same, or 0 if not
  • Syntax: $EXACT( text1, text2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, Foo)"}% returns 0
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, $LOWER(Foo))"}% returns 1
  • Related: $IF(), $TRIM()

EXEC( formula ) -- execute a spreadsheet formula

  • Execute a spreadsheet formula, typically retrieved from a variable. This can be used to store a formula in a variable once and execute it many times using different parameters.
  • Syntax: $EXEC( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(msg, $NOEXEC(Hi $GET(name)))"}% sets the msg variable with raw formula Hi $GET(name)
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(name, Tom) $EXEC($GET(msg))"}% executes content of msg variable and returns Hi Tom
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(name, Jerry) $EXEC($GET(msg))"}% returns Hi Jerry
  • Related: $EVAL(), $GET(), $NOEXEC(), $SET()

EXISTS( topic ) -- check if topic exists

  • Topic can be TopicName or a Web.TopicName
  • Syntax: $EXISTS( topic )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXISTS(WebHome)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXISTS(ThisDoesNotExist)"}% returns 0

FIND( string, text, start ) -- find one string within another string

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is case sensitive and is not a regular expression search; use $SEARCH() for regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched.
  • Syntax: $FIND( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy, 2)"}% returns 4
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(@, fluffy, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SEARCH()

FORMAT( type, prec, number ) -- format a number to a certain type and precision

  • Type can be COMMA for comma format, DOLLAR for Dollar format, KB for Kilo Byte format, MB for Mega Byte format, KBMB for Kilo/Mega/Giga/Tera Byte auto-adjust format, NUMBER for number, and PERCENT for percent format
  • Syntax: $FORMAT( type, prec, number )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(COMMA, 2, 12345.6789)"}% returns 12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(DOLLAR, 2, 12345.67)"}% returns $12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1205.63 KB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(MB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1.18 MB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KBMB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1.18 MB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KBMB, 2, 1234567890)"}% returns 1.15 GB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(NUMBER, 1, 12345.67)"}% returns 12345.7
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(PERCENT, 1, 0.1234567)"}% returns 12.3%
  • Related: $ROUND()

FORMATTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a date string

  • The following variables in text are expanded: $second (seconds, 00..59); $minute (minutes, 00..59); $hour (hours, 00..23); $day (day of month, 01..31); $month (month, 01..12); $mon (month in text format, Jan..Dec); $year (4 digit year, 1999); $ye (2 digit year, 99), $wd (day number of the week, 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, etc), $wday (day of the week, Sun..Sat), $weekday (day of the week, Sunday..Saturday), $yearday (day of the year, 1..365, or 1..366 in leap years). Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone.
  • Syntax: $FORMATTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATTIME(0, $year/$month/$day GMT)"}% returns 1970/01/01 GMT
  • Related: $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

FORMATGMTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a GMT date string

  • The date string represents the time in Greenwich time zone. Same variable expansion as in $FORMATTIME().
  • Syntax: $FORMATGMTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATGMTIME(1041379200, $day $mon $year)"}% returns 01 Jan 2003
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

GET( name ) -- get the value of a previously set variable

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores). An empty string is returned if the variable does not exist. Use $SET() to set a variable first. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables.
  • Syntax: $GET( name )
  • Example: %CALC{"$GET(my_total)"}% returns the value of the my_total variable
  • Related: $EXEC(), $NOEXEC(), $SET(), $SETIFEMPTY(), $SETM()

IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 ) -- return a value based on a condition

  • The condition can be a number (where 0 means condition not met), or two numbers with a comparison operator < (less than), <= (less than or equal), == (equal), != (not equal), >= (greater than or equal), > (greater than).
  • Syntax: $IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($T(R1:C5) > 1000, Over Budget, OK)"}% returns Over Budget if value in R1:C5 is over 1000, OK if not
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($EXACT($T(R1:C2),), empty, $T(R1:C2))"}% returns the content of R1:C2 or empty if empty
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(val, $IF($T(R1:C2) == 0, zero, $T(R1:C2)))"}% sets a variable conditionally
  • Related: $AND(), $EXACT(), $LISTIF(), $NOT(), $OR()

INT( formula ) -- evaluate formula and round down to nearest integer

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $INT( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$INT(10 / 4)"}% returns 2
  • Related: $EVAL(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

LEFT( ) -- address range of cells to the left of the current cell

  • Syntax: $LEFT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($LEFT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the left of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $RIGHT()

LENGTH( text ) -- length of text in bytes

  • Syntax: $LENGTH( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LENGTH(abcd)"}% returns 4
  • Related: $LISTSIZE()

LIST( range ) -- convert content of a cell range into a list

  • Convert the content of a range of cells into a flat list, delimited by comma. Cells containing commas are merged into the list
  • Syntax: $LIST( range )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LIST($LEFT())"}% returns Apples, Lemons, Oranges, Kiwis assuming the cells to the left contain | Apples | Lemons, Oranges | Kiwis |
Changed:
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LISTIF( condition, list ) -- remove elements from a list that do not meet a condition

  • In addition to the condition described in $IF(), you can use $item to indicate the current element, and $index for the list index, starting at 1
  • Syntax: $LISTIF( condition, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($item > 12, 14, 7, 25)"}% returns 14, 25
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($NOT($EXACT($item,)), A, B, , E)"}% returns non-empty elements A, B, E
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($index > 2, A, B, C, D)"}% returns C, D
  • Related: $IF(), $LIST(), $LISTITEM(), $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SUM()

LISTITEM( index, list ) -- get one element of a list

  • Index is 1 to size of list; use a negative number to count from the end of the list
  • Syntax: $LISTITEM( index, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTITEM(2, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Orange
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTITEM(-1, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Kiwi
Changed:
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LISTJOIN( separator, list ) -- convert a list into a string

  • By default, list items are separated by a comma and a space. Use this function to indicate a specific separator string, which may include $comma for comma, $n for newline, and $sp for space.
  • Syntax: $LISTJOIN( separator, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTJOIN($n, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns the four items separated by new lines
  • Related: $LIST(), $LISTSIZE()

LISTMAP( formula, list ) -- evaluate and update each element of a list

Added:
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LISTRAND( list ) -- get one random element of a list

 

LISTREVERSE( list ) -- opposite order of a list

LISTSIZE( list ) -- number of elements in a list

  • Syntax: $LISTSIZE( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTSIZE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns 4
Changed:
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Added:
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LISTSHUFFLE( list ) -- shuffle element of a list in random order

 

LISTSORT( list ) -- sort a list

  • Sorts a list in ASCII order, or numerically if all elements are numeric
  • Syntax: $LISTSORT( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTSORT(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Apple, Apple, Kiwi, Orange
Changed:
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Added:
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LISTTRUNCATE( size, list ) -- truncate list to size

 

LISTUNIQUE( list ) -- remove all duplicates from a list

LOWER( text ) -- lower case string of a text

MAX( list ) - biggest value of a list or range of cells

MEDIAN( list ) -- median of a list or range of cells

MIN( list ) -- smallest value of a list or range of cells

MOD( num, divisor ) -- reminder after dividing num by divisor

  • Syntax: $MOD( num, divisor )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MOD(7, 3)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $EVAL()

NOEXEC( formula ) -- do not execute a spreadsheet formula

  • Prevent a formula from getting executed. This is typically used to store a raw formula in a variable for later use as described in $EXEC().
  • Syntax: $NOEXEC( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(msg, $NOEXEC(Hi $GET(name)))"}% sets the msg variable with the formula Hi $GET(name) without executing it
  • Related: $EVAL(), $EXEC(), $GET(), $SET()

NOP( text ) -- no-operation

  • Useful to change the order of Plugin execution. For example, it allows preprossing to be done before %SEARCH{}% is evaluated. The percent character '%' can be escaped with $per
  • Syntax: $NOP( text )

NOT( num ) -- reverse logic of a number

  • Returns 0 if num is not zero, 1 if zero
  • Syntax: $NOT( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$NOT(0)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $OR()

ODD( num ) -- test for odd number

OR( list ) -- logical OR of a list

  • Syntax: $OR( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$OR(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $NOT()

PERCENTILE( num, list ) -- percentile of a list or range of cells

  • Calculates the num-th percentile, useful to establish a threshold of acceptance. num is the percentile value, range 0..100
  • Syntax: $PERCENTILE( num, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$PERCENTILE(75, 400, 200, 500, 100, 300)"}% returns 450
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

PRODUCT( list ) -- product of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $PRODUCT( list )
  • Example: To calculate the product of the cells to the left of the current one use %CALC{"$PRODUCT($LEFT())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM(), $SUMPRODUCT()

PROPER( text ) -- properly capitalize text

  • Capitalize letters that follow any character other than a letter; convert all other letters to lowercase letters
  • Syntax: $PROPER( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(a small STEP)"}% returns A Small Step
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(f1 (formula-1))"}% returns F1 (Formula-1)
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

PROPERSPACE( text ) -- properly space out WikiWords

  • Properly spaces out WikiWords preceeded by white space, parenthesis, or ][. Words listed in the DONTSPACE TWikiPreferences variable or DONTSPACE Plugins setting are excluded
  • Syntax: $PROPERSPACE( text )
  • Example: Assuming DONTSPACE contains MacDonald: %CALC{"$PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh)"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPER(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

RAND( max ) -- random number

  • Random number, evenly distributed between 0 and max, or 0 and 1 if max is not specified
  • Syntax: $RAND( max )
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Changed:
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REPEAT(text) -- repeat text a number of times

  • Syntax: $REPEAT( text )
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REPEAT( text, num ) -- repeat text a number of times

  • Syntax: $REPEAT( text, num )
 
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPEAT(/\, 5)"}% returns /\/\/\/\/\

REPLACE( text, start, num, new ) -- replace part of a text string

  • Replace num number of characters of text string text, starting at start, with new text new. Starting position is 1; use a negative start to count from the end of the text
  • Syntax: $REPLACE( text, start, num, new )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPLACE(abcdefghijk,6,5,*)"}% returns abcde*k
  • Related: $FIND(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), $TRANSLATE()

RIGHT( ) -- address range of cells to the right of the current cell

  • Syntax: $RIGHT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($RIGHT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the right of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $LEFT()

ROUND( formula, digits ) -- round a number

  • Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result up or down to the number of digits if digits is positive; to the nearest integer if digits is missing; or to the left of the decimal point if digits is negative
  • Syntax: $ROUND( formula, digits )
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.15, 1)"}% returns 3.2
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.149, 1)"}% returns 3.1
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(-2.475, 2)"}% returns -2.48
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(34.9, -1)"}% returns 30
  • Related: $INT(), $FORMAT()

ROW( offset ) -- current row number

  • The current table row number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $ROW( offset )
  • Example: To get the number of rows excluding table heading (first row) and summary row (last row you are in), write: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}%
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $T()

SEARCH( string, text, start ) -- search a string within a text

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is a RegularExpression search; use $FIND() for non-regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched
  • Syntax: $SEARCH( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy)"}% returns 3
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy, 3)"}% returns 6
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([abc], fluffy,)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $FIND(), $REPLACE()

SET( name, value ) -- set a variable for later use

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulae are evaluated before the variable assignment; see $NOEXEC() if you want to prevent that. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables and also across included topics
  • Syntax: $SET( name, value )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(my_total, $SUM($ABOVE()))"}% sets the my_total variable to the sum of all table cells located above the current cell and returns an empty string
  • Related: $EXEC(), $GET(), $NOEXEC(), $SETIFEMPTY(), SETM()

SETIFEMPTY( name, value ) -- set a variable only if empty

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value.
  • Syntax: $SETIFEMPTY( name, value )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SETIFEMPTY(result, default)"}% sets the result variable to default if the variable is empty or 0; in any case an empty string is returned
  • Related: $GET(), $SET()

SETM( name, formula ) -- update an existing variable based on a formula

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the formula. The formula must start with an operator to + (add), - (subtract), * (multiply), or / (divide) something to the variable. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables
  • Syntax: $SETM( name, formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SETM(total, + $SUM($LEFT()))"}% adds the sum of all table cells on the left to the total variable, and returns an empty string
  • Related: $GET(), $SET(), $SETIFEMPTY()

SIGN( num ) -- sign of a number

SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option ) -- substitute text

  • Substitutes new text for old text in a text string. instance specifies which occurance of old you want to replace. If you specify instance, only that instance is replaced. Otherwise, every occurance is changed to the new text. A literal search is performed by default; a RegularExpression search if the option is set to r
  • Syntax: $SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Good morning, morning, day)"}% returns Good day
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3)"}% returns Q3-3003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3,3)"}% returns Q2-2003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(abc123def,[0-9],9,,r)"}% returns abc999def
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $TRANSLATE()

SUM( list ) -- sum of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $SUM( list )
  • Example: To sum up column 5 excluding the title row, write %CALC{"$SUM(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% in the last row; or simply %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUMPRODUCT(), $WORKINGDAYS()

SUMDAYS( list ) -- sum the days in a list or range of cells

  • The total number of days in a list or range of cells containing numbers of hours, days or weeks. The default unit is days; units are indicated by a h, hours, d, days, w, weeks suffix. One week is assumed to have 5 working days, one day 8 hours
  • Syntax: $SUMDAYS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMDAYS(2w, 1, 2d, 4h)"}% returns 13.5, the evaluation of (2*5 + 1 + 2 + 4/8)
  • Related: $SUM(), $TIME(), $FORMATTIME()

SUMPRODUCT( list, list ) -- scalar product on ranges of cells

  • Syntax: $SUMPRODUCT( list, list, list... )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMPRODUCT(R2:C1..R4:C1, R2:C5..R4:C5)"}% evaluates and returns the result of ($T(R2:C1) * $T(R2:C5) + $T(R3:C1) * $T(R3:C5) + $T(R4:C1) * $T(R4:C5))
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM()

T( address ) -- content of a cell

  • Syntax: $T( address )
  • Example: %CALC{"$T(R1:C5)"}% returns the text in cell R1:C5
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $ROW()

TRANSLATE( text, from, to ) -- translate text from one set of characters to another

  • The translation is done from a set to a set, one character by one. The text may contain commas; all three parameters are required. In the from and to parameters you can write $comma to escape comma, $sp to escape space
  • Syntax: $TRANSLATE( text, from, to )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(boom,bm,cl)"}% returns cool
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(one, two,$comma,;)"}% returns one; two
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SUBSTITUTE()

TIME( text ) -- convert a date string into a serialized date number

  • Serialized date is seconds since the Epoch, e.g. midnight, 01 Jan 1970. Current time is taken if the date string is empty. Supported date formats: 31 Dec 2009; 31 Dec 2009 GMT; 31 Dec 09; 31-Dec-2009; 31/Dec/2009; 2009/12/31; 2009-12-31; 2009/12/31; 2009/12/31 23:59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59; 2009-12-31-23-59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59:59; 2009.12.31.23.59.59. Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone
  • Syntax: $TIME( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIME(2003/10/14 GMT)"}% returns 1066089600
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY(), $WORKINGDAYS()

TIMEADD( serial, value, unit ) -- add a value to a serialized date

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year. Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations
  • Syntax: $TIMEADD( serial, value, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEADD($TIME(), 2, week)"}% returns the serialized date two weeks from now
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit ) -- time difference between two serialized dates

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be specified as in $TIMEADD(). Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. Use $FORMAT() or $INT() to format real numbers
  • Syntax: $TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEDIFF($TIME(), $EVAL($TIME()+90), minute)"}% returns 1.5
  • Related: $FORMAT(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $INT(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TODAY(), $WORKINGDAYS()

TODAY( ) -- serialized date of today at midnight GMT

  • In contrast, the related $TIME() returns the serialized date of today at the current time, e.g. it includes the number of seconds since midnight GMT
  • Syntax: $TODAY( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TODAY()"}% returns the number of seconds since Epoch
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF()

TRIM( text ) -- trim spaces from text

  • Removes all spaces from text except for single spaces between words
  • Syntax: $TRIM( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRIM( eat  spaces  )"}% returns eat spaces
  • Related: $EXACT(), $PROPERSPACE()

UPPER( text ) -- upper case string of a text

VALUE( text ) -- convert text to number

  • Extracts a number from text. Returns 0 if not found
  • Syntax: $VALUE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(US$1,200)"}% returns 1200
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(PrjNotebook1234)"}% returns 1234
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(Total: -12.5)"}% returns -12.5
  • Related: $EVAL(), $INT()

WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 ) -- working days between two serialized dates

  • Working days are Monday through Friday (sorry, Israel!)
  • Syntax: $WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$WORKINGDAYS($TIME(2004/07/15), $TIME(2004/08/03))"}% returns 13
  • Related: $SUMDAYS(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF()
Added:
>
>

FAQ

Can I use CALC in a formatted search?

Specifically, how can I output some conditional text in a FormattedSearch?

You need to escape the CALC so that it executes once per search hit. This can be done by escaping the % signs of %CALC{...}% with $percnt. For example, to execute $IF($EXACT($formfield(Tested), Yes), %PUBURL%/%TWIKIWEB%/TWikiDocGraphics/choice-yes.gif, %PUBURL%/%TWIKIWEB%/TWikiDocGraphics/choice-no.gif) in the format="" parameter, write this:

%SEARCH{ .... format="| $topic | $percntCALC{$IF($EXACT($formfield(Tested), Yes), %PUBURL%/%TWIKIWEB%/TWikiDocGraphics/choice-yes.gif, %PUBURL%/%TWIKIWEB%/TWikiDocGraphics/choice-no.gif)}$percnt |" }%

How can I easily repeat a formula in a table?

To repeat the same formula in all cells of a table row define the formula once in a preferences setting and use that in the CALC. The preferences setting can be hidden in HTML comments. Example:

<!--
   * Set MYFORMULA = $EVAL($SUBSTITUTE(...etc...))
-->
| A | 1 | %CALC{%MYFORMULA%}% |
| B | 2 | %CALC{%MYFORMULA%}% |
| C | 3 | %CALC{%MYFORMULA%}% |
 

Bug Tracking Example

Bug#: Priority: Subject: Status: Days to fix
Bug:1231 Low File Open ... Open 3
Bug:1232 High Memory Window ... Fixed 2
Bug:1233 Medium Usability issue ... Assigned 5
Bug:1234 High No arrange ... Fixed 1
Total: 4 High: 2
Low: 1
Medium: 1
. Assigned: 1
Fixed: 2
Open: 1
Total: 11

The last row is defined as:

| Total: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}% \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% | . \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% \ 
  |  Total: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% |

Above table is created manually. Another Plugin could build the table dynamically, e.g. by pulling data out of a bug tracking system. The Spreadsheet Plugin can be used to display table data statistics.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, i.e. %SPREADSHEETPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%

Changed:
<
<
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Add spreadsheet calculation like "$SUM( $ABOVE() )" to tables located in KoreaCmsWiki? topics.
>
>
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Add spreadsheet calculation like "$SUM( $ABOVE() )" to TWiki tables and other topic text
 
  • Debug plugin: (See output in data/debug.txt)
    • Set DEBUG = 0

  • Do not handle %CALC{}% variable in included topic while including topic: (default: 1)
    • Set SKIPINCLUDE = 1

  • WikiWords to exclude from being spaced out by the $PROPERSPACE(text) function. This comma delimited list can be overloaded by a DONTSPACE preferences variable:
    • Set DONTSPACE = CodeWarrior, MacDonald, McIntosh, RedHat, SuSE

Plugin Installation Instructions

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. Below installation instructions are for the administrator who needs to install this plugin on the TWiki server.

  • Download the ZIP file from the SpreadSheetPlugin home
  • Unzip SpreadSheetPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt Plugin topic
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt,v Plugin topic repository
    lib/TWiki/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
  • TWiki 4 and up: Visit configure in your TWiki installation, and enable the Plugin in the {Plugins} section.
  • Test if the "Total" in the first table in this topic is correct.

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny
Copyright: © 2001-2006, Peter@Thoeny.org, StructuredWikis LLC
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Changed:
<
<
Plugin Version: 13 May 2006 (10197)
>
>
Plugin Version: 18 Dec 2006 (r12315)
 
Change History:
<-- specify latest version first -->
 
Added:
>
>
18 Dec 2006: Added $LISTRAND(), $LISTSHUFFLE(), $LISTTRUNCATE(); fixed spurious newline at end of topic, contributed by TWiki:Main/MichaelDaum
10 Oct 2006: Enhanced documentation
 
13 May 2006: Added $SETIFEMPTY(); fixes in documentation
17 Jun 2005: Added $NOEXEC(), $EXEC()
25 Mar 2005: Fixed evaluation bug when using SpeedyCGI accelerator; code refactor to load module only when needed, contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
24 Oct 2004: Added $EXISTS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/RodrigoChandia; added $PERCENTILE()
18 Oct 2004: Added $LISTJOIN()
26 Sep 2004: Added $FORMAT(KB), $FORMAT(MB), contributed by TWiki:Main/ArthurClemens; added $FORMAT(KBMB), $EVEN(), $ODD()
17 Jul 2004: Added $WORKINGDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
24 May 2004: Refactored documentation (no code changes)
03 Apr 2004: Added $ABS(), $LISTIF(); fixed $VALUE() to remove leading zeros; changed $FIND() and $SEARCH() to return 0 instead of empty string if no match
21 Mar 2004: Added $LISTITEM(); fixed call to unofficial function
16 Mar 2004: Added $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SETM(); retired $COUNTUNIQUE() in favor of $COUNTITEMS($LISTUNIQUE()); fixed evaluation order issue of $IF(); fixed missing eval error messages suppressed since version 06 Mar 2004; redirect stderr messages to warning
08 Mar 2004: Added $LIST()
06 Mar 2004: Added $AND(), $MOD(), $NOT(), $OR(), $PRODUCT(), $PROPER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $RAND(), $REPEAT(), $SIGN(), $VALUE(); added digits parameter to $ROUND(); renamed $MULT() to $PRODUCT(); $MULT() is deprecated and undocumented
27 Feb 2004: Added $COUNTUNIQUE()
24 Oct 2003: Added $SET(), $GET(), $MEDIAN(); added $SUMPRODUCT(), inspired by TWiki:Main/RobertWithrow; added $SUMDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/SvenDowideit
21 Oct 2003: Added support for lists (1, 2, 3) and lists of table ranges (R1:C1..R1:C5, R3:C1..R3:C5) for all functions that accept a table range; added $TIMEADD(); in $TIMEDIFF() added week unit; in $FORMATTIME() changed $weekday to $wd and added $wday and $weekday
14 Oct 2003: Added $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF()
13 Oct 2003: Added $MULT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/GerritJanBaarda
30 Jul 2003: Added $TRANSLATE()
19 Jul 2003: Added $FIND(), $NOP(), $REPLACE(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), contributed by TWiki:Main/PaulineCheung
19 Apr 2003: Added $COUNTSTR(), $EXACT(), $IF(), $ROUND(), $TRIM(); added $FORMAT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/JimStraus; support % modulus operator in $EVAL(), $INT(), and $ROUND(); fixed bug in $DEF()
07 Jun 2002: Added $DEF(), contributed by TWiki:Main/MartinFuzzey; allow values with HTML formatting like <u>102</u>, suggested by TWiki:Main/GladeDiviney; added SKIPINCLUDE setting
12 Mar 2002: Support for multiple functions per nesting level
15 Jan 2002: Added $CHAR(), $CODE() and $LENGTH()
12 Nov 2001: Added $RIGHT()
12 Aug 2001: Fixed bug of disappearing multi-column cells
19 Jul 2001: Fixed incorrect $SUM() calculation of cell with value 0
14 Jul 2001: Changed to plug & play
01 Jun 2001: Fixed insecure dependencies for $MIN() and $MAX()
16 Apr 2001: Fixed div by 0 bug in $AVERAGE()
17 Mar 2001: Initial version with $ABOVE(), $AVERAGE(), $COLUMN(), $COUNTITEMS(), $EVAL(), $INT(), $LEFT(), $LOWER(), $MAX(), $MIN(), $ROW(), $SUM(), $T(), $UPPER()
CPAN Dependencies: none
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 99%, FormattedSearch 99%, SpreadSheetPlugin 95%
Other Dependencies: none
Perl Version: 5.000 and up
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginDev
Appraisal: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginAppraisal

Related Topics: TWikiPreferences, TWikiPlugins

Changed:
<
<
-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 13 May 2006
>
>
-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 18 Dec 2006
 

Revision 132006-05-13 - PeterThoeny?

 

TWiki Spreadsheet Plugin

This Plugin adds spreadsheet capabilities to KoreaCmsWiki? topics. Formulae like %CALC{"$INT(7/3)"}% are evaluated at page view time. They can be placed in table cells and outside of tables. In other words, this Plugin provides general formula evaluation capability, not just classic spreadsheet functions.

Example:

Region: Sales:
Northeast 320
Northwest 580
South 240
Europe 610
Asia 220
Total: 1970

      Interactive example:

Formula: %CALC{""}%  
Result:     TWiki Guest

The formula next to "Total" is %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%.
(you see the formula instead of the sum in case the Plugin is not installed or not enabled.)

Syntax Rules

The action of this Plugin is triggered by the %CALC{"..."}% variable, which gets rendered according to the built-in function(s) found between the quotes.

  • Built-in function are of format $FUNCNAME(parameter)
  • Functions may be nested, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN(0)..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN(0) )"}%
  • Functions are evaluated from left to right, and from inside to outside if nested
  • The function parameter can be text; a mathematical formula; a cell address; or a range of cell addresses
  • Multiple parameters form a list; they are separated by a comma, followed by optional space, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, 7 )"}%
  • A table cell can be addressed as R1:C1. Table address matrix:
    R1:C1 R1:C2 R1:C3 R1:C4
    R2:C1 R2:C2 R2:C3 R2:C4
  • A table cell range is defined by two cell addresses separated by "..", e.g. "row 1 through 20, column 3" is: R1:C3..R20:C3
  • Lists can refer to values and/or table cell ranges, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, $T(R1:C7), R1:C11..R1:C15 )"}%
  • Formulae can only reference cells in the current or preceeding row of the current table; they may not reference cells below the current table row
  • Formulae can also be placed outside of tables; they can reference cells in the preceeding table

Built-in Functions

Conventions for Syntax:

  • Required parameters are indicated in ( bold )
  • Optional parameters are indicated in ( bold italic )

ABOVE( ) -- address range of cells above the current cell

  • Syntax: $ABOVE( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}% returns the sum of cells above the current cell
  • Related: $LEFT(), $RIGHT()

ABS( num ) -- absolute value of a number

Changed:
<
<

AND( list ) -- logcial AND of a list

>
>

AND( list ) -- logical AND of a list

 
  • Syntax: $AND( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AND(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $NOT(), $IF(), $OR()

AVERAGE( list ) -- average of a list or a range of cells

  • Syntax: $AVERAGE( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AVERAGE(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% returns the average of column 5, excluding the title row
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

CHAR( number ) -- ASCII character represented by number

  • Syntax: $CHAR( number )
  • Example: Example: %CALC{"$CHAR(97)"}% returns a
  • Related: $CODE()

CODE( text ) -- ASCII numeric value of character

  • The ASCII numeric value of the first character in text
  • Syntax: $CODE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$CODE(abc)"}% returns 97
  • Related: $CHAR()

COLUMN( offset ) -- current column number

  • The current table column number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $COLUMN( offset )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COLUMN()"}% returns 2 for the second column
  • Related: $ROW(), $T()

COUNTITEMS( list ) -- count individual items in a list

  • Syntax: $COUNTITEMS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS($ABOVE())"}% returns Closed: 1, Open: 2 assuming one cell above the current cell contains Closed and two cells contain Open
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LIST()

COUNTSTR( list, str ) -- count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string

  • Count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string (if str is specified), or counts the number of non empty cells in a list
  • Syntax: $COUNTSTR( list, str )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE())"}% counts the number of non empty cells above the current cell
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE(), DONE)"}% counts the number of cells equal to DONE
  • Related: $COUNTITEMS(), $LIST()

DEF( list ) -- find first non-empty list item or cell

  • Returns the first list item or cell reference that is not empty
  • Syntax: $DEF( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$DEF(R1:C1..R1:C3)"}%
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LISTIF(), $LIST()

EVAL( formula ) -- evaluate a simple mathematical formula

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $EVAL( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EVAL( (5 * 3) / 2 + 1.1 )"}% returns 8.6
  • Related: $EXEC(), $INT(), $MOD(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

EVEN( num ) -- test for even number

EXACT( text1, text2 ) -- compare two text strings

  • Compares two text strings and returns 1 if they are exactly the same, or 0 if not
  • Syntax: $EXACT( text1, text2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, Foo)"}% returns 0
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, $LOWER(Foo))"}% returns 1
  • Related: $IF(), $TRIM()

EXEC( formula ) -- execute a spreadsheet formula

  • Execute a spreadsheet formula, typically retrieved from a variable. This can be used to store a formula in a variable once and execute it many times using different parameters.
  • Syntax: $EXEC( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(msg, $NOEXEC(Hi $GET(name)))"}% sets the msg variable with raw formula Hi $GET(name)
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(name, Tom) $EXEC($GET(msg))"}% executes content of msg variable and returns Hi Tom
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(name, Jerry) $EXEC($GET(msg))"}% returns Hi Jerry
  • Related: $EVAL(), $GET(), $NOEXEC(), $SET()

EXISTS( topic ) -- check if topic exists

  • Topic can be TopicName or a Web.TopicName
  • Syntax: $EXISTS( topic )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXISTS(WebHome)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXISTS(ThisDoesNotExist)"}% returns 0

FIND( string, text, start ) -- find one string within another string

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is case sensitive and is not a regular expression search; use $SEARCH() for regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched.
  • Syntax: $FIND( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy, 2)"}% returns 4
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(@, fluffy, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SEARCH()

FORMAT( type, prec, number ) -- format a number to a certain type and precision

  • Type can be COMMA for comma format, DOLLAR for Dollar format, KB for Kilo Byte format, MB for Mega Byte format, KBMB for Kilo/Mega/Giga/Tera Byte auto-adjust format, NUMBER for number, and PERCENT for percent format
  • Syntax: $FORMAT( type, prec, number )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(COMMA, 2, 12345.6789)"}% returns 12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(DOLLAR, 2, 12345.67)"}% returns $12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1205.63 KB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(MB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1.18 MB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KBMB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1.18 MB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KBMB, 2, 1234567890)"}% returns 1.15 GB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(NUMBER, 1, 12345.67)"}% returns 12345.7
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(PERCENT, 1, 0.1234567)"}% returns 12.3%
  • Related: $ROUND()

FORMATTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a date string

  • The following variables in text are expanded: $second (seconds, 00..59); $minute (minutes, 00..59); $hour (hours, 00..23); $day (day of month, 01..31); $month (month, 01..12); $mon (month in text format, Jan..Dec); $year (4 digit year, 1999); $ye (2 digit year, 99), $wd (day number of the week, 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, etc), $wday (day of the week, Sun..Sat), $weekday (day of the week, Sunday..Saturday), $yearday (day of the year, 1..365, or 1..366 in leap years). Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone.
  • Syntax: $FORMATTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATTIME(0, $year/$month/$day GMT)"}% returns 1970/01/01 GMT
  • Related: $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

FORMATGMTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a GMT date string

  • The date string represents the time in Greenwich time zone. Same variable expansion as in $FORMATTIME().
  • Syntax: $FORMATGMTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATGMTIME(1041379200, $day $mon $year)"}% returns 01 Jan 2003
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

GET( name ) -- get the value of a previously set variable

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores). An empty string is returned if the variable does not exist. Use $SET() to set a variable first. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables.
  • Syntax: $GET( name )
  • Example: %CALC{"$GET(my_total)"}% returns the value of the my_total variable
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IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 ) -- return a value based on a condition

  • The condition can be a number (where 0 means condition not met), or two numbers with a comparison operator < (less than), <= (less than or equal), == (equal), != (not equal), >= (greater than or equal), > (greater than).
  • Syntax: $IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($T(R1:C5) > 1000, Over Budget, OK)"}% returns Over Budget if value in R1:C5 is over 1000, OK if not
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($EXACT($T(R1:C2),), empty, $T(R1:C2))"}% returns the content of R1:C2 or empty if empty
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(val, $IF($T(R1:C2) == 0, zero, $T(R1:C2)))"}% sets a variable conditionally
  • Related: $AND(), $EXACT(), $LISTIF(), $NOT(), $OR()

INT( formula ) -- evaluate formula and round down to nearest integer

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $INT( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$INT(10 / 4)"}% returns 2
  • Related: $EVAL(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

LEFT( ) -- address range of cells to the left of the current cell

  • Syntax: $LEFT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($LEFT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the left of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $RIGHT()

LENGTH( text ) -- length of text in bytes

  • Syntax: $LENGTH( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LENGTH(abcd)"}% returns 4
  • Related: $LISTSIZE()

LIST( range ) -- convert content of a cell range into a list

LISTIF( condition, list ) -- remove elements from a list that do not meet a condition

  • In addition to the condition described in $IF(), you can use $item to indicate the current element, and $index for the list index, starting at 1
  • Syntax: $LISTIF( condition, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($item > 12, 14, 7, 25)"}% returns 14, 25
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($NOT($EXACT($item,)), A, B, , E)"}% returns non-empty elements A, B, E
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($index > 2, A, B, C, D)"}% returns C, D
  • Related: $IF(), $LIST(), $LISTITEM(), $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SUM()

LISTITEM( index, list ) -- get one element of a list

LISTJOIN( separator, list ) -- convert a list into a string

  • By default, list items are separated by a comma and a space. Use this function to indicate a specific separator string, which may include $comma for comma, $n for newline, and $sp for space.
  • Syntax: $LISTJOIN( separator, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTJOIN($n, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns the four items separated by new lines
  • Related: $LIST(), $LISTSIZE()

LISTMAP( formula, list ) -- evaluate and update each element of a list

LISTREVERSE( list ) -- opposite order of a list

LISTSIZE( list ) -- number of elements in a list

LISTSORT( list ) -- sort a list

LISTUNIQUE( list ) -- remove all duplicates from a list

LOWER( text ) -- lower case string of a text

MAX( list ) - biggest value of a list or range of cells

MEDIAN( list ) -- median of a list or range of cells

MIN( list ) -- smallest value of a list or range of cells

MOD( num, divisor ) -- reminder after dividing num by divisor

  • Syntax: $MOD( num, divisor )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MOD(7, 3)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $EVAL()

NOEXEC( formula ) -- do not execute a spreadsheet formula

  • Prevent a formula from getting executed. This is typically used to store a raw formula in a variable for later use as described in $EXEC().
  • Syntax: $NOEXEC( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(msg, $NOEXEC(Hi $GET(name)))"}% sets the msg variable with the formula Hi $GET(name) without executing it
  • Related: $EVAL(), $EXEC(), $GET(), $SET()

NOP( text ) -- no-operation

  • Useful to change the order of Plugin execution. For example, it allows preprossing to be done before %SEARCH{}% is evaluated. The percent character '%' can be escaped with $per
  • Syntax: $NOP( text )

NOT( num ) -- reverse logic of a number

  • Returns 0 if num is not zero, 1 if zero
  • Syntax: $NOT( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$NOT(0)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $OR()

ODD( num ) -- test for odd number

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OR( list ) -- logcial OR of a list

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OR( list ) -- logical OR of a list

 
  • Syntax: $OR( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$OR(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $NOT()

PERCENTILE( num, list ) -- percentile of a list or range of cells

  • Calculates the num-th percentile, useful to establish a threshold of acceptance. num is the percentile value, range 0..100
  • Syntax: $PERCENTILE( num, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$PERCENTILE(75, 400, 200, 500, 100, 300)"}% returns 450
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

PRODUCT( list ) -- product of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $PRODUCT( list )
  • Example: To calculate the product of the cells to the left of the current one use %CALC{"$PRODUCT($LEFT())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM(), $SUMPRODUCT()

PROPER( text ) -- properly capitalize text

  • Capitalize letters that follow any character other than a letter; convert all other letters to lowercase letters
  • Syntax: $PROPER( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(a small STEP)"}% returns A Small Step
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(f1 (formula-1))"}% returns F1 (Formula-1)
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

PROPERSPACE( text ) -- properly space out WikiWords

  • Properly spaces out WikiWords preceeded by white space, parenthesis, or ][. Words listed in the DONTSPACE TWikiPreferences variable or DONTSPACE Plugins setting are excluded
  • Syntax: $PROPERSPACE( text )
Changed:
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  • Example: Assuming DONTSPACE contains MacDonald: %CALC{"$PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
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  • Example: Assuming DONTSPACE contains MacDonald: %CALC{"$PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh)"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
 

RAND( max ) -- random number

  • Random number, evenly distributed between 0 and max, or 0 and 1 if max is not specified
  • Syntax: $RAND( max )
  • Related: $EVAL()

REPEAT(text) -- repeat text a number of times

  • Syntax: $REPEAT( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPEAT(/\, 5)"}% returns /\/\/\/\/\

REPLACE( text, start, num, new ) -- replace part of a text string

  • Replace num number of characters of text string text, starting at start, with new text new. Starting position is 1; use a negative start to count from the end of the text
  • Syntax: $REPLACE( text, start, num, new )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPLACE(abcdefghijk,6,5,*)"}% returns abcde*k
  • Related: $FIND(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), $TRANSLATE()

RIGHT( ) -- address range of cells to the right of the current cell

  • Syntax: $RIGHT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($RIGHT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the right of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $LEFT()

ROUND( formula, digits ) -- round a number

  • Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result up or down to the number of digits if digits is positive; to the nearest integer if digits is missing; or to the left of the decimal point if digits is negative
  • Syntax: $ROUND( formula, digits )
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.15, 1)"}% returns 3.2
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.149, 1)"}% returns 3.1
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(-2.475, 2)"}% returns -2.48
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(34.9, -1)"}% returns 30
  • Related: $INT(), $FORMAT()

ROW( offset ) -- current row number

  • The current table row number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $ROW( offset )
  • Example: To get the number of rows excluding table heading (first row) and summary row (last row you are in), write: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}%
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $T()

SEARCH( string, text, start ) -- search a string within a text

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is a RegularExpression search; use $FIND() for non-regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched
  • Syntax: $SEARCH( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy)"}% returns 3
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy, 3)"}% returns 6
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([abc], fluffy,)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $FIND(), $REPLACE()

SET( name, value ) -- set a variable for later use

Changed:
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  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulae are evaluated before the variable assignment; see $NOEXEC() if you want to prevent that. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables and also included topics
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  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulae are evaluated before the variable assignment; see $NOEXEC() if you want to prevent that. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables and also across included topics
 
  • Syntax: $SET( name, value )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(my_total, $SUM($ABOVE()))"}% sets the my_total variable to the sum of all table cells located above the current cell and returns an empty string
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SETIFEMPTY( name, value ) -- set a variable only if empty

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value.
  • Syntax: $SETIFEMPTY( name, value )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SETIFEMPTY(result, default)"}% sets the result variable to default if the variable is empty or 0; in any case an empty string is returned
  • Related: $GET(), $SET()
 

SETM( name, formula ) -- update an existing variable based on a formula

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the formula. The formula must start with an operator to + (add), - (subtract), * (multiply), or / (divide) something to the variable. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables
  • Syntax: $SETM( name, formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SETM(total, + $SUM($LEFT()))"}% adds the sum of all table cells on the left to the total variable, and returns an empty string
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SIGN( num ) -- sign of a number

SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option ) -- substitute text

  • Substitutes new text for old text in a text string. instance specifies which occurance of old you want to replace. If you specify instance, only that instance is replaced. Otherwise, every occurance is changed to the new text. A literal search is performed by default; a RegularExpression search if the option is set to r
  • Syntax: $SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Good morning, morning, day)"}% returns Good day
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3)"}% returns Q3-3003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3,3)"}% returns Q2-2003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(abc123def,[0-9],9,,r)"}% returns abc999def
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $TRANSLATE()

SUM( list ) -- sum of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $SUM( list )
  • Example: To sum up column 5 excluding the title row, write %CALC{"$SUM(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% in the last row; or simply %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUMPRODUCT(), $WORKINGDAYS()

SUMDAYS( list ) -- sum the days in a list or range of cells

  • The total number of days in a list or range of cells containing numbers of hours, days or weeks. The default unit is days; units are indicated by a h, hours, d, days, w, weeks suffix. One week is assumed to have 5 working days, one day 8 hours
  • Syntax: $SUMDAYS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMDAYS(2w, 1, 2d, 4h)"}% returns 13.5, the evaluation of (2*5 + 1 + 2 + 4/8)
  • Related: $SUM(), $TIME(), $FORMATTIME()

SUMPRODUCT( list, list ) -- scalar product on ranges of cells

  • Syntax: $SUMPRODUCT( list, list, list... )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMPRODUCT(R2:C1..R4:C1, R2:C5..R4:C5)"}% evaluates and returns the result of ($T(R2:C1) * $T(R2:C5) + $T(R3:C1) * $T(R3:C5) + $T(R4:C1) * $T(R4:C5))
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM()

T( address ) -- content of a cell

  • Syntax: $T( address )
  • Example: %CALC{"$T(R1:C5)"}% returns the text in cell R1:C5
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $ROW()

TRANSLATE( text, from, to ) -- translate text from one set of characters to another

  • The translation is done from a set to a set, one character by one. The text may contain commas; all three parameters are required. In the from and to parameters you can write $comma to escape comma, $sp to escape space
  • Syntax: $TRANSLATE( text, from, to )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(boom,bm,cl)"}% returns cool
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(one, two,$comma,;)"}% returns one; two
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SUBSTITUTE()

TIME( text ) -- convert a date string into a serialized date number

  • Serialized date is seconds since the Epoch, e.g. midnight, 01 Jan 1970. Current time is taken if the date string is empty. Supported date formats: 31 Dec 2009; 31 Dec 2009 GMT; 31 Dec 09; 31-Dec-2009; 31/Dec/2009; 2009/12/31; 2009-12-31; 2009/12/31; 2009/12/31 23:59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59; 2009-12-31-23-59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59:59; 2009.12.31.23.59.59. Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone
  • Syntax: $TIME( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIME(2003/10/14 GMT)"}% returns 1066089600
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY(), $WORKINGDAYS()

TIMEADD( serial, value, unit ) -- add a value to a serialized date

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year. Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations
  • Syntax: $TIMEADD( serial, value, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEADD($TIME(), 2, week)"}% returns the serialized date two weeks from now
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit ) -- time difference between two serialized dates

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be specified as in $TIMEADD(). Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. Use $FORMAT() or $INT() to format real numbers
  • Syntax: $TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEDIFF($TIME(), $EVAL($TIME()+90), minute)"}% returns 1.5
  • Related: $FORMAT(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $INT(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TODAY(), $WORKINGDAYS()

TODAY( ) -- serialized date of today at midnight GMT

  • In contrast, the related $TIME() returns the serialized date of today at the current time, e.g. it includes the number of seconds since midnight GMT
  • Syntax: $TODAY( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TODAY()"}% returns the number of seconds since Epoch
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF()

TRIM( text ) -- trim spaces from text

  • Removes all spaces from text except for single spaces between words
  • Syntax: $TRIM( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRIM( eat  spaces  )"}% returns eat spaces
  • Related: $EXACT(), $PROPERSPACE()

UPPER( text ) -- upper case string of a text

VALUE( text ) -- convert text to number

  • Extracts a number from text. Returns 0 if not found
  • Syntax: $VALUE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(US$1,200)"}% returns 1200
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(PrjNotebook1234)"}% returns 1234
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(Total: -12.5)"}% returns -12.5
  • Related: $EVAL(), $INT()

WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 ) -- working days between two serialized dates

  • Working days are Monday through Friday (sorry, Israel!)
  • Syntax: $WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$WORKINGDAYS($TIME(2004/07/15), $TIME(2004/08/03))"}% returns 13
  • Related: $SUMDAYS(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF()

Bug Tracking Example

Bug#: Priority: Subject: Status: Days to fix
Bug:1231 Low File Open ... Open 3
Bug:1232 High Memory Window ... Fixed 2
Bug:1233 Medium Usability issue ... Assigned 5
Bug:1234 High No arrange ... Fixed 1
Total: 4 High: 2
Low: 1
Medium: 1
. Assigned: 1
Fixed: 2
Open: 1
Total: 11

The last row is defined as:

| Total: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}% \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% | . \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% \ 
  |  Total: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% |

Above table is created manually. Another Plugin could build the table dynamically, e.g. by pulling data out of a bug tracking system. The Spreadsheet Plugin can be used to display table data statistics.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, i.e. %SPREADSHEETPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%

  • One line description, is shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Add spreadsheet calculation like "$SUM( $ABOVE() )" to tables located in KoreaCmsWiki? topics.

  • Debug plugin: (See output in data/debug.txt)
    • Set DEBUG = 0

  • Do not handle %CALC{}% variable in included topic while including topic: (default: 1)
    • Set SKIPINCLUDE = 1

  • WikiWords to exclude from being spaced out by the $PROPERSPACE(text) function. This comma delimited list can be overloaded by a DONTSPACE preferences variable:
    • Set DONTSPACE = CodeWarrior, MacDonald, McIntosh, RedHat, SuSE

Plugin Installation Instructions

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. Below installation instructions are for the administrator who needs to install this plugin on the TWiki server.

  • Download the ZIP file from the SpreadSheetPlugin home
  • Unzip SpreadSheetPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt Plugin topic
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt,v Plugin topic repository
    lib/TWiki/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
Changed:
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  • (Dakar) Visit configure in your TWiki installation, and enable the plugin in the {Plugins} section.
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  • TWiki 4 and up: Visit configure in your TWiki installation, and enable the Plugin in the {Plugins} section.
 
  • Test if the "Total" in the first table in this topic is correct.

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny
Changed:
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Plugin Version: 17 Jun 2005 (1.018)
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Copyright: © 2001-2006, Peter@Thoeny.org, StructuredWikis LLC
Added:
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License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Plugin Version: 13 May 2006 (10197)
 
Change History:
<-- specify latest version first -->
 
Added:
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13 May 2006: Added $SETIFEMPTY(); fixes in documentation
 
17 Jun 2005: Added $NOEXEC(), $EXEC()
25 Mar 2005: Fixed evaluation bug when using SpeedyCGI accelerator; code refactor to load module only when needed, contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
24 Oct 2004: Added $EXISTS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/RodrigoChandia; added $PERCENTILE()
18 Oct 2004: Added $LISTJOIN()
26 Sep 2004: Added $FORMAT(KB), $FORMAT(MB), contributed by TWiki:Main/ArthurClemens; added $FORMAT(KBMB), $EVEN(), $ODD()
17 Jul 2004: Added $WORKINGDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
24 May 2004: Refactored documentation (no code changes)
03 Apr 2004: Added $ABS(), $LISTIF(); fixed $VALUE() to remove leading zeros; changed $FIND() and $SEARCH() to return 0 instead of empty string if no match
21 Mar 2004: Added $LISTITEM(); fixed call to unofficial function
16 Mar 2004: Added $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SETM(); retired $COUNTUNIQUE() in favor of $COUNTITEMS($LISTUNIQUE()); fixed evaluation order issue of $IF(); fixed missing eval error messages suppressed since version 06 Mar 2004; redirect stderr messages to warning
08 Mar 2004: Added $LIST()
06 Mar 2004: Added $AND(), $MOD(), $NOT(), $OR(), $PRODUCT(), $PROPER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $RAND(), $REPEAT(), $SIGN(), $VALUE(); added digits parameter to $ROUND(); renamed $MULT() to $PRODUCT(); $MULT() is deprecated and undocumented
27 Feb 2004: Added $COUNTUNIQUE()
24 Oct 2003: Added $SET(), $GET(), $MEDIAN(); added $SUMPRODUCT(), inspired by TWiki:Main/RobertWithrow; added $SUMDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/SvenDowideit
21 Oct 2003: Added support for lists (1, 2, 3) and lists of table ranges (R1:C1..R1:C5, R3:C1..R3:C5) for all functions that accept a table range; added $TIMEADD(); in $TIMEDIFF() added week unit; in $FORMATTIME() changed $weekday to $wd and added $wday and $weekday
14 Oct 2003: Added $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF()
13 Oct 2003: Added $MULT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/GerritJanBaarda
30 Jul 2003: Added $TRANSLATE()
19 Jul 2003: Added $FIND(), $NOP(), $REPLACE(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), contributed by TWiki:Main/PaulineCheung
19 Apr 2003: Added $COUNTSTR(), $EXACT(), $IF(), $ROUND(), $TRIM(); added $FORMAT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/JimStraus; support % modulus operator in $EVAL(), $INT(), and $ROUND(); fixed bug in $DEF()
07 Jun 2002: Added $DEF(), contributed by TWiki:Main/MartinFuzzey; allow values with HTML formatting like <u>102</u>, suggested by TWiki:Main/GladeDiviney; added SKIPINCLUDE setting
12 Mar 2002: Support for multiple functions per nesting level
15 Jan 2002: Added $CHAR(), $CODE() and $LENGTH()
12 Nov 2001: Added $RIGHT()
12 Aug 2001: Fixed bug of disappearing multi-column cells
19 Jul 2001: Fixed incorrect $SUM() calculation of cell with value 0
14 Jul 2001: Changed to plug & play
01 Jun 2001: Fixed insecure dependencies for $MIN() and $MAX()
16 Apr 2001: Fixed div by 0 bug in $AVERAGE()
17 Mar 2001: Initial version with $ABOVE(), $AVERAGE(), $COLUMN(), $COUNTITEMS(), $EVAL(), $INT(), $LEFT(), $LOWER(), $MAX(), $MIN(), $ROW(), $SUM(), $T(), $UPPER()
CPAN Dependencies: none
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 99%, FormattedSearch 99%, SpreadSheetPlugin 95%
Other Dependencies: none
Perl Version: 5.000 and up
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginDev
Added:
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Appraisal: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginAppraisal
  Related Topics: TWikiPreferences, TWikiPlugins
Changed:
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-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 17 Jun 2005
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-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 13 May 2006
 

Revision 122005-06-27 - TWikiContributor

 

TWiki Spreadsheet Plugin

This Plugin adds spreadsheet capabilities to KoreaCmsWiki? topics. Formulae like %CALC{"$INT(7/3)"}% are evaluated at page view time. They can be placed in table cells and outside of tables. In other words, this Plugin provides general formula evaluation capability, not just classic spreadsheet functions.

Example:

Region: Sales:
Northeast 320
Northwest 580
South 240
Europe 610
Asia 220
Total: 1970

      Interactive example:

Formula: %CALC{""}%  
Result:     TWiki Guest

The formula next to "Total" is %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%.
(you see the formula instead of the sum in case the Plugin is not installed or not enabled.)

Syntax Rules

The action of this Plugin is triggered by the %CALC{"..."}% variable, which gets rendered according to the built-in function(s) found between the quotes.

  • Built-in function are of format $FUNCNAME(parameter)
  • Functions may be nested, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN(0)..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN(0) )"}%
  • Functions are evaluated from left to right, and from inside to outside if nested
  • The function parameter can be text; a mathematical formula; a cell address; or a range of cell addresses
  • Multiple parameters form a list; they are separated by a comma, followed by optional space, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, 7 )"}%
  • A table cell can be addressed as R1:C1. Table address matrix:
    R1:C1 R1:C2 R1:C3 R1:C4
    R2:C1 R2:C2 R2:C3 R2:C4
  • A table cell range is defined by two cell addresses separated by "..", e.g. "row 1 through 20, column 3" is: R1:C3..R20:C3
  • Lists can refer to values and/or table cell ranges, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, $T(R1:C7), R1:C11..R1:C15 )"}%
  • Formulae can only reference cells in the current or preceeding row of the current table; they may not reference cells below the current table row
  • Formulae can also be placed outside of tables; they can reference cells in the preceeding table

Built-in Functions

Conventions for Syntax:

  • Required parameters are indicated in ( bold )
  • Optional parameters are indicated in ( bold italic )

ABOVE( ) -- address range of cells above the current cell

  • Syntax: $ABOVE( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}% returns the sum of cells above the current cell
  • Related: $LEFT(), $RIGHT()

ABS( num ) -- absolute value of a number

AND( list ) -- logcial AND of a list

  • Syntax: $AND( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AND(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $NOT(), $IF(), $OR()

AVERAGE( list ) -- average of a list or a range of cells

  • Syntax: $AVERAGE( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AVERAGE(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% returns the average of column 5, excluding the title row
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

CHAR( number ) -- ASCII character represented by number

  • Syntax: $CHAR( number )
  • Example: Example: %CALC{"$CHAR(97)"}% returns a
  • Related: $CODE()

CODE( text ) -- ASCII numeric value of character

  • The ASCII numeric value of the first character in text
  • Syntax: $CODE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$CODE(abc)"}% returns 97
  • Related: $CHAR()

COLUMN( offset ) -- current column number

  • The current table column number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $COLUMN( offset )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COLUMN()"}% returns 2 for the second column
  • Related: $ROW(), $T()

COUNTITEMS( list ) -- count individual items in a list

  • Syntax: $COUNTITEMS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS($ABOVE())"}% returns Closed: 1, Open: 2 assuming one cell above the current cell contains Closed and two cells contain Open
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LIST()

COUNTSTR( list, str ) -- count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string

  • Count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string (if str is specified), or counts the number of non empty cells in a list
  • Syntax: $COUNTSTR( list, str )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE())"}% counts the number of non empty cells above the current cell
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE(), DONE)"}% counts the number of cells equal to DONE
  • Related: $COUNTITEMS(), $LIST()

DEF( list ) -- find first non-empty list item or cell

  • Returns the first list item or cell reference that is not empty
  • Syntax: $DEF( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$DEF(R1:C1..R1:C3)"}%
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LISTIF(), $LIST()

EVAL( formula ) -- evaluate a simple mathematical formula

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $EVAL( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EVAL( (5 * 3) / 2 + 1.1 )"}% returns 8.6
  • Related: $EXEC(), $INT(), $MOD(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

EVEN( num ) -- test for even number

EXACT( text1, text2 ) -- compare two text strings

  • Compares two text strings and returns 1 if they are exactly the same, or 0 if not
  • Syntax: $EXACT( text1, text2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, Foo)"}% returns 0
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, $LOWER(Foo))"}% returns 1
  • Related: $IF(), $TRIM()

EXEC( formula ) -- execute a spreadsheet formula

  • Execute a spreadsheet formula, typically retrieved from a variable. This can be used to store a formula in a variable once and execute it many times using different parameters.
  • Syntax: $EXEC( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(msg, $NOEXEC(Hi $GET(name)))"}% sets the msg variable with raw formula Hi $GET(name)
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(name, Tom) $EXEC($GET(msg))"}% executes content of msg variable and returns Hi Tom
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(name, Jerry) $EXEC($GET(msg))"}% returns Hi Jerry
  • Related: $EVAL(), $GET(), $NOEXEC(), $SET()

EXISTS( topic ) -- check if topic exists

  • Topic can be TopicName or a Web.TopicName
  • Syntax: $EXISTS( topic )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXISTS(WebHome)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXISTS(ThisDoesNotExist)"}% returns 0

FIND( string, text, start ) -- find one string within another string

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is case sensitive and is not a regular expression search; use $SEARCH() for regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched.
  • Syntax: $FIND( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy, 2)"}% returns 4
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(@, fluffy, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SEARCH()

FORMAT( type, prec, number ) -- format a number to a certain type and precision

  • Type can be COMMA for comma format, DOLLAR for Dollar format, KB for Kilo Byte format, MB for Mega Byte format, KBMB for Kilo/Mega/Giga/Tera Byte auto-adjust format, NUMBER for number, and PERCENT for percent format
  • Syntax: $FORMAT( type, prec, number )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(COMMA, 2, 12345.6789)"}% returns 12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(DOLLAR, 2, 12345.67)"}% returns $12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1205.63 KB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(MB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1.18 MB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KBMB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1.18 MB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KBMB, 2, 1234567890)"}% returns 1.15 GB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(NUMBER, 1, 12345.67)"}% returns 12345.7
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(PERCENT, 1, 0.1234567)"}% returns 12.3%
  • Related: $ROUND()

FORMATTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a date string

  • The following variables in text are expanded: $second (seconds, 00..59); $minute (minutes, 00..59); $hour (hours, 00..23); $day (day of month, 01..31); $month (month, 01..12); $mon (month in text format, Jan..Dec); $year (4 digit year, 1999); $ye (2 digit year, 99), $wd (day number of the week, 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, etc), $wday (day of the week, Sun..Sat), $weekday (day of the week, Sunday..Saturday), $yearday (day of the year, 1..365, or 1..366 in leap years). Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone.
  • Syntax: $FORMATTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATTIME(0, $year/$month/$day GMT)"}% returns 1970/01/01 GMT
  • Related: $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

FORMATGMTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a GMT date string

  • The date string represents the time in Greenwich time zone. Same variable expansion as in $FORMATTIME().
  • Syntax: $FORMATGMTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATGMTIME(1041379200, $day $mon $year)"}% returns 01 Jan 2003
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

GET( name ) -- get the value of a previously set variable

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores). An empty string is returned if the variable does not exist. Use $SET() to set a variable first. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables.
  • Syntax: $GET( name )
  • Example: %CALC{"$GET(my_total)"}% returns the value of the my_total variable
  • Related: $EXEC(), $NOEXEC(), $SET(), $SETM()

IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 ) -- return a value based on a condition

  • The condition can be a number (where 0 means condition not met), or two numbers with a comparison operator < (less than), <= (less than or equal), == (equal), != (not equal), >= (greater than or equal), > (greater than).
  • Syntax: $IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($T(R1:C5) > 1000, Over Budget, OK)"}% returns Over Budget if value in R1:C5 is over 1000, OK if not
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($EXACT($T(R1:C2),), empty, $T(R1:C2))"}% returns the content of R1:C2 or empty if empty
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(val, $IF($T(R1:C2) == 0, zero, $T(R1:C2)))"}% sets a variable conditionally
  • Related: $AND(), $EXACT(), $LISTIF(), $NOT(), $OR()

INT( formula ) -- evaluate formula and round down to nearest integer

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $INT( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$INT(10 / 4)"}% returns 2
  • Related: $EVAL(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

LEFT( ) -- address range of cells to the left of the current cell

  • Syntax: $LEFT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($LEFT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the left of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $RIGHT()

LENGTH( text ) -- length of text in bytes

  • Syntax: $LENGTH( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LENGTH(abcd)"}% returns 4
  • Related: $LISTSIZE()

LIST( range ) -- convert content of a cell range into a list

LISTIF( condition, list ) -- remove elements from a list that do not meet a condition

  • In addition to the condition described in $IF(), you can use $item to indicate the current element, and $index for the list index, starting at 1
  • Syntax: $LISTIF( condition, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($item > 12, 14, 7, 25)"}% returns 14, 25
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($NOT($EXACT($item,)), A, B, , E)"}% returns non-empty elements A, B, E
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($index > 2, A, B, C, D)"}% returns C, D
  • Related: $IF(), $LIST(), $LISTITEM(), $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SUM()

LISTITEM( index, list ) -- get one element of a list

LISTJOIN( separator, list ) -- convert a list into a string

  • By default, list items are separated by a comma and a space. Use this function to indicate a specific separator string, which may include $comma for comma, $n for newline, and $sp for space.
  • Syntax: $LISTJOIN( separator, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTJOIN($n, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns the four items separated by new lines
  • Related: $LIST(), $LISTSIZE()

LISTMAP( formula, list ) -- evaluate and update each element of a list

LISTREVERSE( list ) -- opposite order of a list

LISTSIZE( list ) -- number of elements in a list

LISTSORT( list ) -- sort a list

LISTUNIQUE( list ) -- remove all duplicates from a list

LOWER( text ) -- lower case string of a text

MAX( list ) - biggest value of a list or range of cells

MEDIAN( list ) -- median of a list or range of cells

MIN( list ) -- smallest value of a list or range of cells

MOD( num, divisor ) -- reminder after dividing num by divisor

  • Syntax: $MOD( num, divisor )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MOD(7, 3)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $EVAL()

NOEXEC( formula ) -- do not execute a spreadsheet formula

  • Prevent a formula from getting executed. This is typically used to store a raw formula in a variable for later use as described in $EXEC().
  • Syntax: $NOEXEC( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(msg, $NOEXEC(Hi $GET(name)))"}% sets the msg variable with the formula Hi $GET(name) without executing it
  • Related: $EVAL(), $EXEC(), $GET(), $SET()

NOP( text ) -- no-operation

  • Useful to change the order of Plugin execution. For example, it allows preprossing to be done before %SEARCH{}% is evaluated. The percent character '%' can be escaped with $per
  • Syntax: $NOP( text )

NOT( num ) -- reverse logic of a number

  • Returns 0 if num is not zero, 1 if zero
  • Syntax: $NOT( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$NOT(0)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $OR()

ODD( num ) -- test for odd number

OR( list ) -- logcial OR of a list

  • Syntax: $OR( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$OR(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $NOT()

PERCENTILE( num, list ) -- percentile of a list or range of cells

  • Calculates the num-th percentile, useful to establish a threshold of acceptance. num is the percentile value, range 0..100
  • Syntax: $PERCENTILE( num, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$PERCENTILE(75, 400, 200, 500, 100, 300)"}% returns 450
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

PRODUCT( list ) -- product of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $PRODUCT( list )
  • Example: To calculate the product of the cells to the left of the current one use %CALC{"$PRODUCT($LEFT())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM(), $SUMPRODUCT()

PROPER( text ) -- properly capitalize text

  • Capitalize letters that follow any character other than a letter; convert all other letters to lowercase letters
  • Syntax: $PROPER( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(a small STEP)"}% returns A Small Step
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(f1 (formula-1))"}% returns F1 (Formula-1)
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

PROPERSPACE( text ) -- properly space out WikiWords

  • Properly spaces out WikiWords preceeded by white space, parenthesis, or ][. Words listed in the DONTSPACE TWikiPreferences variable or DONTSPACE Plugins setting are excluded
  • Syntax: $PROPERSPACE( text )
  • Example: Assuming DONTSPACE contains MacDonald: %CALC{"$PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPER(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

RAND( max ) -- random number

  • Random number, evenly distributed between 0 and max, or 0 and 1 if max is not specified
  • Syntax: $RAND( max )
  • Related: $EVAL()

REPEAT(text) -- repeat text a number of times

  • Syntax: $REPEAT( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPEAT(/\, 5)"}% returns /\/\/\/\/\

REPLACE( text, start, num, new ) -- replace part of a text string

  • Replace num number of characters of text string text, starting at start, with new text new. Starting position is 1; use a negative start to count from the end of the text
  • Syntax: $REPLACE( text, start, num, new )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPLACE(abcdefghijk,6,5,*)"}% returns abcde*k
  • Related: $FIND(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), $TRANSLATE()

RIGHT( ) -- address range of cells to the right of the current cell

  • Syntax: $RIGHT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($RIGHT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the right of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $LEFT()

ROUND( formula, digits ) -- round a number

  • Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result up or down to the number of digits if digits is positive; to the nearest integer if digits is missing; or to the left of the decimal point if digits is negative
  • Syntax: $ROUND( formula, digits )
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.15, 1)"}% returns 3.2
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.149, 1)"}% returns 3.1
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(-2.475, 2)"}% returns -2.48
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(34.9, -1)"}% returns 30
  • Related: $INT(), $FORMAT()

ROW( offset ) -- current row number

  • The current table row number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $ROW( offset )
  • Example: To get the number of rows excluding table heading (first row) and summary row (last row you are in), write: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}%
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $T()

SEARCH( string, text, start ) -- search a string within a text

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is a RegularExpression search; use $FIND() for non-regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched
  • Syntax: $SEARCH( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy)"}% returns 3
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy, 3)"}% returns 6
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([abc], fluffy,)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $FIND(), $REPLACE()

SET( name, value ) -- set a variable for later use

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulae are evaluated before the variable assignment; see $NOEXEC() if you want to prevent that. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables and also included topics
  • Syntax: $SET( name, value )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(my_total, $SUM($ABOVE()))"}% sets the my_total variable to the sum of all table cells located above the current cell and returns an empty string
  • Related: $EXEC(), $GET(), $NOEXEC(), SETM()

SETM( name, formula ) -- update an existing variable based on a formula

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the formula. The formula must start with an operator to + (add), - (subtract), * (multiply), or / (divide) something to the variable. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables
  • Syntax: $SETM( name, formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SETM(total, + $SUM($LEFT()))"}% adds the sum of all table cells on the left to the total variable, and returns an empty string
  • Related: $GET(), $SET()

SIGN( num ) -- sign of a number

SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option ) -- substitute text

  • Substitutes new text for old text in a text string. instance specifies which occurance of old you want to replace. If you specify instance, only that instance is replaced. Otherwise, every occurance is changed to the new text. A literal search is performed by default; a RegularExpression search if the option is set to r
  • Syntax: $SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Good morning, morning, day)"}% returns Good day
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3)"}% returns Q3-3003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3,3)"}% returns Q2-2003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(abc123def,[0-9],9,,r)"}% returns abc999def
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $TRANSLATE()

SUM( list ) -- sum of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $SUM( list )
  • Example: To sum up column 5 excluding the title row, write %CALC{"$SUM(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% in the last row; or simply %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUMPRODUCT(), $WORKINGDAYS()

SUMDAYS( list ) -- sum the days in a list or range of cells

  • The total number of days in a list or range of cells containing numbers of hours, days or weeks. The default unit is days; units are indicated by a h, hours, d, days, w, weeks suffix. One week is assumed to have 5 working days, one day 8 hours
  • Syntax: $SUMDAYS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMDAYS(2w, 1, 2d, 4h)"}% returns 13.5, the evaluation of (2*5 + 1 + 2 + 4/8)
  • Related: $SUM(), $TIME(), $FORMATTIME()

SUMPRODUCT( list, list ) -- scalar product on ranges of cells

  • Syntax: $SUMPRODUCT( list, list, list... )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMPRODUCT(R2:C1..R4:C1, R2:C5..R4:C5)"}% evaluates and returns the result of ($T(R2:C1) * $T(R2:C5) + $T(R3:C1) * $T(R3:C5) + $T(R4:C1) * $T(R4:C5))
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM()

T( address ) -- content of a cell

  • Syntax: $T( address )
  • Example: %CALC{"$T(R1:C5)"}% returns the text in cell R1:C5
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $ROW()

TRANSLATE( text, from, to ) -- translate text from one set of characters to another

  • The translation is done from a set to a set, one character by one. The text may contain commas; all three parameters are required. In the from and to parameters you can write $comma to escape comma, $sp to escape space
  • Syntax: $TRANSLATE( text, from, to )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(boom,bm,cl)"}% returns cool
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(one, two,$comma,;)"}% returns one; two
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SUBSTITUTE()

TIME( text ) -- convert a date string into a serialized date number

  • Serialized date is seconds since the Epoch, e.g. midnight, 01 Jan 1970. Current time is taken if the date string is empty. Supported date formats: 31 Dec 2009; 31 Dec 2009 GMT; 31 Dec 09; 31-Dec-2009; 31/Dec/2009; 2009/12/31; 2009-12-31; 2009/12/31; 2009/12/31 23:59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59; 2009-12-31-23-59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59:59; 2009.12.31.23.59.59. Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone
  • Syntax: $TIME( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIME(2003/10/14 GMT)"}% returns 1066089600
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY(), $WORKINGDAYS()

TIMEADD( serial, value, unit ) -- add a value to a serialized date

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year. Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations
  • Syntax: $TIMEADD( serial, value, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEADD($TIME(), 2, week)"}% returns the serialized date two weeks from now
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit ) -- time difference between two serialized dates

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be specified as in $TIMEADD(). Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. Use $FORMAT() or $INT() to format real numbers
  • Syntax: $TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEDIFF($TIME(), $EVAL($TIME()+90), minute)"}% returns 1.5
  • Related: $FORMAT(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $INT(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TODAY(), $WORKINGDAYS()

TODAY( ) -- serialized date of today at midnight GMT

  • In contrast, the related $TIME() returns the serialized date of today at the current time, e.g. it includes the number of seconds since midnight GMT
  • Syntax: $TODAY( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TODAY()"}% returns the number of seconds since Epoch
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF()

TRIM( text ) -- trim spaces from text

  • Removes all spaces from text except for single spaces between words
  • Syntax: $TRIM( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRIM( eat  spaces  )"}% returns eat spaces
  • Related: $EXACT(), $PROPERSPACE()

UPPER( text ) -- upper case string of a text

VALUE( text ) -- convert text to number

  • Extracts a number from text. Returns 0 if not found
  • Syntax: $VALUE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(US$1,200)"}% returns 1200
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(PrjNotebook1234)"}% returns 1234
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(Total: -12.5)"}% returns -12.5
  • Related: $EVAL(), $INT()

WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 ) -- working days between two serialized dates

  • Working days are Monday through Friday (sorry, Israel!)
  • Syntax: $WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$WORKINGDAYS($TIME(2004/07/15), $TIME(2004/08/03))"}% returns 13
  • Related: $SUMDAYS(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF()

Bug Tracking Example

Bug#: Priority: Subject: Status: Days to fix
Bug:1231 Low File Open ... Open 3
Bug:1232 High Memory Window ... Fixed 2
Bug:1233 Medium Usability issue ... Assigned 5
Bug:1234 High No arrange ... Fixed 1
Total: 4 High: 2
Low: 1
Medium: 1
. Assigned: 1
Fixed: 2
Open: 1
Total: 11

The last row is defined as:

| Total: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}% \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% | . \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% \ 
  |  Total: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% |

Above table is created manually. Another Plugin could build the table dynamically, e.g. by pulling data out of a bug tracking system. The Spreadsheet Plugin can be used to display table data statistics.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, i.e. %SPREADSHEETPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%

  • One line description, is shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Add spreadsheet calculation like "$SUM( $ABOVE() )" to tables located in KoreaCmsWiki? topics.

  • Debug plugin: (See output in data/debug.txt)
    • Set DEBUG = 0

  • Do not handle %CALC{}% variable in included topic while including topic: (default: 1)
    • Set SKIPINCLUDE = 1

  • WikiWords to exclude from being spaced out by the $PROPERSPACE(text) function. This comma delimited list can be overloaded by a DONTSPACE preferences variable:
    • Set DONTSPACE = CodeWarrior, MacDonald, McIntosh, RedHat, SuSE

Plugin Installation Instructions

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. Below installation instructions are for the administrator who needs to install this plugin on the TWiki server.

  • Download the ZIP file from the SpreadSheetPlugin home
  • Unzip SpreadSheetPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt Plugin topic
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt,v Plugin topic repository
    lib/TWiki/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
  • (Dakar) Visit configure in your TWiki installation, and enable the plugin in the {Plugins} section.
  • Test if the "Total" in the first table in this topic is correct.

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny
Plugin Version: 17 Jun 2005 (1.018)
Change History:
<-- specify latest version first -->
 
17 Jun 2005: Added $NOEXEC(), $EXEC()
25 Mar 2005: Fixed evaluation bug when using SpeedyCGI accelerator; code refactor to load module only when needed, contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
24 Oct 2004: Added $EXISTS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/RodrigoChandia; added $PERCENTILE()
18 Oct 2004: Added $LISTJOIN()
26 Sep 2004: Added $FORMAT(KB), $FORMAT(MB), contributed by TWiki:Main/ArthurClemens; added $FORMAT(KBMB), $EVEN(), $ODD()
17 Jul 2004: Added $WORKINGDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
24 May 2004: Refactored documentation (no code changes)
03 Apr 2004: Added $ABS(), $LISTIF(); fixed $VALUE() to remove leading zeros; changed $FIND() and $SEARCH() to return 0 instead of empty string if no match
21 Mar 2004: Added $LISTITEM(); fixed call to unofficial function
16 Mar 2004: Added $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SETM(); retired $COUNTUNIQUE() in favor of $COUNTITEMS($LISTUNIQUE()); fixed evaluation order issue of $IF(); fixed missing eval error messages suppressed since version 06 Mar 2004; redirect stderr messages to warning
08 Mar 2004: Added $LIST()
06 Mar 2004: Added $AND(), $MOD(), $NOT(), $OR(), $PRODUCT(), $PROPER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $RAND(), $REPEAT(), $SIGN(), $VALUE(); added digits parameter to $ROUND(); renamed $MULT() to $PRODUCT(); $MULT() is deprecated and undocumented
27 Feb 2004: Added $COUNTUNIQUE()
24 Oct 2003: Added $SET(), $GET(), $MEDIAN(); added $SUMPRODUCT(), inspired by TWiki:Main/RobertWithrow; added $SUMDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/SvenDowideit
21 Oct 2003: Added support for lists (1, 2, 3) and lists of table ranges (R1:C1..R1:C5, R3:C1..R3:C5) for all functions that accept a table range; added $TIMEADD(); in $TIMEDIFF() added week unit; in $FORMATTIME() changed $weekday to $wd and added $wday and $weekday
14 Oct 2003: Added $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF()
13 Oct 2003: Added $MULT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/GerritJanBaarda
30 Jul 2003: Added $TRANSLATE()
19 Jul 2003: Added $FIND(), $NOP(), $REPLACE(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), contributed by TWiki:Main/PaulineCheung
19 Apr 2003: Added $COUNTSTR(), $EXACT(), $IF(), $ROUND(), $TRIM(); added $FORMAT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/JimStraus; support % modulus operator in $EVAL(), $INT(), and $ROUND(); fixed bug in $DEF()
07 Jun 2002: Added $DEF(), contributed by TWiki:Main/MartinFuzzey; allow values with HTML formatting like <u>102</u>, suggested by TWiki:Main/GladeDiviney; added SKIPINCLUDE setting
12 Mar 2002: Support for multiple functions per nesting level
15 Jan 2002: Added $CHAR(), $CODE() and $LENGTH()
12 Nov 2001: Added $RIGHT()
12 Aug 2001: Fixed bug of disappearing multi-column cells
19 Jul 2001: Fixed incorrect $SUM() calculation of cell with value 0
14 Jul 2001: Changed to plug & play
01 Jun 2001: Fixed insecure dependencies for $MIN() and $MAX()
16 Apr 2001: Fixed div by 0 bug in $AVERAGE()
17 Mar 2001: Initial version with $ABOVE(), $AVERAGE(), $COLUMN(), $COUNTITEMS(), $EVAL(), $INT(), $LEFT(), $LOWER(), $MAX(), $MIN(), $ROW(), $SUM(), $T(), $UPPER()
CPAN Dependencies: none
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 99%, FormattedSearch 99%, SpreadSheetPlugin 95%
Other Dependencies: none
Perl Version: 5.000 and up
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginDev

Related Topics: TWikiPreferences, TWikiPlugins

-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 17 Jun 2005

Revision 112005-06-27 - PeterThoeny?

 

TWiki Spreadsheet Plugin

Changed:
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This Plugin adds speadsheet capabilities to KoreaCmsWiki? topics. Formulae like %CALC{"$INT(7/3)"}% are evaluated at page view time. They can be placed in table cells and outside of tables. In other words, this Plugin provides general formula evaluation capability, not just classic spreadsheet functions.
>
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This Plugin adds spreadsheet capabilities to KoreaCmsWiki? topics. Formulae like %CALC{"$INT(7/3)"}% are evaluated at page view time. They can be placed in table cells and outside of tables. In other words, this Plugin provides general formula evaluation capability, not just classic spreadsheet functions.
 
Example:

Region: Sales:
Northeast 320
Northwest 580
South 240
Europe 610
Asia 220
Total: 1970

      Interactive example:

Formula: %CALC{""}%  
Result:     TWiki Guest

The formula next to "Total" is %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%.
(you see the formula instead of the sum in case the Plugin is not installed or not enabled.)

Syntax Rules

The action of this Plugin is triggered by the %CALC{"..."}% variable, which gets rendered according to the built-in function(s) found between the quotes.

  • Built-in function are of format $FUNCNAME(parameter)
  • Functions may be nested, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN(0)..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN(0) )"}%
  • Functions are evaluated from left to right, and from inside to outside if nested
  • The function parameter can be text; a mathematical formula; a cell address; or a range of cell addresses
  • Multiple parameters form a list; they are separated by a comma, followed by optional space, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, 7 )"}%
  • A table cell can be addressed as R1:C1. Table address matrix:
    R1:C1 R1:C2 R1:C3 R1:C4
    R2:C1 R2:C2 R2:C3 R2:C4
  • A table cell range is defined by two cell addresses separated by "..", e.g. "row 1 through 20, column 3" is: R1:C3..R20:C3
  • Lists can refer to values and/or table cell ranges, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, $T(R1:C7), R1:C11..R1:C15 )"}%
  • Formulae can only reference cells in the current or preceeding row of the current table; they may not reference cells below the current table row
  • Formulae can also be placed outside of tables; they can reference cells in the preceeding table

Built-in Functions

Conventions for Syntax:

  • Required parameters are indicated in ( bold )
  • Optional parameters are indicated in ( bold italic )

ABOVE( ) -- address range of cells above the current cell

  • Syntax: $ABOVE( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}% returns the sum of cells above the current cell
  • Related: $LEFT(), $RIGHT()

ABS( num ) -- absolute value of a number

  • Syntax: $ABS( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$ABS(-12.5)"}% returns 12.5
Changed:
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AND( list ) -- logcial AND of a list

  • Syntax: $AND( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AND(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $NOT(), $IF(), $OR()

AVERAGE( list ) -- average of a list or a range of cells

  • Syntax: $AVERAGE( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AVERAGE(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% returns the average of column 5, excluding the title row
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

CHAR( number ) -- ASCII character represented by number

  • Syntax: $CHAR( number )
  • Example: Example: %CALC{"$CHAR(97)"}% returns a
  • Related: $CODE()

CODE( text ) -- ASCII numeric value of character

  • The ASCII numeric value of the first character in text
  • Syntax: $CODE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$CODE(abc)"}% returns 97
  • Related: $CHAR()

COLUMN( offset ) -- current column number

  • The current table column number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $COLUMN( offset )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COLUMN()"}% returns 2 for the second column
  • Related: $ROW(), $T()

COUNTITEMS( list ) -- count individual items in a list

  • Syntax: $COUNTITEMS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS($ABOVE())"}% returns Closed: 1, Open: 2 assuming one cell above the current cell contains Closed and two cells contain Open
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LIST()

COUNTSTR( list, str ) -- count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string

  • Count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string (if str is specified), or counts the number of non empty cells in a list
  • Syntax: $COUNTSTR( list, str )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE())"}% counts the number of non empty cells above the current cell
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE(), DONE)"}% counts the number of cells equal to DONE
  • Related: $COUNTITEMS(), $LIST()

DEF( list ) -- find first non-empty list item or cell

  • Returns the first list item or cell reference that is not empty
  • Syntax: $DEF( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$DEF(R1:C1..R1:C3)"}%
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LISTIF(), $LIST()

Changed:
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EVAL( formula ) -- evaluate a simple formula

>
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EVAL( formula ) -- evaluate a simple mathematical formula

 
  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $EVAL( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EVAL( (5 * 3) / 2 + 1.1 )"}% returns 8.6
Changed:
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Added:
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EVEN( num ) -- test for even number

 

EXACT( text1, text2 ) -- compare two text strings

  • Compares two text strings and returns 1 if they are exactly the same, or 0 if not
  • Syntax: $EXACT( text1, text2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, Foo)"}% returns 0
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, $LOWER(Foo))"}% returns 1
  • Related: $IF(), $TRIM()
Added:
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EXEC( formula ) -- execute a spreadsheet formula

  • Execute a spreadsheet formula, typically retrieved from a variable. This can be used to store a formula in a variable once and execute it many times using different parameters.
  • Syntax: $EXEC( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(msg, $NOEXEC(Hi $GET(name)))"}% sets the msg variable with raw formula Hi $GET(name)
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(name, Tom) $EXEC($GET(msg))"}% executes content of msg variable and returns Hi Tom
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(name, Jerry) $EXEC($GET(msg))"}% returns Hi Jerry
  • Related: $EVAL(), $GET(), $NOEXEC(), $SET()

EXISTS( topic ) -- check if topic exists

  • Topic can be TopicName or a Web.TopicName
  • Syntax: $EXISTS( topic )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXISTS(WebHome)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXISTS(ThisDoesNotExist)"}% returns 0
 

FIND( string, text, start ) -- find one string within another string

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is case sensitive and is not a regular expression search; use $SEARCH() for regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched.
  • Syntax: $FIND( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy, 2)"}% returns 4
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(@, fluffy, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SEARCH()

FORMAT( type, prec, number ) -- format a number to a certain type and precision

Changed:
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  • Type can be COMMA for comma format, DOLLAR for Dollar format, NUMBER for number, and PERCENT for percent format
>
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  • Type can be COMMA for comma format, DOLLAR for Dollar format, KB for Kilo Byte format, MB for Mega Byte format, KBMB for Kilo/Mega/Giga/Tera Byte auto-adjust format, NUMBER for number, and PERCENT for percent format
 
  • Syntax: $FORMAT( type, prec, number )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(COMMA, 2, 12345.6789)"}% returns 12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(DOLLAR, 2, 12345.67)"}% returns $12,345.68
Added:
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  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1205.63 KB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(MB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1.18 MB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KBMB, 2, 1234567)"}% returns 1.18 MB
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(KBMB, 2, 1234567890)"}% returns 1.15 GB
 
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(NUMBER, 1, 12345.67)"}% returns 12345.7
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(PERCENT, 1, 0.1234567)"}% returns 12.3%
  • Related: $ROUND()

FORMATTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a date string

  • The following variables in text are expanded: $second (seconds, 00..59); $minute (minutes, 00..59); $hour (hours, 00..23); $day (day of month, 01..31); $month (month, 01..12); $mon (month in text format, Jan..Dec); $year (4 digit year, 1999); $ye (2 digit year, 99), $wd (day number of the week, 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, etc), $wday (day of the week, Sun..Sat), $weekday (day of the week, Sunday..Saturday), $yearday (day of the year, 1..365, or 1..366 in leap years). Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone.
  • Syntax: $FORMATTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATTIME(0, $year/$month/$day GMT)"}% returns 1970/01/01 GMT
  • Related: $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

FORMATGMTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a GMT date string

  • The date string represents the time in Greenwich time zone. Same variable expansion as in $FORMATTIME().
  • Syntax: $FORMATGMTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATGMTIME(1041379200, $day $mon $year)"}% returns 01 Jan 2003
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

GET( name ) -- get the value of a previously set variable

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores). An empty string is returned if the variable does not exist. Use $SET() to set a variable first. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables.
  • Syntax: $GET( name )
  • Example: %CALC{"$GET(my_total)"}% returns the value of the my_total variable
Changed:
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IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 ) -- return a value based on a condition

  • The condition can be a number (where 0 means condition not met), or two numbers with a comparison operator < (less than), <= (less than or equal), == (equal), != (not equal), >= (greater than or equal), > (greater than).
  • Syntax: $IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($T(R1:C5) > 1000, Over Budget, OK)"}% returns Over Budget if value in R1:C5 is over 1000, OK if not
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($EXACT($T(R1:C2),), empty, $T(R1:C2))"}% returns the content of R1:C2 or empty if empty
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(val, $IF($T(R1:C2) == 0, zero, $T(R1:C2)))"}% sets a variable conditionally
  • Related: $AND(), $EXACT(), $LISTIF(), $NOT(), $OR()

INT( formula ) -- evaluate formula and round down to nearest integer

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $INT( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$INT(10 / 4)"}% returns 2
  • Related: $EVAL(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

LEFT( ) -- address range of cells to the left of the current cell

  • Syntax: $LEFT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($LEFT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the left of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $RIGHT()

LENGTH( text ) -- length of text in bytes

  • Syntax: $LENGTH( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LENGTH(abcd)"}% returns 4
  • Related: $LISTSIZE()

LIST( range ) -- convert content of a cell range into a list

  • Convert the content of a range of cells into a flat list, delimited by comma. Cells containing commas are merged into the list
  • Syntax: $LIST( range )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LIST($LEFT())"}% returns Apples, Lemons, Oranges, Kiwis assuming the cells to the left contain | Apples | Lemons, Oranges | Kiwis |
Changed:
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LISTIF( condition, list ) -- remove elements from a list that do not meet a condition

  • In addition to the condition described in $IF(), you can use $item to indicate the current element, and $index for the list index, starting at 1
  • Syntax: $LISTIF( condition, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($item > 12, 14, 7, 25)"}% returns 14, 25
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($NOT($EXACT($item,)), A, B, , E)"}% returns non-empty elements A, B, E
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($index > 2, A, B, C, D)"}% returns C, D
  • Related: $IF(), $LIST(), $LISTITEM(), $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SUM()

LISTITEM( index, list ) -- get one element of a list

Added:
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LISTJOIN( separator, list ) -- convert a list into a string

  • By default, list items are separated by a comma and a space. Use this function to indicate a specific separator string, which may include $comma for comma, $n for newline, and $sp for space.
  • Syntax: $LISTJOIN( separator, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTJOIN($n, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns the four items separated by new lines
  • Related: $LIST(), $LISTSIZE()
 

LISTMAP( formula, list ) -- evaluate and update each element of a list

LISTREVERSE( list ) -- opposite order of a list

LISTSIZE( list ) -- number of elements in a list

  • Syntax: $LISTSIZE( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTSIZE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns 4
Changed:
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LISTSORT( list ) -- sort a list

LISTUNIQUE( list ) -- remove all duplicates from a list

LOWER( text ) -- lower case string of a text

MAX( list ) - biggest value of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $MAX( list )
  • Example: To find the biggest number to the left of the current cell, write: %CALC{"$MAX($LEFT())"}%
Changed:
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MEDIAN( list ) -- median of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $MEDIAN( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MEDIAN(3, 9, 4, 5)"}% returns 4.5
Changed:
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MIN( list ) -- smallest value of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $MIN( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MIN(15, 3, 28)"}% returns 3
Changed:
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MOD( num, divisor ) -- reminder after dividing num by divisor

  • Syntax: $MOD( num, divisor )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MOD(7, 3)"}% returns 1
Changed:
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Added:
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NOEXEC( formula ) -- do not execute a spreadsheet formula

  • Prevent a formula from getting executed. This is typically used to store a raw formula in a variable for later use as described in $EXEC().
  • Syntax: $NOEXEC( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(msg, $NOEXEC(Hi $GET(name)))"}% sets the msg variable with the formula Hi $GET(name) without executing it
  • Related: $EVAL(), $EXEC(), $GET(), $SET()
 

NOP( text ) -- no-operation

  • Useful to change the order of Plugin execution. For example, it allows preprossing to be done before %SEARCH{}% is evaluated. The percent character '%' can be escaped with $per
  • Syntax: $NOP( text )

NOT( num ) -- reverse logic of a number

  • Returns 0 if num is not zero, 1 if zero
  • Syntax: $NOT( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$NOT(0)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $OR()
Added:
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ODD( num ) -- test for odd number

 

OR( list ) -- logcial OR of a list

  • Syntax: $OR( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$OR(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $NOT()
Added:
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PERCENTILE( num, list ) -- percentile of a list or range of cells

  • Calculates the num-th percentile, useful to establish a threshold of acceptance. num is the percentile value, range 0..100
  • Syntax: $PERCENTILE( num, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$PERCENTILE(75, 400, 200, 500, 100, 300)"}% returns 450
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()
 

PRODUCT( list ) -- product of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $PRODUCT( list )
  • Example: To calculate the product of the cells to the left of the current one use %CALC{"$PRODUCT($LEFT())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM(), $SUMPRODUCT()

Changed:
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PROPER( text ) -- properly capitalize trxt

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PROPER( text ) -- properly capitalize text

 
  • Capitalize letters that follow any character other than a letter; convert all other letters to lowercase letters
  • Syntax: $PROPER( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(a small STEP)"}% returns A Small Step
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(f1 (formula-1))"}% returns F1 (Formula-1)
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

PROPERSPACE( text ) -- properly space out WikiWords

  • Properly spaces out WikiWords preceeded by white space, parenthesis, or ][. Words listed in the DONTSPACE TWikiPreferences variable or DONTSPACE Plugins setting are excluded
  • Syntax: $PROPERSPACE( text )
Changed:
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  • Example: Assuming DONTSPACE contains MacDonald: %CALC{"PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
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  • Example: Assuming DONTSPACE contains MacDonald: %CALC{"$PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
 

RAND( max ) -- random number

  • Random number, evenly distributed between 0 and max, or 0 and 1 if max is not specified
  • Syntax: $RAND( max )
  • Related: $EVAL()

REPEAT(text) -- repeat text a number of times

  • Syntax: $REPEAT( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPEAT(/\, 5)"}% returns /\/\/\/\/\

REPLACE( text, start, num, new ) -- replace part of a text string

  • Replace num number of characters of text string text, starting at start, with new text new. Starting position is 1; use a negative start to count from the end of the text
  • Syntax: $REPLACE( text, start, num, new )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPLACE(abcdefghijk,6,5,*)"}% returns abcde*k
  • Related: $FIND(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), $TRANSLATE()

RIGHT( ) -- address range of cells to the right of the current cell

  • Syntax: $RIGHT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($RIGHT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the right of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $LEFT()

ROUND( formula, digits ) -- round a number

  • Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result up or down to the number of digits if digits is positive; to the nearest integer if digits is missing; or to the left of the decimal point if digits is negative
  • Syntax: $ROUND( formula, digits )
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.15, 1)"}% returns 3.2
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.149, 1)"}% returns 3.1
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(-2.475, 2)"}% returns -2.48
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(34.9, -1)"}% returns 30
  • Related: $INT(), $FORMAT()

ROW( offset ) -- current row number

  • The current table row number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $ROW( offset )
  • Example: To get the number of rows excluding table heading (first row) and summary row (last row you are in), write: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}%
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $T()

SEARCH( string, text, start ) -- search a string within a text

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is a RegularExpression search; use $FIND() for non-regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched
  • Syntax: $SEARCH( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy)"}% returns 3
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy, 3)"}% returns 6
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([abc], fluffy,)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $FIND(), $REPLACE()

SET( name, value ) -- set a variable for later use

Changed:
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  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulas are evaluated before the variable assignment. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables
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  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulae are evaluated before the variable assignment; see $NOEXEC() if you want to prevent that. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables and also included topics
 
  • Syntax: $SET( name, value )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(my_total, $SUM($ABOVE()))"}% sets the my_total variable to the sum of all table cells located above the current cell and returns an empty string
Changed:
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SETM( name, formula ) -- update an existing variable based on a formula

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the formula. The formula must start with an operator to + (add), - (subtract), * (multiply), or / (divide) something to the variable. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables
  • Syntax: $SETM( name, formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SETM(total, + $SUM($LEFT()))"}% adds the sum of all table cells on the left to the total variable, and returns an empty string
  • Related: $GET(), $SET()

SIGN( num ) -- sign of a number

  • Returns -1 if num is negative, 0 if zero, or 1 if positive
  • Syntax: $SIGN( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SIGN(-12.5)"}% returns -1
Changed:
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SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option ) -- substitute text

  • Substitutes new text for old text in a text string. instance specifies which occurance of old you want to replace. If you specify instance, only that instance is replaced. Otherwise, every occurance is changed to the new text. A literal search is performed by default; a RegularExpression search if the option is set to r
  • Syntax: $SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Good morning, morning, day)"}% returns Good day
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3)"}% returns Q3-3003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3,3)"}% returns Q2-2003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(abc123def,[0-9],9,,r)"}% returns abc999def
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $TRANSLATE()

SUM( list ) -- sum of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $SUM( list )
  • Example: To sum up column 5 excluding the title row, write %CALC{"$SUM(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% in the last row; or simply %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUMPRODUCT(), $WORKINGDAYS()

SUMDAYS( list ) -- sum the days in a list or range of cells

  • The total number of days in a list or range of cells containing numbers of hours, days or weeks. The default unit is days; units are indicated by a h, hours, d, days, w, weeks suffix. One week is assumed to have 5 working days, one day 8 hours
  • Syntax: $SUMDAYS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMDAYS(2w, 1, 2d, 4h)"}% returns 13.5, the evaluation of (2*5 + 1 + 2 + 4/8)
  • Related: $SUM(), $TIME(), $FORMATTIME()

SUMPRODUCT( list, list ) -- scalar product on ranges of cells

  • Syntax: $SUMPRODUCT( list, list, list... )
Changed:
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  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM(R2:C1..R4:C1, R2:C5..R4:C5)"}% evaluates and returns the result of ($T(R2:C1) * $T(R2:C5) + $T(R3:C1) * $T(R3:C5) + $T(R4:C1) * $T(R4:C5))
>
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  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMPRODUCT(R2:C1..R4:C1, R2:C5..R4:C5)"}% evaluates and returns the result of ($T(R2:C1) * $T(R2:C5) + $T(R3:C1) * $T(R3:C5) + $T(R4:C1) * $T(R4:C5))
 

T( address ) -- content of a cell

  • Syntax: $T( address )
  • Example: %CALC{"$T(R1:C5)"}% returns the text in cell R1:C5
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $ROW()

TRANSLATE( text, from, to ) -- translate text from one set of characters to another

  • The translation is done from a set to a set, one character by one. The text may contain commas; all three parameters are required. In the from and to parameters you can write $comma to escape comma, $sp to escape space
  • Syntax: $TRANSLATE( text, from, to )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(boom,bm,cl)"}% returns cool
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(one, two,$comma,;)"}% returns one; two
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SUBSTITUTE()

TIME( text ) -- convert a date string into a serialized date number

  • Serialized date is seconds since the Epoch, e.g. midnight, 01 Jan 1970. Current time is taken if the date string is empty. Supported date formats: 31 Dec 2009; 31 Dec 2009 GMT; 31 Dec 09; 31-Dec-2009; 31/Dec/2009; 2009/12/31; 2009-12-31; 2009/12/31; 2009/12/31 23:59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59; 2009-12-31-23-59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59:59; 2009.12.31.23.59.59. Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone
  • Syntax: $TIME( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIME(2003/10/14 GMT)"}% returns 1066089600
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY(), $WORKINGDAYS()

TIMEADD( serial, value, unit ) -- add a value to a serialized date

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year. Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations
  • Syntax: $TIMEADD( serial, value, unit )
Changed:
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  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEADD($TIME(), 2, week)"}%
>
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  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEADD($TIME(), 2, week)"}% returns the serialized date two weeks from now
Deleted:
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  • Related: $(), $() returns the serialized date two weeks from now
 

TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit ) -- time difference between two serialized dates

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be specified as in $TIMEADD(). Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. Use $FORMAT() or $INT() to format real numbers
  • Syntax: $TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEDIFF($TIME(), $EVAL($TIME()+90), minute)"}% returns 1.5
  • Related: $FORMAT(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $INT(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TODAY(), $WORKINGDAYS()

TODAY( ) -- serialized date of today at midnight GMT

  • In contrast, the related $TIME() returns the serialized date of today at the current time, e.g. it includes the number of seconds since midnight GMT
  • Syntax: $TODAY( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TODAY()"}% returns the number of seconds since Epoch
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF()

TRIM( text ) -- trim spaces from text

  • Removes all spaces from text except for single spaces between words
  • Syntax: $TRIM( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRIM( eat  spaces  )"}% returns eat spaces
  • Related: $EXACT(), $PROPERSPACE()

UPPER( text ) -- upper case string of a text

VALUE( text ) -- convert text to number

  • Extracts a number from text. Returns 0 if not found
  • Syntax: $VALUE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(US$1,200)"}% returns 1200
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(PrjNotebook1234)"}% returns 1234
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(Total: -12.5)"}% returns -12.5
  • Related: $EVAL(), $INT()

WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 ) -- working days between two serialized dates

  • Working days are Monday through Friday (sorry, Israel!)
  • Syntax: $WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$WORKINGDAYS($TIME(2004/07/15), $TIME(2004/08/03))"}% returns 13
  • Related: $SUMDAYS(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF()

Bug Tracking Example

Bug#: Priority: Subject: Status: Days to fix
Bug:1231 Low File Open ... Open 3
Bug:1232 High Memory Window ... Fixed 2
Bug:1233 Medium Usability issue ... Assigned 5
Bug:1234 High No arrange ... Fixed 1
Total: 4 High: 2
Low: 1
Medium: 1
. Assigned: 1
Fixed: 2
Open: 1
Total: 11

The last row is defined as:

| Total: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}% \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% | . \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% \ 
  |  Total: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% |

Above table is created manually. Another Plugin could build the table dynamically, e.g. by pulling data out of a bug tracking system. The Spreadsheet Plugin can be used to display table data statistics.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, i.e. %SPREADSHEETPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%

  • One line description, is shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Add spreadsheet calculation like "$SUM( $ABOVE() )" to tables located in KoreaCmsWiki? topics.

  • Debug plugin: (See output in data/debug.txt)
    • Set DEBUG = 0
Changed:
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  • Do not handle %CALC{}% tag in included topic while including topic: (default: 1)
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  • Do not handle %CALC{}% variable in included topic while including topic: (default: 1)
 
    • Set SKIPINCLUDE = 1

  • WikiWords to exclude from being spaced out by the $PROPERSPACE(text) function. This comma delimited list can be overloaded by a DONTSPACE preferences variable:
    • Set DONTSPACE = CodeWarrior, MacDonald, McIntosh, RedHat, SuSE

Plugin Installation Instructions

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. Below installation instructions are for the administrator who needs to install this plugin on the TWiki server.

  • Download the ZIP file from the SpreadSheetPlugin home
  • Unzip SpreadSheetPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt Plugin topic
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt,v Plugin topic repository
    lib/TWiki/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
Added:
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  • (Dakar) Visit configure in your TWiki installation, and enable the plugin in the {Plugins} section.
 
  • Test if the "Total" in the first table in this topic is correct.

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny
Changed:
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Plugin Version: 17 Jul 2004
>
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Plugin Version: 17 Jun 2005 (1.018)
 
Change History:
<-- specify latest version first -->
 
Added:
>
>
17 Jun 2005: Added $NOEXEC(), $EXEC()
25 Mar 2005: Fixed evaluation bug when using SpeedyCGI accelerator; code refactor to load module only when needed, contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
24 Oct 2004: Added $EXISTS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/RodrigoChandia; added $PERCENTILE()
18 Oct 2004: Added $LISTJOIN()
26 Sep 2004: Added $FORMAT(KB), $FORMAT(MB), contributed by TWiki:Main/ArthurClemens; added $FORMAT(KBMB), $EVEN(), $ODD()
 
17 Jul 2004: Added $WORKINGDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
24 May 2004: Refactored documentation (no code changes)
03 Apr 2004: Added $ABS(), $LISTIF(); fixed $VALUE() to remove leading zeros; changed $FIND() and $SEARCH() to return 0 instead of empty string if no match
21 Mar 2004: Added $LISTITEM(); fixed call to unofficial function
16 Mar 2004: Added $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SETM(); retired $COUNTUNIQUE() in favor of $COUNTITEMS($LISTUNIQUE()); fixed evaluation order issue of $IF(); fixed missing eval error messages suppressed since version 06 Mar 2004; redirect stderr messages to warning
08 Mar 2004: Added $LIST()
06 Mar 2004: Added $AND(), $MOD(), $NOT(), $OR(), $PRODUCT(), $PROPER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $RAND(), $REPEAT(), $SIGN(), $VALUE(); added digits parameter to $ROUND(); renamed $MULT() to $PRODUCT(); $MULT() is deprecated and undocumented
27 Feb 2004: Added $COUNTUNIQUE()
24 Oct 2003: Added $SET(), $GET(), $MEDIAN(); added $SUMPRODUCT(), inspired by TWiki:Main/RobertWithrow; added $SUMDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/SvenDowideit
21 Oct 2003: Added support for lists (1, 2, 3) and lists of table ranges (R1:C1..R1:C5, R3:C1..R3:C5) for all functions that accept a table range; added $TIMEADD(); in $TIMEDIFF() added week unit; in $FORMATTIME() changed $weekday to $wd and added $wday and $weekday
14 Oct 2003: Added $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF()
13 Oct 2003: Added $MULT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/GerritJanBaarda
30 Jul 2003: Added $TRANSLATE()
19 Jul 2003: Added $FIND(), $NOP(), $REPLACE(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), contributed by TWiki:Main/PaulineCheung
Changed:
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19 Apr 2003: Added $COUNTSTR(), $EXACT(), $IF(), $ROUND(), $TRIM(); added $FORMAT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/JimStraus; support % modulus operator in $EVAL, $INT, and $ROUND; fixed bug in $DEF
>
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19 Apr 2003: Added $COUNTSTR(), $EXACT(), $IF(), $ROUND(), $TRIM(); added $FORMAT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/JimStraus; support % modulus operator in $EVAL(), $INT(), and $ROUND(); fixed bug in $DEF()
 
07 Jun 2002: Added $DEF(), contributed by TWiki:Main/MartinFuzzey; allow values with HTML formatting like <u>102</u>, suggested by TWiki:Main/GladeDiviney; added SKIPINCLUDE setting
12 Mar 2002: Support for multiple functions per nesting level
15 Jan 2002: Added $CHAR(), $CODE() and $LENGTH()
12 Nov 2001: Added $RIGHT()
12 Aug 2001: Fixed bug of disappearing multi-column cells
Changed:
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19 Jul 2001: Fixed incorrect $SUM calculation of cell with value 0
>
>
19 Jul 2001: Fixed incorrect $SUM() calculation of cell with value 0
 
14 Jul 2001: Changed to plug & play
Changed:
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01 Jun 2001: Fixed insecure dependencies for $MIN and $MAX
16 Apr 2001: Fixed div by 0 bug in $AVERAGE
17 Mar 2001: Initial version
>
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01 Jun 2001: Fixed insecure dependencies for $MIN() and $MAX()
16 Apr 2001: Fixed div by 0 bug in $AVERAGE()
17 Mar 2001: Initial version with $ABOVE(), $AVERAGE(), $COLUMN(), $COUNTITEMS(), $EVAL(), $INT(), $LEFT(), $LOWER(), $MAX(), $MIN(), $ROW(), $SUM(), $T(), $UPPER()
 
CPAN Dependencies: none
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 99%, FormattedSearch 99%, SpreadSheetPlugin 95%
Other Dependencies: none
Perl Version: 5.000 and up
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginDev

Related Topics: TWikiPreferences, TWikiPlugins

Changed:
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-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 17 Jul 2004
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-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 17 Jun 2005
 

Revision 102004-07-17 - PeterThoeny?

 

TWiki Spreadsheet Plugin

This Plugin adds speadsheet capabilities to KoreaCmsWiki? topics. Formulae like %CALC{"$INT(7/3)"}% are evaluated at page view time. They can be placed in table cells and outside of tables. In other words, this Plugin provides general formula evaluation capability, not just classic spreadsheet functions.

Example:

Region: Sales:
Northeast 320
Northwest 580
South 240
Europe 610
Asia 220
Total: 1970

      Interactive example:

Formula: %CALC{""}%  
Result:     TWiki Guest

The formula next to "Total" is %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%.
(you see the formula instead of the sum in case the Plugin is not installed or not enabled.)

Syntax Rules

The action of this Plugin is triggered by the %CALC{"..."}% variable, which gets rendered according to the built-in function(s) found between the quotes.

  • Built-in function are of format $FUNCNAME(parameter)
  • Functions may be nested, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN(0)..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN(0) )"}%
  • Functions are evaluated from left to right, and from inside to outside if nested
  • The function parameter can be text; a mathematical formula; a cell address; or a range of cell addresses
  • Multiple parameters form a list; they are separated by a comma, followed by optional space, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, 7 )"}%
  • A table cell can be addressed as R1:C1. Table address matrix:
    R1:C1 R1:C2 R1:C3 R1:C4
    R2:C1 R2:C2 R2:C3 R2:C4
  • A table cell range is defined by two cell addresses separated by "..", e.g. "row 1 through 20, column 3" is: R1:C3..R20:C3
  • Lists can refer to values and/or table cell ranges, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, $T(R1:C7), R1:C11..R1:C15 )"}%
  • Formulae can only reference cells in the current or preceeding row of the current table; they may not reference cells below the current table row
  • Formulae can also be placed outside of tables; they can reference cells in the preceeding table

Built-in Functions

Conventions for Syntax:

  • Required parameters are indicated in ( bold )
  • Optional parameters are indicated in ( bold italic )

ABOVE( ) -- address range of cells above the current cell

  • Syntax: $ABOVE( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}% returns the sum of cells above the current cell
  • Related: $LEFT(), $RIGHT()

ABS( num ) -- absolute value of a number

  • Syntax: $ABS( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$ABS(-12.5)"}% returns 12.5
  • Related: $SIGN()

AND( list ) -- logcial AND of a list

  • Syntax: $AND( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AND(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $NOT(), $IF(), $OR()

AVERAGE( list ) -- average of a list or a range of cells

  • Syntax: $AVERAGE( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AVERAGE(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% returns the average of column 5, excluding the title row
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

CHAR( number ) -- ASCII character represented by number

  • Syntax: $CHAR( number )
  • Example: Example: %CALC{"$CHAR(97)"}% returns a
  • Related: $CODE()

CODE( text ) -- ASCII numeric value of character

  • The ASCII numeric value of the first character in text
  • Syntax: $CODE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$CODE(abc)"}% returns 97
  • Related: $CHAR()

COLUMN( offset ) -- current column number

  • The current table column number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $COLUMN( offset )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COLUMN()"}% returns 2 for the second column
  • Related: $ROW(), $T()

COUNTITEMS( list ) -- count individual items in a list

  • Syntax: $COUNTITEMS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS($ABOVE())"}% returns Closed: 1, Open: 2 assuming one cell above the current cell contains Closed and two cells contain Open
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LIST()

COUNTSTR( list, str ) -- count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string

  • Count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string (if str is specified), or counts the number of non empty cells in a list
  • Syntax: $COUNTSTR( list, str )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE())"}% counts the number of non empty cells above the current cell
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE(), DONE)"}% counts the number of cells equal to DONE
  • Related: $COUNTITEMS(), $LIST()

DEF( list ) -- find first non-empty list item or cell

  • Returns the first list item or cell reference that is not empty
  • Syntax: $DEF( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$DEF(R1:C1..R1:C3)"}%
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LISTIF(), $LIST()

EVAL( formula ) -- evaluate a simple formula

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $EVAL( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EVAL( (5 * 3) / 2 + 1.1 )"}% returns 8.6
  • Related: $INT(), $MOD(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

EXACT( text1, text2 ) -- compare two text strings

  • Compares two text strings and returns 1 if they are exactly the same, or 0 if not
  • Syntax: $EXACT( text1, text2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, Foo)"}% returns 0
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, $LOWER(Foo))"}% returns 1
  • Related: $IF(), $TRIM()

FIND( string, text, start ) -- find one string within another string

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is case sensitive and is not a regular expression search; use $SEARCH() for regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched.
  • Syntax: $FIND( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy, 2)"}% returns 4
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(@, fluffy, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SEARCH()

FORMAT( type, prec, number ) -- format a number to a certain type and precision

  • Type can be COMMA for comma format, DOLLAR for Dollar format, NUMBER for number, and PERCENT for percent format
  • Syntax: $FORMAT( type, prec, number )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(COMMA, 2, 12345.6789)"}% returns 12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(DOLLAR, 2, 12345.67)"}% returns $12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(NUMBER, 1, 12345.67)"}% returns 12345.7
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(PERCENT, 1, 0.1234567)"}% returns 12.3%
  • Related: $ROUND()

FORMATTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a date string

  • The following variables in text are expanded: $second (seconds, 00..59); $minute (minutes, 00..59); $hour (hours, 00..23); $day (day of month, 01..31); $month (month, 01..12); $mon (month in text format, Jan..Dec); $year (4 digit year, 1999); $ye (2 digit year, 99), $wd (day number of the week, 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, etc), $wday (day of the week, Sun..Sat), $weekday (day of the week, Sunday..Saturday), $yearday (day of the year, 1..365, or 1..366 in leap years). Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone.
  • Syntax: $FORMATTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATTIME(0, $year/$month/$day GMT)"}% returns 1970/01/01 GMT
  • Related: $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

FORMATGMTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a GMT date string

  • The date string represents the time in Greenwich time zone. Same variable expansion as in $FORMATTIME().
  • Syntax: $FORMATGMTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATGMTIME(1041379200, $day $mon $year)"}% returns 01 Jan 2003
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

GET( name ) -- get the value of a previously set variable

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores). An empty string is returned if the variable does not exist. Use $SET() to set a variable first. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables.
  • Syntax: $GET( name )
  • Example: %CALC{"$GET(my_total)"}% returns the value of the my_total variable
  • Related: $SET(), $SETM()

IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 ) -- return a value based on a condition

  • The condition can be a number (where 0 means condition not met), or two numbers with a comparison operator < (less than), <= (less than or equal), == (equal), != (not equal), >= (greater than or equal), > (greater than).
  • Syntax: $IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($T(R1:C5) > 1000, Over Budget, OK)"}% returns Over Budget if value in R1:C5 is over 1000, OK if not
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($EXACT($T(R1:C2),), empty, $T(R1:C2))"}% returns the content of R1:C2 or empty if empty
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(val, $IF($T(R1:C2) == 0, zero, $T(R1:C2)))"}% sets a variable conditionally
  • Related: $AND(), $EXACT(), $LISTIF(), $NOT(), $OR()

INT( formula ) -- evaluate formula and round down to nearest integer

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $INT( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$INT(10 / 4)"}% returns 2
  • Related: $EVAL(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

LEFT( ) -- address range of cells to the left of the current cell

  • Syntax: $LEFT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($LEFT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the left of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $RIGHT()

LENGTH( text ) -- length of text in bytes

  • Syntax: $LENGTH( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LENGTH(abcd)"}% returns 4
  • Related: $LISTSIZE()

LIST( range ) -- convert content of a cell range into a list

LISTIF( condition, list ) -- remove elements from a list that do not meet a condition

  • In addition to the condition described in $IF(), you can use $item to indicate the current element, and $index for the list index, starting at 1
  • Syntax: $LISTIF( condition, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($item > 12, 14, 7, 25)"}% returns 14, 25
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($NOT($EXACT($item,)), A, B, , E)"}% returns non-empty elements A, B, E
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($index > 2, A, B, C, D)"}% returns C, D
  • Related: $IF(), $LIST(), $LISTITEM(), $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SUM()

LISTITEM( index, list ) -- get one element of a list

LISTMAP( formula, list ) -- evaluate and update each element of a list

LISTREVERSE( list ) -- opposite order of a list

LISTSIZE( list ) -- number of elements in a list

LISTSORT( list ) -- sort a list

LISTUNIQUE( list ) -- remove all duplicates from a list

LOWER( text ) -- lower case string of a text

MAX( list ) - biggest value of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $MAX( list )
  • Example: To find the biggest number to the left of the current cell, write: %CALC{"$MAX($LEFT())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

MEDIAN( list ) -- median of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $MEDIAN( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MEDIAN(3, 9, 4, 5)"}% returns 4.5
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MIN()

MIN( list ) -- smallest value of a list or range of cells

MOD( num, divisor ) -- reminder after dividing num by divisor

  • Syntax: $MOD( num, divisor )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MOD(7, 3)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $EVAL(), $()

NOP( text ) -- no-operation

  • Useful to change the order of Plugin execution. For example, it allows preprossing to be done before %SEARCH{}% is evaluated. The percent character '%' can be escaped with $per
  • Syntax: $NOP( text )

NOT( num ) -- reverse logic of a number

  • Returns 0 if num is not zero, 1 if zero
  • Syntax: $NOT( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$NOT(0)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $OR()

OR( list ) -- logcial OR of a list

  • Syntax: $OR( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$OR(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $NOT()

PRODUCT( list ) -- product of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $PRODUCT( list )
  • Example: To calculate the product of the cells to the left of the current one use %CALC{"$PRODUCT($LEFT())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM(), $SUMPRODUCT()

PROPER( text ) -- properly capitalize trxt

  • Capitalize letters that follow any character other than a letter; convert all other letters to lowercase letters
  • Syntax: $PROPER( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(a small STEP)"}% returns A Small Step
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(f1 (formula-1))"}% returns F1 (Formula-1)
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

PROPERSPACE( text ) -- properly space out WikiWords

  • Properly spaces out WikiWords preceeded by white space, parenthesis, or ][. Words listed in the DONTSPACE TWikiPreferences variable or DONTSPACE Plugins setting are excluded
  • Syntax: $PROPERSPACE( text )
  • Example: Assuming DONTSPACE contains MacDonald: %CALC{"PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPER(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

RAND( max ) -- random number

  • Random number, evenly distributed between 0 and max, or 0 and 1 if max is not specified
  • Syntax: $RAND( max )
  • Related: $EVAL()

REPEAT(text) -- repeat text a number of times

  • Syntax: $REPEAT( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPEAT(/\, 5)"}% returns /\/\/\/\/\

REPLACE( text, start, num, new ) -- replace part of a text string

  • Replace num number of characters of text string text, starting at start, with new text new. Starting position is 1; use a negative start to count from the end of the text
  • Syntax: $REPLACE( text, start, num, new )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPLACE(abcdefghijk,6,5,*)"}% returns abcde*k
  • Related: $FIND(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), $TRANSLATE()

RIGHT( ) -- address range of cells to the right of the current cell

  • Syntax: $RIGHT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($RIGHT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the right of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $LEFT()

ROUND( formula, digits ) -- round a number

  • Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result up or down to the number of digits if digits is positive; to the nearest integer if digits is missing; or to the left of the decimal point if digits is negative
  • Syntax: $ROUND( formula, digits )
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.15, 1)"}% returns 3.2
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.149, 1)"}% returns 3.1
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(-2.475, 2)"}% returns -2.48
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(34.9, -1)"}% returns 30
  • Related: $INT(), $FORMAT()

ROW( offset ) -- current row number

  • The current table row number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $ROW( offset )
  • Example: To get the number of rows excluding table heading (first row) and summary row (last row you are in), write: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}%
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $T()

SEARCH( string, text, start ) -- search a string within a text

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is a RegularExpression search; use $FIND() for non-regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched
  • Syntax: $SEARCH( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy)"}% returns 3
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy, 3)"}% returns 6
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([abc], fluffy,)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $FIND(), $REPLACE()

SET( name, value ) -- set a variable for later use

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulas are evaluated before the variable assignment. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables
  • Syntax: $SET( name, value )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(my_total, $SUM($ABOVE()))"}% sets the my_total variable to the sum of all table cells located above the current cell and returns an empty string
  • Related: $GET(), SETM()

SETM( name, formula ) -- update an existing variable based on a formula

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the formula. The formula must start with an operator to + (add), - (subtract), * (multiply), or / (divide) something to the variable. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables
  • Syntax: $SETM( name, formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SETM(total, + $SUM($LEFT()))"}% adds the sum of all table cells on the left to the total variable, and returns an empty string
  • Related: $GET(), $SET()

SIGN( num ) -- sign of a number

  • Returns -1 if num is negative, 0 if zero, or 1 if positive
  • Syntax: $SIGN( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SIGN(-12.5)"}% returns -1
  • Related: $ABS(), $EVAL(), $INT(), $NOT()

SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option ) -- substitute text

  • Substitutes new text for old text in a text string. instance specifies which occurance of old you want to replace. If you specify instance, only that instance is replaced. Otherwise, every occurance is changed to the new text. A literal search is performed by default; a RegularExpression search if the option is set to r
  • Syntax: $SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Good morning, morning, day)"}% returns Good day
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3)"}% returns Q3-3003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3,3)"}% returns Q2-2003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(abc123def,[0-9],9,,r)"}% returns abc999def
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $TRANSLATE()

SUM( list ) -- sum of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $SUM( list )
  • Example: To sum up column 5 excluding the title row, write %CALC{"$SUM(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% in the last row; or simply %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}%
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SUMDAYS( list ) -- sum the days in a list or range of cells

  • The total number of days in a list or range of cells containing numbers of hours, days or weeks. The default unit is days; units are indicated by a h, hours, d, days, w, weeks suffix. One week is assumed to have 5 working days, one day 8 hours
  • Syntax: $SUMDAYS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMDAYS(2w, 1, 2d, 4h)"}% returns 13.5, the evaluation of (2*5 + 1 + 2 + 4/8)
  • Related: $SUM(), $TIME(), $FORMATTIME()

SUMPRODUCT( list, list ) -- scalar product on ranges of cells

  • Syntax: $SUMPRODUCT( list, list, list... )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM(R2:C1..R4:C1, R2:C5..R4:C5)"}% evaluates and returns the result of ($T(R2:C1) * $T(R2:C5) + $T(R3:C1) * $T(R3:C5) + $T(R4:C1) * $T(R4:C5))
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM()

T( address ) -- content of a cell

  • Syntax: $T( address )
  • Example: %CALC{"$T(R1:C5)"}% returns the text in cell R1:C5
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $ROW()

TRANSLATE( text, from, to ) -- translate text from one set of characters to another

  • The translation is done from a set to a set, one character by one. The text may contain commas; all three parameters are required. In the from and to parameters you can write $comma to escape comma, $sp to escape space
  • Syntax: $TRANSLATE( text, from, to )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(boom,bm,cl)"}% returns cool
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(one, two,$comma,;)"}% returns one; two
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SUBSTITUTE()

TIME( text ) -- convert a date string into a serialized date number

  • Serialized date is seconds since the Epoch, e.g. midnight, 01 Jan 1970. Current time is taken if the date string is empty. Supported date formats: 31 Dec 2009; 31 Dec 2009 GMT; 31 Dec 09; 31-Dec-2009; 31/Dec/2009; 2009/12/31; 2009-12-31; 2009/12/31; 2009/12/31 23:59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59; 2009-12-31-23-59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59:59; 2009.12.31.23.59.59. Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone
  • Syntax: $TIME( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIME(2003/10/14 GMT)"}% returns 1066089600
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TIMEADD( serial, value, unit ) -- add a value to a serialized date

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year. Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations
  • Syntax: $TIMEADD( serial, value, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEADD($TIME(), 2, week)"}%
  • Related: $(), $() returns the serialized date two weeks from now
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit ) -- time difference between two serialized dates

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be specified as in $TIMEADD(). Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. Use $FORMAT() or $INT() to format real numbers
  • Syntax: $TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEDIFF($TIME(), $EVAL($TIME()+90), minute)"}% returns 1.5
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TODAY( ) -- serialized date of today at midnight GMT

  • In contrast, the related $TIME() returns the serialized date of today at the current time, e.g. it includes the number of seconds since midnight GMT
  • Syntax: $TODAY( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TODAY()"}% returns the number of seconds since Epoch
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF()

TRIM( text ) -- trim spaces from text

  • Removes all spaces from text except for single spaces between words
  • Syntax: $TRIM( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRIM( eat  spaces  )"}% returns eat spaces
  • Related: $EXACT(), $PROPERSPACE()

UPPER( text ) -- upper case string of a text

VALUE( text ) -- convert text to number

  • Extracts a number from text. Returns 0 if not found
  • Syntax: $VALUE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(US$1,200)"}% returns 1200
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(PrjNotebook1234)"}% returns 1234
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(Total: -12.5)"}% returns -12.5
  • Related: $EVAL(), $INT()
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WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 ) -- working days between two serialized dates

  • Working days are Monday through Friday (sorry, Israel!)
  • Syntax: $WORKINGDAYS( serial_1, serial_2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$WORKINGDAYS($TIME(2004/07/15), $TIME(2004/08/03))"}% returns 13
  • Related: $SUMDAYS(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF()
 

Bug Tracking Example

Bug#: Priority: Subject: Status: Days to fix
Bug:1231 Low File Open ... Open 3
Bug:1232 High Memory Window ... Fixed 2
Bug:1233 Medium Usability issue ... Assigned 5
Bug:1234 High No arrange ... Fixed 1
Total: 4 High: 2
Low: 1
Medium: 1
. Assigned: 1
Fixed: 2
Open: 1
Total: 11

The last row is defined as:

| Total: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}% \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% | . \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% \ 
  |  Total: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% |

Above table is created manually. Another Plugin could build the table dynamically, e.g. by pulling data out of a bug tracking system. The Spreadsheet Plugin can be used to display table data statistics.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, i.e. %SPREADSHEETPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%

  • One line description, is shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Add spreadsheet calculation like "$SUM( $ABOVE() )" to tables located in KoreaCmsWiki? topics.

  • Debug plugin: (See output in data/debug.txt)
    • Set DEBUG = 0

  • Do not handle %CALC{}% tag in included topic while including topic: (default: 1)
    • Set SKIPINCLUDE = 1

  • WikiWords to exclude from being spaced out by the $PROPERSPACE(text) function. This comma delimited list can be overloaded by a DONTSPACE preferences variable:
    • Set DONTSPACE = CodeWarrior, MacDonald, McIntosh, RedHat, SuSE

Plugin Installation Instructions

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. Below installation instructions are for the administrator who needs to install this plugin on the TWiki server.

  • Download the ZIP file from the SpreadSheetPlugin home
  • Unzip SpreadSheetPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt Plugin topic
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt,v Plugin topic repository
    lib/TWiki/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
  • Test if the "Total" in the first table in this topic is correct.

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny
Changed:
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Plugin Version: 24 May 2004
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Plugin Version: 17 Jul 2004
 
Change History:
<-- specify latest version first -->
 
Added:
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17 Jul 2004: Added $WORKINGDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/CrawfordCurrie
 
24 May 2004: Refactored documentation (no code changes)
03 Apr 2004: Added $ABS(), $LISTIF(); fixed $VALUE() to remove leading zeros; changed $FIND() and $SEARCH() to return 0 instead of empty string if no match
21 Mar 2004: Added $LISTITEM(); fixed call to unofficial function
16 Mar 2004: Added $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SETM(); retired $COUNTUNIQUE() in favor of $COUNTITEMS($LISTUNIQUE()); fixed evaluation order issue of $IF(); fixed missing eval error messages suppressed since version 06 Mar 2004; redirect stderr messages to warning
08 Mar 2004: Added $LIST()
06 Mar 2004: Added $AND(), $MOD(), $NOT(), $OR(), $PRODUCT(), $PROPER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $RAND(), $REPEAT(), $SIGN(), $VALUE(); added digits parameter to $ROUND(); renamed $MULT() to $PRODUCT(); $MULT() is deprecated and undocumented
27 Feb 2004: Added $COUNTUNIQUE()
24 Oct 2003: Added $SET(), $GET(), $MEDIAN(); added $SUMPRODUCT(), inspired by TWiki:Main/RobertWithrow; added $SUMDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/SvenDowideit
21 Oct 2003: Added support for lists (1, 2, 3) and lists of table ranges (R1:C1..R1:C5, R3:C1..R3:C5) for all functions that accept a table range; added $TIMEADD(); in $TIMEDIFF() added week unit; in $FORMATTIME() changed $weekday to $wd and added $wday and $weekday
14 Oct 2003: Added $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF()
13 Oct 2003: Added $MULT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/GerritJanBaarda
30 Jul 2003: Added $TRANSLATE()
19 Jul 2003: Added $FIND(), $NOP(), $REPLACE(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), contributed by TWiki:Main/PaulineCheung
19 Apr 2003: Added $COUNTSTR(), $EXACT(), $IF(), $ROUND(), $TRIM(); added $FORMAT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/JimStraus; support % modulus operator in $EVAL, $INT, and $ROUND; fixed bug in $DEF
07 Jun 2002: Added $DEF(), contributed by TWiki:Main/MartinFuzzey; allow values with HTML formatting like <u>102</u>, suggested by TWiki:Main/GladeDiviney; added SKIPINCLUDE setting
12 Mar 2002: Support for multiple functions per nesting level
15 Jan 2002: Added $CHAR(), $CODE() and $LENGTH()
12 Nov 2001: Added $RIGHT()
12 Aug 2001: Fixed bug of disappearing multi-column cells
19 Jul 2001: Fixed incorrect $SUM calculation of cell with value 0
14 Jul 2001: Changed to plug & play
01 Jun 2001: Fixed insecure dependencies for $MIN and $MAX
16 Apr 2001: Fixed div by 0 bug in $AVERAGE
17 Mar 2001: Initial version
CPAN Dependencies: none
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 99%, FormattedSearch 99%, SpreadSheetPlugin 95%
Other Dependencies: none
Perl Version: 5.000 and up
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginDev

Related Topics: TWikiPreferences, TWikiPlugins

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-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 24 May 2004
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-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 17 Jul 2004
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Revision 92004-05-25 - PeterThoeny?

Changed:
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TWiki Spreadsheet Plugin

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TWiki Spreadsheet Plugin

  This Plugin adds speadsheet capabilities to KoreaCmsWiki? topics. Formulae like %CALC{"$INT(7/3)"}% are evaluated at page view time. They can be placed in table cells and outside of tables. In other words, this Plugin provides general formula evaluation capability, not just classic spreadsheet functions.

Example:

Region: Sales:
Northeast 320
Northwest 580
South 240
Europe 610
Asia 220
Total: 1970

      Interactive example:

Changed:
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Formula: %CALC{""}%  
Result:     guest
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Formula: %CALC{"TWikiGuest?)" />"}%  
Result:     TWiki Guest
 
Deleted:
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Deleted:
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 The formula next to "Total" is %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%.
(you see the formula instead of the sum in case the Plugin is not installed or not enabled.)
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Syntax Rules

The action of this Plugin is triggered by the %CALC{"..."}% variable, which gets rendered according to the built-in function(s) found between the quotes.

  • Built-in function are of format $FUNCNAME(parameter)
  • Functions may be nested, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN(0)..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN(0) )"}%
  • Functions are evaluated from left to right, and from inside to outside if nested
  • The function parameter can be text; a mathematical formula; a cell address; or a range of cell addresses
  • Multiple parameters form a list; they are separated by a comma, followed by optional space, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, 7 )"}%
  • A table cell can be addressed as R1:C1. Table address matrix:
    R1:C1 R1:C2 R1:C3 R1:C4
    R2:C1 R2:C2 R2:C3 R2:C4
  • A table cell range is defined by two cell addresses separated by "..", e.g. "row 1 through 20, column 3" is: R1:C3..R20:C3
  • Lists can refer to values and/or table cell ranges, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, $T(R1:C7), R1:C11..R1:C15 )"}%
  • Formulae can only reference cells in the current or preceeding row of the current table; they may not reference cells below the current table row
  • Formulae can also be placed outside of tables; they can reference cells in the preceeding table

Built-in Functions

Changed:
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Function Description
"$ABOVE()" The address range of cells above the current cell
"$ABS(num)" The absolute value of a number. Example: %CALC{"$ABS(-12.5)"}% returns 12.5
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Conventions for Syntax:
  • Required parameters are indicated in ( bold )
  • Optional parameters are indicated in ( bold italic )
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"$AND(list)" The logcial AND of a list. Example: %CALC{"$AND(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 0
"$AVERAGE(list)" The average of a list or a range of cells. Example: To get the average of column 5 excluding the title row, write in the last row: %CALC{"$AVERAGE( R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5 )"}%
"$CHAR(number)" The ASCII character represented by number. Example: %CALC{"$CHAR(97)"}% returns a
"$CODE(text)" The ASCII numeric value of the first character in text. Example: %CALC{"$CODE(abc)"}% returns 97
"$COLUMN(offset)" The current column number with an optional offset
"$COUNTITEMS(list)" Counts individual items in a list. Example: %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( $ABOVE() )"}% returns Closed: 1, Open: 2 assuming one cell above the current cell contains Closed and two cells contain Open
"$COUNTSTR(list, str)" Counts the number of cells in a list equal to a given string (if str is specified), or counts the number of non empty cells in a list. Example: To count the number of non empty cells above the current cell, write %CALC{"$COUNTSTR( $ABOVE() )"}%; to count the number of cells equal to DONE, write %CALC{"$COUNTSTR( $ABOVE(), DONE )"}%;
"$DEF(list)" Returns the first list item or cell reference that is not empty. Example: %CALC{"$DEF( R1:C1..R1:C3 )"}%
"$EVAL(formula)" Evaluates a simple formula. Only addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted. Example: %CALC{"$EVAL( (5 * 3) / 2 + 1.1 )"}% returns 8.6
"$EXACT(text1, text2)" Compares two text strings and returns 1 if they are exactly the same, or 0 if not. Example: %CALC{"$EXACT( foo, Foo )"}% returns 0; %CALC{"$EXACT( foo, $LOWER(Foo) )"}% returns 1
"$FIND(search_string, text, start_index)" Finds one text string search_string, within another text string text, and returns the number of the starting position of search_string, from the first character of text. This search is case sensitive and is not a regular expression search; use $SEARCH() for regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched. Examples:
%CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy)"}% returns 1
%CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy, 2)"}% returns 4
%CALC{"$FIND(@, fluffy, 1)"}% returns 0
"$FORMAT(type, prec, number)" Formats a number to a certain type and precision. Types with examples:
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( COMMA, 2, 12345.6789 )"}% returns 12,345.68
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( DOLLAR, 2, 12345.67 )"}% returns $12,345.68
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( NUMBER, 1, 12345.67 )"}% returns 12345.7
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( PERCENT, 1, 0.1234567 )"}% returns 12.3%
"$FORMATTIME(serial, text)" Convert a serialized date into a date string; the following variables in text are expanded: $second (seconds, 00..59); $minute (minutes, 00..59); $hour (hours, 00..23); $day (day of month, 01..31); $month (month, 01..12); $mon (month in text format, Jan..Dec); $year (4 digit year, 1999); $ye (2 digit year, 99), $wd (day number of the week, 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, etc), $wday (day of the week, Sun..Sat), $weekday (day of the week, Sunday..Saturday), $yearday (day of the year, 1..365, or 1..366 in leap years). Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone. See also $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF(). Example: %CALC{"$FORMATTIME(0, $year/$month/$day GMT)"}% returns 1970/01/01 GMT
"$FORMATGMTIME(serial, text)" Convert a serialized date into a date string in Greenwich time zone. Same variables expansion as in $FORMATTIME(). Example: %CALC{"$FORMATGMTIME(1041379200, $day $mon $year)"}% returns 01 Jan 2003
"$GET(name)" Get the value of a previously set variable. Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores). An empty string is returned if the variable does not exist. Use $SET() to set a variable first. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables. See also $SET(). Example: %CALC{"$GET(my_total)"}% returns the value of the my_total variable
"$IF(condition, value if true, value if 0)" Returns one value if a condition is met, and another value if not. The condition can be a number (where 0 means condition not met), or two numbers with a comparison operator < (less than), <= (less than or equal), == (equal), != (not equal), >= (greater than or equal), > (greater than). Examples:
%CALC{"$IF( $T(R1:C5) > 1000, Over Budget, OK)"}% returns Over Budget if value in R1:C5 is over 1000, OK if not
%CALC{"$IF( $EXACT($T(R1:C2),), empty, $T(R1:C2))"}% returns the content of R1:C2 or empty if empty
%CALC{"$SET(val, $IF( $T(R1:C2) == 0, zero, $T(R1:C2)))"}% sets a variable conditionally
"$INT(formula)" Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result down to the nearest integer. Example: %CALC{"$INT(10 / 4)"}% returns 2
"$LEFT()" The address range of cells to the left of the current cell
"$LENGTH(text)" The length in bytes of text. Example: %CALC{"$LENGTH(abcd)"}% returns 4
"$LIST(range)" Converts the content of a range of cells into a flat list, delimited by comma. Cells containing commas are merged into the list. Example: %CALC{"$LIST( $LEFT() )"}% returns Apples, Lemons, Oranges, Kiwis assuming the cells to the left contain | Apples | Lemons, Oranges | Kiwis |
"$LISTIF(condition, list)" Remove elements from a list that do not meet a condition. In addition to the condition described in $IF(), you can use $item to indicate the current element, and $index for the list index, starting at 1. Examples:
%CALC{"$LISTIF($item > 12, 14, 7, 25)"}% returns 14, 25
%CALC{"$LISTIF($NOT($EXACT($item,)), A, B, , E)"}% returns non-empty elements A, B, E
%CALC{"$LISTIF($index > 2, A, B, C, D)"}% returns C, D
"$LISTITEM(index, list)" Get one element of a list. Index is 1 to size of list; use a negative number to count from the end of the list. Examples:
%CALC{"$LISTITEM(2, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Orange
%CALC{"$LISTITEM(-1, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Kiwi
"$LISTMAP(formula, list)" Evaluate and update each element of a list. In the formula you can use $item to indicate the element; $index to show the index of the list, starting at 1. Example: %CALC{"$LISTMAP($index: $EVAL(2 * $item), 3, 5, 7, 11)"}% returns 1: 6, 2: 10, 3: 14, 4: 22
"$LISTREVERSE(list)" The opposite order of a list. Example: %CALC{"$LISTREVERSE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Kiwi, Apple, Orange, Apple
"$LISTSIZE(list)" The number of elements in a list. Example: %CALC{"$LISTSIZE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns 4
"$LISTSORT(list)" Sorts a list in ASCII order, or numerically if all elements are numeric. Example: %CALC{"$LISTSORT(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Apple, Apple, Kiwi, Orange
"$LISTUNIQUE(list)" Removes all duplicates from a list. Example: %CALC{"$LISTUNIQUE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Apple, Orange, Kiwi
"$LOWER(text)" The lower case string of a text. Example: %CALC{"$LOWER( $T(R1:C5) )"}% returns the lower case string of the text in cell R1:C5
"$MAX(list)" The biggest value of a list or range of cells. Example: To find the biggest number to the left of the current cell, write: %CALC{"$MAX( $LEFT() )"}%
"$MEDIAN(list)" The median of a list or range of cells. Example: %CALC{"$MEDIAN(3, 9, 4, 5)"}% returns 4.5
"$MIN(list)" The smallest value of a list or range of cells. Example: %CALC{"$MIN(15, 3, 28)"}% returns 3
"$MOD(num, divisor)" The reminder after dividing num by divisor. Example: %CALC{"$MOD(7, 3)"}% returns 1
"$NOP(text)" A no-operation. Allows one to defy the order of Plugin execution. For example, it will allow preprossing to be done before %SEARCH{}% is evaluated. Use $per to escape '%'.
"$NOT(num)" The reverse logic of a number. Returns 0 if num is not zero, 1 if zero. Example: %CALC{"$NOT(0)"}% returns 1
"$OR(list)" The logcial OR of a list. Example: %CALC{"$OR(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 1
"$PRODUCT(list)" The product of a list or range of cells. Example: to calculate the product of the cells to the left of the current one use %CALC{"$PRODUCT($LEFT())"}%
"$PROPER(text)" Capitalizes letters in text that follow any character other than a letter. Converts all other letters to lowercase letters. Examples:
%CALC{"PROPER(a small STEP)"}% returns A Small Step
%CALC{"PROPER(f1 (formula-1))"}% returns F1 (Formula 1)
"$PROPERSPACE(text)" Properly spaces out WikiWords preceeded by white space, parenthesis, or ][. Words listed in the DONTSPACE TWikiPreferences variable or DONTSPACE Plugins setting are excluded. Example, assuming DONTSPACE contains McIntosh: %CALC{"PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
"$RAND(max)" Random number, evenly distributed between 0 and max, or 0 and 1 if max is not specified.
"$REPEAT(text)" Repeat text a number of times. Example: %CALC{"$REPEAT(/\, 5)"}% returns /\/\/\/\/\
"$REPLACE(text, start_num, num_chars, new_text)" Replaces part of text string text, based on the starting position start_num, and the number of characters to replace num_chars. The characters are replaced with new_text. Starting position is 1; use a negative start_num to count from the end of the text. See also $SUBSTITUTE(), $TRANSLATE(). Example:
%CALC{"$REPLACE(abcdefghijk,6,5,*)"}% returns abcde*k
"$RIGHT()" The address range of cells to the right of the current cell
"$ROUND(formula, digits)" Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result up or down to the number of digits if digits is positive; to the nearest integer if digits is missing; or to the left of the decimal point if digits is negative. Examples:
%CALC{"$ROUND(3.15, 1)"}% returns 3.2
%CALC{"$ROUND(3.149, 1)"}% returns 3.1
%CALC{"$ROUND(-2.475, 2)"}% returns -2.48
%CALC{"$ROUND(34.9, -1)"}% returns 30
"$ROW(offset)" The current row number with an offset. Example: To get the number of rows excluding table heading ( first row) and summary row (last row you are in), write: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}%
"$SEARCH(search_string, text, start_index)" Finds one text string search_string, within another text string text, and returns the number of the starting position of search_string, from the first character of text. This search a RegularExpression search; use $FIND() for non-regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched. Examples:
%CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy)"}% returns 3
%CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy, 3)"}% returns 6
%CALC{"$SEARCH([abc], fluffy,)"}% returns 0
"$SET(name, value)" Set a variable for later use. Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulas are evaluated before the variable assignment. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables. See also $GET(). Example: %CALC{"$SET( my_total, $SUM($ABOVE()) )"}% sets the my_total variable to the sum of all table cells located above the current cell and returns an empty string
"$SETM(name, formula)" Updates an existing variable based on a formula. Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the formula. The formula must start with an operator to + (add), - (subtract), * (multiply), or / (divide) something to the variable. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Example: %CALC{"$SETM( total, + $SUM($LEFT()) )"}% adds the sum of all table cells on the left to the total variable, and returns an empty string
"$SIGN(num)" The sign of a number. Returns -1 if num is negative, 0 if zero, or 1 if positive. Example: %CALC{"$SIGN(-12.5)"}% returns -1
"$SUBSTITUTE(text, old, new, instance, option)" Substitutes new text for old text in a text string. instance specifies which occurance of old you want to replace. If you specify instance, only that instance is replaced. Otherwise, every occurance is changed to the new text. A literal search is performed by default; a RegularExpression search if the option is set to r. See also $REPLACE(), $TRANSLATE(). Examples:
%CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Good morning, morning, day)"}% returns Good day
%CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3)"}% returns Q3-3003
%CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3,3)"}% returns Q2-2003
%CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(abc123def,[0-9],9,,r)"}% returns abc999def
"$SUM(list)" The sum of a list or range of cells. Example: To sum up column 5 excluding the title row, write: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5 )"}% in the last row; or simply %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%
"$SUMDAYS(list)" The total number of days in a list or range of cells containing numbers of hours, days or weeks. The default unit is days; units are indicated by a h, hours, d, days, w, weeks suffix. One week is assumed to have 5 working days, one day 8 hours. Example: %CALC{"$SUMDAYS( 2w, 1, 2d, 4h )"}% returns 13.5, the evaluation of (2*5 + 1 + 2 + 4/8)
"$SUMPRODUCT(list, list, ...)" The scalar product on ranges of cells. Example: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C1..R4:C1, R2:C5..R4:C5 )"}% evaluates and returns ($T(R2:C1) * $T(R2:C5) + $T(R3:C1) * $T(R3:C5) + $T(R4:C1) * $T(R4:C5))
"$T(address)" The content of a cell. Example: %CALC{"$T(R1:C5)"}% returns the text in cell R1:C5
"$TRANSLATE(text, from, to)" Translate text from a set of characters to another set, one character by one. The text may contain commas; the last two comma separated parameters are required. For from and to parameters, you can write $comma to escape comma, $sp to escape space. See also $REPLACE(), $SUBSTITUTE(). Examples:
%CALC{"$TRANSLATE(boom,bm,cl)"}% returns cool
%CALC{"$TRANSLATE(one, two,$comma,;)"}% returns one; two
"$TIME(text)" Converts a date string into a serialized date number (seconds since the Epoch, e.g. midnight, 01 Jan 1970). Current time is taken if the date string is empty. Supported date formats: 31 Dec 2009; 31 Dec 2009 GMT; 31 Dec 09; 31-Dec-2009; 31/Dec/2009; 2009/12/31; 2009-12-31; 2009/12/31; 2009/12/31 23:59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59; 2009-12-31-23-59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59:59; 2009.12.31.23.59.59. Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone. See also $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF(). Example: %CALC{"$TIME( 2003/10/14 GMT )"}% returns 1066089600
"$TIMEADD( serial, value, unit )" Add a value to a serialized date. The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year. Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. See also $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(). Example: %CALC{"$TIMEADD( $TIME(), 2, week )"}% returns the serialized date two weeks from now
"$TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit )" Time difference between two serialized dates. The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be specified as in $TIMEADD(). Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. Use $FORMAT() or $INT() to format real numbers. See also $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(). Example: %CALC{"$TIMEDIFF( $TIME(), $EVAL($TIME()+90), minute )"}% returns 1.5
"$TODAY()" Get the serialized date of today at midnight GMT. The related $TIME() returns the serialized date of today at the current time, e.g. it includes the number of seconds since midnight GMT. See also $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF(). Example: %CALC{"$TODAY()"}% returns the number of seconds since Epoch
"$TRIM(text)" Removes all spaces from text except for single spaces between words. Example: %CALC{"$TRIM( eat  spaces  )"}% returns eat spaces.
"$UPPER(text)" The upper case string of a text. Example: %CALC{"$UPPER( $T(R1:C5) )"}% returns the upper case string of the text in cell R1:C5
"$VALUE(text)" Extracts a number from text. Returns 0 if not found. Examples:
%CALC{"$VALUE(US$1,200)"}% returns 1200
%CALC{"$VALUE(PrjNotebook1234)"}% returns 1234
%CALC{"$VALUE(Total: -12.5)"}% returns -12.5
 
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ABOVE( ) -- address range of cells above the current cell

  • Syntax: $ABOVE( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}% returns the sum of cells above the current cell
  • Related: $LEFT(), $RIGHT()

ABS( num ) -- absolute value of a number

  • Syntax: $ABS( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$ABS(-12.5)"}% returns 12.5
  • Related: $SIGN()

AND( list ) -- logcial AND of a list

  • Syntax: $AND( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AND(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $NOT(), $IF(), $OR()

AVERAGE( list ) -- average of a list or a range of cells

  • Syntax: $AVERAGE( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$AVERAGE(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% returns the average of column 5, excluding the title row
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

CHAR( number ) -- ASCII character represented by number

  • Syntax: $CHAR( number )
  • Example: Example: %CALC{"$CHAR(97)"}% returns a
  • Related: $CODE()

CODE( text ) -- ASCII numeric value of character

  • The ASCII numeric value of the first character in text
  • Syntax: $CODE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$CODE(abc)"}% returns 97
  • Related: $CHAR()

COLUMN( offset ) -- current column number

  • The current table column number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $COLUMN( offset )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COLUMN()"}% returns 2 for the second column
  • Related: $ROW(), $T()

COUNTITEMS( list ) -- count individual items in a list

  • Syntax: $COUNTITEMS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS($ABOVE())"}% returns Closed: 1, Open: 2 assuming one cell above the current cell contains Closed and two cells contain Open
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LIST()

COUNTSTR( list, str ) -- count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string

  • Count the number of cells in a list equal to a given string (if str is specified), or counts the number of non empty cells in a list
  • Syntax: $COUNTSTR( list, str )
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE())"}% counts the number of non empty cells above the current cell
  • Example: %CALC{"$COUNTSTR($ABOVE(), DONE)"}% counts the number of cells equal to DONE
  • Related: $COUNTITEMS(), $LIST()

DEF( list ) -- find first non-empty list item or cell

  • Returns the first list item or cell reference that is not empty
  • Syntax: $DEF( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$DEF(R1:C1..R1:C3)"}%
  • Related: $COUNTSTR(), $LISTIF(), $LIST()

EVAL( formula ) -- evaluate a simple formula

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $EVAL( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EVAL( (5 * 3) / 2 + 1.1 )"}% returns 8.6
  • Related: $INT(), $MOD(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

EXACT( text1, text2 ) -- compare two text strings

  • Compares two text strings and returns 1 if they are exactly the same, or 0 if not
  • Syntax: $EXACT( text1, text2 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, Foo)"}% returns 0
  • Example: %CALC{"$EXACT(foo, $LOWER(Foo))"}% returns 1
  • Related: $IF(), $TRIM()

FIND( string, text, start ) -- find one string within another string

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is case sensitive and is not a regular expression search; use $SEARCH() for regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched.
  • Syntax: $FIND( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy)"}% returns 1
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy, 2)"}% returns 4
  • Example: %CALC{"$FIND(@, fluffy, 1)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SEARCH()

FORMAT( type, prec, number ) -- format a number to a certain type and precision

  • Type can be COMMA for comma format, DOLLAR for Dollar format, NUMBER for number, and PERCENT for percent format
  • Syntax: $FORMAT( type, prec, number )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(COMMA, 2, 12345.6789)"}% returns 12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(DOLLAR, 2, 12345.67)"}% returns $12,345.68
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(NUMBER, 1, 12345.67)"}% returns 12345.7
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMAT(PERCENT, 1, 0.1234567)"}% returns 12.3%
  • Related: $ROUND()

FORMATTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a date string

  • The following variables in text are expanded: $second (seconds, 00..59); $minute (minutes, 00..59); $hour (hours, 00..23); $day (day of month, 01..31); $month (month, 01..12); $mon (month in text format, Jan..Dec); $year (4 digit year, 1999); $ye (2 digit year, 99), $wd (day number of the week, 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, etc), $wday (day of the week, Sun..Sat), $weekday (day of the week, Sunday..Saturday), $yearday (day of the year, 1..365, or 1..366 in leap years). Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone.
  • Syntax: $FORMATTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATTIME(0, $year/$month/$day GMT)"}% returns 1970/01/01 GMT
  • Related: $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

FORMATGMTIME( serial, text ) -- convert a serialized date into a GMT date string

  • The date string represents the time in Greenwich time zone. Same variable expansion as in $FORMATTIME().
  • Syntax: $FORMATGMTIME( serial, text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$FORMATGMTIME(1041379200, $day $mon $year)"}% returns 01 Jan 2003
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

GET( name ) -- get the value of a previously set variable

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores). An empty string is returned if the variable does not exist. Use $SET() to set a variable first. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables.
  • Syntax: $GET( name )
  • Example: %CALC{"$GET(my_total)"}% returns the value of the my_total variable
  • Related: $SET(), $SETM()

IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 ) -- return a value based on a condition

  • The condition can be a number (where 0 means condition not met), or two numbers with a comparison operator < (less than), <= (less than or equal), == (equal), != (not equal), >= (greater than or equal), > (greater than).
  • Syntax: $IF( condition, value if true, value if 0 )
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($T(R1:C5) > 1000, Over Budget, OK)"}% returns Over Budget if value in R1:C5 is over 1000, OK if not
  • Example: %CALC{"$IF($EXACT($T(R1:C2),), empty, $T(R1:C2))"}% returns the content of R1:C2 or empty if empty
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(val, $IF($T(R1:C2) == 0, zero, $T(R1:C2)))"}% sets a variable conditionally
  • Related: $AND(), $EXACT(), $LISTIF(), $NOT(), $OR()

INT( formula ) -- evaluate formula and round down to nearest integer

  • Addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted
  • Syntax: $INT( formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$INT(10 / 4)"}% returns 2
  • Related: $EVAL(), $ROUND(), $VALUE()

LEFT( ) -- address range of cells to the left of the current cell

  • Syntax: $LEFT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($LEFT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the left of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $RIGHT()

LENGTH( text ) -- length of text in bytes

  • Syntax: $LENGTH( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LENGTH(abcd)"}% returns 4
  • Related: $LISTSIZE()

LIST( range ) -- convert content of a cell range into a list

LISTIF( condition, list ) -- remove elements from a list that do not meet a condition

  • In addition to the condition described in $IF(), you can use $item to indicate the current element, and $index for the list index, starting at 1
  • Syntax: $LISTIF( condition, list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($item > 12, 14, 7, 25)"}% returns 14, 25
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($NOT($EXACT($item,)), A, B, , E)"}% returns non-empty elements A, B, E
  • Example: %CALC{"$LISTIF($index > 2, A, B, C, D)"}% returns C, D
  • Related: $IF(), $LIST(), $LISTITEM(), $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SUM()

LISTITEM( index, list ) -- get one element of a list

LISTMAP( formula, list ) -- evaluate and update each element of a list

LISTREVERSE( list ) -- opposite order of a list

LISTSIZE( list ) -- number of elements in a list

LISTSORT( list ) -- sort a list

LISTUNIQUE( list ) -- remove all duplicates from a list

LOWER( text ) -- lower case string of a text

MAX( list ) - biggest value of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $MAX( list )
  • Example: To find the biggest number to the left of the current cell, write: %CALC{"$MAX($LEFT())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $MEDIAN(), $MIN()

MEDIAN( list ) -- median of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $MEDIAN( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MEDIAN(3, 9, 4, 5)"}% returns 4.5
  • Related: $LIST(), $MAX(), $MIN()

MIN( list ) -- smallest value of a list or range of cells

MOD( num, divisor ) -- reminder after dividing num by divisor

  • Syntax: $MOD( num, divisor )
  • Example: %CALC{"$MOD(7, 3)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $EVAL(), $()

NOP( text ) -- no-operation

  • Useful to change the order of Plugin execution. For example, it allows preprossing to be done before %SEARCH{}% is evaluated. The percent character '%' can be escaped with $per
  • Syntax: $NOP( text )

NOT( num ) -- reverse logic of a number

  • Returns 0 if num is not zero, 1 if zero
  • Syntax: $NOT( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$NOT(0)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $OR()

OR( list ) -- logcial OR of a list

  • Syntax: $OR( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$OR(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 1
  • Related: $AND(), $IF(), $NOT()

PRODUCT( list ) -- product of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $PRODUCT( list )
  • Example: To calculate the product of the cells to the left of the current one use %CALC{"$PRODUCT($LEFT())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM(), $SUMPRODUCT()

PROPER( text ) -- properly capitalize trxt

  • Capitalize letters that follow any character other than a letter; convert all other letters to lowercase letters
  • Syntax: $PROPER( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(a small STEP)"}% returns A Small Step
  • Example: %CALC{"PROPER(f1 (formula-1))"}% returns F1 (Formula-1)
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

PROPERSPACE( text ) -- properly space out WikiWords

  • Properly spaces out WikiWords preceeded by white space, parenthesis, or ][. Words listed in the DONTSPACE TWikiPreferences variable or DONTSPACE Plugins setting are excluded
  • Syntax: $PROPERSPACE( text )
  • Example: Assuming DONTSPACE contains MacDonald: %CALC{"PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
  • Related: $LOWER(), $PROPER(), $TRIM(), $UPPER()

RAND( max ) -- random number

  • Random number, evenly distributed between 0 and max, or 0 and 1 if max is not specified
  • Syntax: $RAND( max )
  • Related: $EVAL()

REPEAT(text) -- repeat text a number of times

  • Syntax: $REPEAT( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPEAT(/\, 5)"}% returns /\/\/\/\/\

REPLACE( text, start, num, new ) -- replace part of a text string

  • Replace num number of characters of text string text, starting at start, with new text new. Starting position is 1; use a negative start to count from the end of the text
  • Syntax: $REPLACE( text, start, num, new )
  • Example: %CALC{"$REPLACE(abcdefghijk,6,5,*)"}% returns abcde*k
  • Related: $FIND(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), $TRANSLATE()

RIGHT( ) -- address range of cells to the right of the current cell

  • Syntax: $RIGHT( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM($RIGHT())"}% returns the sum of cells to the right of the current cell
  • Related: $ABOVE(), $LEFT()

ROUND( formula, digits ) -- round a number

  • Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result up or down to the number of digits if digits is positive; to the nearest integer if digits is missing; or to the left of the decimal point if digits is negative
  • Syntax: $ROUND( formula, digits )
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.15, 1)"}% returns 3.2
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(3.149, 1)"}% returns 3.1
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(-2.475, 2)"}% returns -2.48
  • Example: %CALC{"$ROUND(34.9, -1)"}% returns 30
  • Related: $INT(), $FORMAT()

ROW( offset ) -- current row number

  • The current table row number with an optional offset
  • Syntax: $ROW( offset )
  • Example: To get the number of rows excluding table heading (first row) and summary row (last row you are in), write: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}%
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $T()

SEARCH( string, text, start ) -- search a string within a text

  • Finds one text string, within another text, and returns the number of the starting position of string, from the first character of text. This search is a RegularExpression search; use $FIND() for non-regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched
  • Syntax: $SEARCH( string, text, start )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy)"}% returns 3
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy, 3)"}% returns 6
  • Example: %CALC{"$SEARCH([abc], fluffy,)"}% returns 0
  • Related: $FIND(), $REPLACE()

SET( name, value ) -- set a variable for later use

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulas are evaluated before the variable assignment. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables
  • Syntax: $SET( name, value )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SET(my_total, $SUM($ABOVE()))"}% sets the my_total variable to the sum of all table cells located above the current cell and returns an empty string
  • Related: $GET(), SETM()

SETM( name, formula ) -- update an existing variable based on a formula

  • Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the formula. The formula must start with an operator to + (add), - (subtract), * (multiply), or / (divide) something to the variable. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables
  • Syntax: $SETM( name, formula )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SETM(total, + $SUM($LEFT()))"}% adds the sum of all table cells on the left to the total variable, and returns an empty string
  • Related: $GET(), $SET()

SIGN( num ) -- sign of a number

  • Returns -1 if num is negative, 0 if zero, or 1 if positive
  • Syntax: $SIGN( num )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SIGN(-12.5)"}% returns -1
  • Related: $ABS(), $EVAL(), $INT(), $NOT()

SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option ) -- substitute text

  • Substitutes new text for old text in a text string. instance specifies which occurance of old you want to replace. If you specify instance, only that instance is replaced. Otherwise, every occurance is changed to the new text. A literal search is performed by default; a RegularExpression search if the option is set to r
  • Syntax: $SUBSTITUTE( text, old, new, instance, option )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Good morning, morning, day)"}% returns Good day
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3)"}% returns Q3-3003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3,3)"}% returns Q2-2003
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(abc123def,[0-9],9,,r)"}% returns abc999def
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $TRANSLATE()

SUM( list ) -- sum of a list or range of cells

  • Syntax: $SUM( list )
  • Example: To sum up column 5 excluding the title row, write %CALC{"$SUM(R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5)"}% in the last row; or simply %CALC{"$SUM($ABOVE())"}%
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUMPRODUCT()

SUMDAYS( list ) -- sum the days in a list or range of cells

  • The total number of days in a list or range of cells containing numbers of hours, days or weeks. The default unit is days; units are indicated by a h, hours, d, days, w, weeks suffix. One week is assumed to have 5 working days, one day 8 hours
  • Syntax: $SUMDAYS( list )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUMDAYS(2w, 1, 2d, 4h)"}% returns 13.5, the evaluation of (2*5 + 1 + 2 + 4/8)
  • Related: $SUM(), $TIME(), $FORMATTIME()

SUMPRODUCT( list, list ) -- scalar product on ranges of cells

  • Syntax: $SUMPRODUCT( list, list, list... )
  • Example: %CALC{"$SUM(R2:C1..R4:C1, R2:C5..R4:C5)"}% evaluates and returns the result of ($T(R2:C1) * $T(R2:C5) + $T(R3:C1) * $T(R3:C5) + $T(R4:C1) * $T(R4:C5))
  • Related: $LIST(), $PRODUCT(), $SUM()

T( address ) -- content of a cell

  • Syntax: $T( address )
  • Example: %CALC{"$T(R1:C5)"}% returns the text in cell R1:C5
  • Related: $COLUMN(), $ROW()

TRANSLATE( text, from, to ) -- translate text from one set of characters to another

  • The translation is done from a set to a set, one character by one. The text may contain commas; all three parameters are required. In the from and to parameters you can write $comma to escape comma, $sp to escape space
  • Syntax: $TRANSLATE( text, from, to )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(boom,bm,cl)"}% returns cool
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRANSLATE(one, two,$comma,;)"}% returns one; two
  • Related: $REPLACE(), $SUBSTITUTE()

TIME( text ) -- convert a date string into a serialized date number

  • Serialized date is seconds since the Epoch, e.g. midnight, 01 Jan 1970. Current time is taken if the date string is empty. Supported date formats: 31 Dec 2009; 31 Dec 2009 GMT; 31 Dec 09; 31-Dec-2009; 31/Dec/2009; 2009/12/31; 2009-12-31; 2009/12/31; 2009/12/31 23:59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59; 2009-12-31-23-59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59:59; 2009.12.31.23.59.59. Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone
  • Syntax: $TIME( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIME(2003/10/14 GMT)"}% returns 1066089600
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

TIMEADD( serial, value, unit ) -- add a value to a serialized date

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year. Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations
  • Syntax: $TIMEADD( serial, value, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEADD($TIME(), 2, week)"}%
  • Related: $(), $() returns the serialized date two weeks from now
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY()

TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit ) -- time difference between two serialized dates

  • The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be specified as in $TIMEADD(). Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. Use $FORMAT() or $INT() to format real numbers
  • Syntax: $TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TIMEDIFF($TIME(), $EVAL($TIME()+90), minute)"}% returns 1.5
  • Related: $FORMAT(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $INT(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TODAY()

TODAY( ) -- serialized date of today at midnight GMT

  • In contrast, the related $TIME() returns the serialized date of today at the current time, e.g. it includes the number of seconds since midnight GMT
  • Syntax: $TODAY( )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TODAY()"}% returns the number of seconds since Epoch
  • Related: $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TIMEDIFF()

TRIM( text ) -- trim spaces from text

  • Removes all spaces from text except for single spaces between words
  • Syntax: $TRIM( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$TRIM( eat  spaces  )"}% returns eat spaces
  • Related: $EXACT(), $PROPERSPACE()

UPPER( text ) -- upper case string of a text

VALUE( text ) -- convert text to number

  • Extracts a number from text. Returns 0 if not found
  • Syntax: $VALUE( text )
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(US$1,200)"}% returns 1200
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(PrjNotebook1234)"}% returns 1234
  • Example: %CALC{"$VALUE(Total: -12.5)"}% returns -12.5
  • Related: $EVAL(), $INT()
 

Bug Tracking Example

Bug#: Priority: Subject: Status: Days to fix
Bug:1231 Low File Open ... Open 3
Bug:1232 High Memory Window ... Fixed 2
Bug:1233 Medium Usability issue ... Assigned 5
Bug:1234 High No arrange ... Fixed 1
Total: 4 High: 2
Low: 1
Medium: 1
. Assigned: 1
Fixed: 2
Open: 1
Total: 11

The last row is defined as:

| Total: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}% \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% | . \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% \ 
  |  Total: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% |

Above table is created manually. Another Plugin could build the table dynamically, e.g. by pulling data out of a bug tracking system. The Spreadsheet Plugin can be used to display table data statistics.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, i.e. %SPREADSHEETPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%

  • One line description, is shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Add spreadsheet calculation like "$SUM( $ABOVE() )" to tables located in KoreaCmsWiki? topics.

  • Debug plugin: (See output in data/debug.txt)
    • Set DEBUG = 0

  • Do not handle %CALC{}% tag in included topic while including topic: (default: 1)
    • Set SKIPINCLUDE = 1

  • WikiWords to exclude from being spaced out by the $PROPERSPACE(text) function. This comma delimited list can be overloaded by a DONTSPACE preferences variable:
    • Set DONTSPACE = CodeWarrior, MacDonald, McIntosh, RedHat, SuSE

Plugin Installation Instructions

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. Below installation instructions are for the administrator who needs to install this plugin on the TWiki server.

  • Download the ZIP file from the SpreadSheetPlugin home
  • Unzip SpreadSheetPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt Plugin topic
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt,v Plugin topic repository
    lib/TWiki/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
  • Test if the "Total" in the first table in this topic is correct.

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny
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Plugin Version: 03 Apr 2004
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Plugin Version: 24 May 2004
 
Change History:
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24 May 2004: Refactored documentation (no code changes)
 
03 Apr 2004: Added $ABS(), $LISTIF(); fixed $VALUE() to remove leading zeros; changed $FIND() and $SEARCH() to return 0 instead of empty string if no match
21 Mar 2004: Added $LISTITEM(); fixed call to unofficial function
16 Mar 2004: Added $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SETM(); retired $COUNTUNIQUE() in favor of $COUNTITEMS($LISTUNIQUE()); fixed evaluation order issue of $IF(); fixed missing eval error messages suppressed since version 06 Mar 2004; redirect stderr messages to warning
08 Mar 2004: Added $LIST()
06 Mar 2004: Added $AND(), $MOD(), $NOT(), $OR(), $PRODUCT(), $PROPER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $RAND(), $REPEAT(), $SIGN(), $VALUE(); added digits parameter to $ROUND(); renamed $MULT() to $PRODUCT(); $MULT() is deprecated and undocumented
27 Feb 2004: Added $COUNTUNIQUE()
24 Oct 2003: Added $SET(), $GET(), $MEDIAN(); added $SUMPRODUCT(), inspired by TWiki:Main/RobertWithrow; added $SUMDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/SvenDowideit
21 Oct 2003: Added support for lists (1, 2, 3) and lists of table ranges (R1:C1..R1:C5, R3:C1..R3:C5) for all functions that accept a table range; added $TIMEADD(); in $TIMEDIFF() added week unit; in $FORMATTIME() changed $weekday to $wd and added $wday and $weekday
14 Oct 2003: Added $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF()
13 Oct 2003: Added $MULT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/GerritJanBaarda
30 Jul 2003: Added $TRANSLATE()
19 Jul 2003: Added $FIND(), $NOP(), $REPLACE(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), contributed by TWiki:Main/PaulineCheung
19 Apr 2003: Added $COUNTSTR(), $EXACT(), $IF(), $ROUND(), $TRIM(); added $FORMAT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/JimStraus; support % modulus operator in $EVAL, $INT, and $ROUND; fixed bug in $DEF
07 Jun 2002: Added $DEF(), contributed by TWiki:Main/MartinFuzzey; allow values with HTML formatting like <u>102</u>, suggested by TWiki:Main/GladeDiviney; added SKIPINCLUDE setting
12 Mar 2002: Support for multiple functions per nesting level
15 Jan 2002: Added $CHAR(), $CODE() and $LENGTH()
12 Nov 2001: Added $RIGHT()
12 Aug 2001: Fixed bug of disappearing multi-column cells
19 Jul 2001: Fixed incorrect $SUM calculation of cell with value 0
14 Jul 2001: Changed to plug & play
01 Jun 2001: Fixed insecure dependencies for $MIN and $MAX
16 Apr 2001: Fixed div by 0 bug in $AVERAGE
17 Mar 2001: Initial version
CPAN Dependencies: none
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 99%, FormattedSearch 99%, SpreadSheetPlugin 95%
Other Dependencies: none
Perl Version: 5.000 and up
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginDev

Related Topics: TWikiPreferences, TWikiPlugins

Changed:
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-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 03 Apr 2004
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-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 24 May 2004
Added:
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Revision 82004-04-03 - PeterThoeny?

 

TWiki Spreadsheet Plugin

This Plugin adds speadsheet capabilities to KoreaCmsWiki? topics. Formulae like %CALC{"$INT(7/3)"}% are evaluated at page view time. They can be placed in table cells and outside of tables. In other words, this Plugin provides general formula evaluation capability, not just classic spreadsheet functions.

Changed:
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Example:
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Example:
 
Region: Sales:
Northeast 320
Northwest 580
South 240
Europe 610
Asia 220
Total: 1970
Added:
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      Interactive example:

Formula: %CALC{""}%  
Result:     guest

 The formula next to "Total" is %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%.
(you see the formula instead of the sum in case the Plugin is not installed or not enabled.)
Added:
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Added:
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Syntax Rules

The action of this Plugin is triggered by the %CALC{"..."}% variable, which gets rendered according to the built-in function(s) found between the quotes.

  • Built-in function are of format $FUNCNAME(parameter)
  • Functions may be nested, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN(0)..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN(0) )"}%
  • Functions are evaluated from left to right, and from inside to outside if nested
  • The function parameter can be text; a mathematical formula; a cell address; or a range of cell addresses
  • Multiple parameters form a list; they are separated by a comma, followed by optional space, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, 7 )"}%
  • A table cell can be addressed as R1:C1. Table address matrix:
    R1:C1 R1:C2 R1:C3 R1:C4
    R2:C1 R2:C2 R2:C3 R2:C4
  • A table cell range is defined by two cell addresses separated by "..", e.g. "row 1 through 20, column 3" is: R1:C3..R20:C3
  • Lists can refer to values and/or table cell ranges, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, $T(R1:C7), R1:C11..R1:C15 )"}%
  • Formulae can only reference cells in the current or preceeding row of the current table; they may not reference cells below the current table row
  • Formulae can also be placed outside of tables; they can reference cells in the preceeding table

Built-in Functions

Function Description
"$ABOVE()" The address range of cells above the current cell
"$ABS(num)" The absolute value of a number. Example: %CALC{"$ABS(-12.5)"}% returns 12.5
"$AND(list)" The logcial AND of a list. Example: %CALC{"$AND(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 0
"$AVERAGE(list)" The average of a list or a range of cells. Example: To get the average of column 5 excluding the title row, write in the last row: %CALC{"$AVERAGE( R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5 )"}%
"$CHAR(number)" The ASCII character represented by number. Example: %CALC{"$CHAR(97)"}% returns a
"$CODE(text)" The ASCII numeric value of the first character in text. Example: %CALC{"$CODE(abc)"}% returns 97
"$COLUMN(offset)" The current column number with an optional offset
"$COUNTITEMS(list)" Counts individual items in a list. Example: %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( $ABOVE() )"}% returns Closed: 1, Open: 2 assuming one cell above the current cell contains Closed and two cells contain Open
"$COUNTSTR(list, str)" Counts the number of cells in a list equal to a given string (if str is specified), or counts the number of non empty cells in a list. Example: To count the number of non empty cells above the current cell, write %CALC{"$COUNTSTR( $ABOVE() )"}%; to count the number of cells equal to DONE, write %CALC{"$COUNTSTR( $ABOVE(), DONE )"}%;
"$DEF(list)" Returns the first list item or cell reference that is not empty. Example: %CALC{"$DEF( R1:C1..R1:C3 )"}%
"$EVAL(formula)" Evaluates a simple formula. Only addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted. Example: %CALC{"$EVAL( (5 * 3) / 2 + 1.1 )"}% returns 8.6
"$EXACT(text1, text2)" Compares two text strings and returns 1 if they are exactly the same, or 0 if not. Example: %CALC{"$EXACT( foo, Foo )"}% returns 0; %CALC{"$EXACT( foo, $LOWER(Foo) )"}% returns 1
"$FIND(search_string, text, start_index)" Finds one text string search_string, within another text string text, and returns the number of the starting position of search_string, from the first character of text. This search is case sensitive and is not a regular expression search; use $SEARCH() for regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched. Examples:
%CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy)"}% returns 1
%CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy, 2)"}% returns 4
%CALC{"$FIND(@, fluffy, 1)"}% returns 0
"$FORMAT(type, prec, number)" Formats a number to a certain type and precision. Types with examples:
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( COMMA, 2, 12345.6789 )"}% returns 12,345.68
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( DOLLAR, 2, 12345.67 )"}% returns $12,345.68
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( NUMBER, 1, 12345.67 )"}% returns 12345.7
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( PERCENT, 1, 0.1234567 )"}% returns 12.3%
"$FORMATTIME(serial, text)" Convert a serialized date into a date string; the following variables in text are expanded: $second (seconds, 00..59); $minute (minutes, 00..59); $hour (hours, 00..23); $day (day of month, 01..31); $month (month, 01..12); $mon (month in text format, Jan..Dec); $year (4 digit year, 1999); $ye (2 digit year, 99), $wd (day number of the week, 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, etc), $wday (day of the week, Sun..Sat), $weekday (day of the week, Sunday..Saturday), $yearday (day of the year, 1..365, or 1..366 in leap years). Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone. See also $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF(). Example: %CALC{"$FORMATTIME(0, $year/$month/$day GMT)"}% returns 1970/01/01 GMT
"$FORMATGMTIME(serial, text)" Convert a serialized date into a date string in Greenwich time zone. Same variables expansion as in $FORMATTIME(). Example: %CALC{"$FORMATGMTIME(1041379200, $day $mon $year)"}% returns 01 Jan 2003
"$GET(name)" Get the value of a previously set variable. Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores). An empty string is returned if the variable does not exist. Use $SET() to set a variable first. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables. See also $SET(). Example: %CALC{"$GET(my_total)"}% returns the value of the my_total variable
"$IF(condition, value if true, value if 0)" Returns one value if a condition is met, and another value if not. The condition can be a number (where 0 means condition not met), or two numbers with a comparison operator < (less than), <= (less than or equal), == (equal), != (not equal), >= (greater than or equal), > (greater than). Examples:
%CALC{"$IF( $T(R1:C5) > 1000, Over Budget, OK)"}% returns Over Budget if value in R1:C5 is over 1000, OK if not
%CALC{"$IF( $EXACT($T(R1:C2),), empty, $T(R1:C2))"}% returns the content of R1:C2 or empty if empty
%CALC{"$SET(val, $IF( $T(R1:C2) == 0, zero, $T(R1:C2)))"}% sets a variable conditionally
"$INT(formula)" Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result down to the nearest integer. Example: %CALC{"$INT(10 / 4)"}% returns 2
"$LEFT()" The address range of cells to the left of the current cell
"$LENGTH(text)" The length in bytes of text. Example: %CALC{"$LENGTH(abcd)"}% returns 4
"$LIST(range)" Converts the content of a range of cells into a flat list, delimited by comma. Cells containing commas are merged into the list. Example: %CALC{"$LIST( $LEFT() )"}% returns Apples, Lemons, Oranges, Kiwis assuming the cells to the left contain | Apples | Lemons, Oranges | Kiwis |
Changed:
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"$LISTIF(condition, list)" Remove elements from a list that do not meet a condition. In addition to the condition described in $IF(), you can use $item to indicate the current element. Examples:
%CALC{"$LISTIF($item > 12, 14, 7, 25)"}% returns 14, 25
%CALC{"$LISTIF($NOT($EXACT($item,)), A, B, , C)"}% returns A, B, C
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"$LISTIF(condition, list)" Remove elements from a list that do not meet a condition. In addition to the condition described in $IF(), you can use $item to indicate the current element, and $index for the list index, starting at 1. Examples:
%CALC{"$LISTIF($item > 12, 14, 7, 25)"}% returns 14, 25
%CALC{"$LISTIF($NOT($EXACT($item,)), A, B, , E)"}% returns non-empty elements A, B, E
%CALC{"$LISTIF($index > 2, A, B, C, D)"}% returns C, D
 
"$LISTITEM(index, list)" Get one element of a list. Index is 1 to size of list; use a negative number to count from the end of the list. Examples:
%CALC{"$LISTITEM(2, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Orange
%CALC{"$LISTITEM(-1, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Kiwi
"$LISTMAP(formula, list)" Evaluate and update each element of a list. In the formula you can use $item to indicate the element; $index to show the index of the list, starting at 1. Example: %CALC{"$LISTMAP($index: $EVAL(2 * $item), 3, 5, 7, 11)"}% returns 1: 6, 2: 10, 3: 14, 4: 22
"$LISTREVERSE(list)" The opposite order of a list. Example: %CALC{"$LISTREVERSE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Kiwi, Apple, Orange, Apple
"$LISTSIZE(list)" The number of elements in a list. Example: %CALC{"$LISTSIZE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns 4
"$LISTSORT(list)" Sorts a list in ASCII order, or numerically if all elements are numeric. Example: %CALC{"$LISTSORT(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Apple, Apple, Kiwi, Orange
"$LISTUNIQUE(list)" Removes all duplicates from a list. Example: %CALC{"$LISTUNIQUE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Apple, Orange, Kiwi
"$LOWER(text)" The lower case string of a text. Example: %CALC{"$LOWER( $T(R1:C5) )"}% returns the lower case string of the text in cell R1:C5
"$MAX(list)" The biggest value of a list or range of cells. Example: To find the biggest number to the left of the current cell, write: %CALC{"$MAX( $LEFT() )"}%
"$MEDIAN(list)" The median of a list or range of cells. Example: %CALC{"$MEDIAN(3, 9, 4, 5)"}% returns 4.5
"$MIN(list)" The smallest value of a list or range of cells. Example: %CALC{"$MIN(15, 3, 28)"}% returns 3
"$MOD(num, divisor)" The reminder after dividing num by divisor. Example: %CALC{"$MOD(7, 3)"}% returns 1
"$NOP(text)" A no-operation. Allows one to defy the order of Plugin execution. For example, it will allow preprossing to be done before %SEARCH{}% is evaluated. Use $per to escape '%'.
"$NOT(num)" The reverse logic of a number. Returns 0 if num is not zero, 1 if zero. Example: %CALC{"$NOT(0)"}% returns 1
"$OR(list)" The logcial OR of a list. Example: %CALC{"$OR(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 1
"$PRODUCT(list)" The product of a list or range of cells. Example: to calculate the product of the cells to the left of the current one use %CALC{"$PRODUCT($LEFT())"}%
"$PROPER(text)" Capitalizes letters in text that follow any character other than a letter. Converts all other letters to lowercase letters. Examples:
%CALC{"PROPER(a small STEP)"}% returns A Small Step
%CALC{"PROPER(f1 (formula-1))"}% returns F1 (Formula 1)
"$PROPERSPACE(text)" Properly spaces out WikiWords preceeded by white space, parenthesis, or ][. Words listed in the DONTSPACE TWikiPreferences variable or DONTSPACE Plugins setting are excluded. Example, assuming DONTSPACE contains McIntosh: %CALC{"PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
"$RAND(max)" Random number, evenly distributed between 0 and max, or 0 and 1 if max is not specified.
"$REPEAT(text)" Repeat text a number of times. Example: %CALC{"$REPEAT(/\, 5)"}% returns /\/\/\/\/\
"$REPLACE(text, start_num, num_chars, new_text)" Replaces part of text string text, based on the starting position start_num, and the number of characters to replace num_chars. The characters are replaced with new_text. Starting position is 1; use a negative start_num to count from the end of the text. See also $SUBSTITUTE(), $TRANSLATE(). Example:
%CALC{"$REPLACE(abcdefghijk,6,5,*)"}% returns abcde*k
"$RIGHT()" The address range of cells to the right of the current cell
"$ROUND(formula, digits)" Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result up or down to the number of digits if digits is positive; to the nearest integer if digits is missing; or to the left of the decimal point if digits is negative. Examples:
%CALC{"$ROUND(3.15, 1)"}% returns 3.2
%CALC{"$ROUND(3.149, 1)"}% returns 3.1
%CALC{"$ROUND(-2.475, 2)"}% returns -2.48
%CALC{"$ROUND(34.9, -1)"}% returns 30
"$ROW(offset)" The current row number with an offset. Example: To get the number of rows excluding table heading ( first row) and summary row (last row you are in), write: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}%
"$SEARCH(search_string, text, start_index)" Finds one text string search_string, within another text string text, and returns the number of the starting position of search_string, from the first character of text. This search a RegularExpression search; use $FIND() for non-regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; a 0 is returned if nothing is matched. Examples:
%CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy)"}% returns 3
%CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy, 3)"}% returns 6
%CALC{"$SEARCH([abc], fluffy,)"}% returns 0
"$SET(name, value)" Set a variable for later use. Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulas are evaluated before the variable assignment. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables. See also $GET(). Example: %CALC{"$SET( my_total, $SUM($ABOVE()) )"}% sets the my_total variable to the sum of all table cells located above the current cell and returns an empty string
"$SETM(name, formula)" Updates an existing variable based on a formula. Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the formula. The formula must start with an operator to + (add), - (subtract), * (multiply), or / (divide) something to the variable. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Example: %CALC{"$SETM( total, + $SUM($LEFT()) )"}% adds the sum of all table cells on the left to the total variable, and returns an empty string
"$SIGN(num)" The sign of a number. Returns -1 if num is negative, 0 if zero, or 1 if positive. Example: %CALC{"$SIGN(-12.5)"}% returns -1
"$SUBSTITUTE(text, old, new, instance, option)" Substitutes new text for old text in a text string. instance specifies which occurance of old you want to replace. If you specify instance, only that instance is replaced. Otherwise, every occurance is changed to the new text. A literal search is performed by default; a RegularExpression search if the option is set to r. See also $REPLACE(), $TRANSLATE(). Examples:
%CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Good morning, morning, day)"}% returns Good day
%CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3)"}% returns Q3-3003
%CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(Q2-2002,2,3,3)"}% returns Q2-2003
%CALC{"$SUBSTITUTE(abc123def,[0-9],9,,r)"}% returns abc999def
"$SUM(list)" The sum of a list or range of cells. Example: To sum up column 5 excluding the title row, write: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5 )"}% in the last row; or simply %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%
"$SUMDAYS(list)" The total number of days in a list or range of cells containing numbers of hours, days or weeks. The default unit is days; units are indicated by a h, hours, d, days, w, weeks suffix. One week is assumed to have 5 working days, one day 8 hours. Example: %CALC{"$SUMDAYS( 2w, 1, 2d, 4h )"}% returns 13.5, the evaluation of (2*5 + 1 + 2 + 4/8)
"$SUMPRODUCT(list, list, ...)" The scalar product on ranges of cells. Example: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C1..R4:C1, R2:C5..R4:C5 )"}% evaluates and returns ($T(R2:C1) * $T(R2:C5) + $T(R3:C1) * $T(R3:C5) + $T(R4:C1) * $T(R4:C5))
"$T(address)" The content of a cell. Example: %CALC{"$T(R1:C5)"}% returns the text in cell R1:C5
"$TRANSLATE(text, from, to)" Translate text from a set of characters to another set, one character by one. The text may contain commas; the last two comma separated parameters are required. For from and to parameters, you can write $comma to escape comma, $sp to escape space. See also $REPLACE(), $SUBSTITUTE(). Examples:
%CALC{"$TRANSLATE(boom,bm,cl)"}% returns cool
%CALC{"$TRANSLATE(one, two,$comma,;)"}% returns one; two
"$TIME(text)" Converts a date string into a serialized date number (seconds since the Epoch, e.g. midnight, 01 Jan 1970). Current time is taken if the date string is empty. Supported date formats: 31 Dec 2009; 31 Dec 2009 GMT; 31 Dec 09; 31-Dec-2009; 31/Dec/2009; 2009/12/31; 2009-12-31; 2009/12/31; 2009/12/31 23:59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59; 2009-12-31-23-59; 2009/12/31 - 23:59:59; 2009.12.31.23.59.59. Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone. See also $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF(). Example: %CALC{"$TIME( 2003/10/14 GMT )"}% returns 1066089600
"$TIMEADD( serial, value, unit )" Add a value to a serialized date. The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year. Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. See also $TIME(), $TIMEDIFF(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(). Example: %CALC{"$TIMEADD( $TIME(), 2, week )"}% returns the serialized date two weeks from now
"$TIMEDIFF( serial_1, serial_2, unit )" Time difference between two serialized dates. The unit is seconds if not specified; unit can be specified as in $TIMEADD(). Note: An approximation is used for month and year calculations. Use $FORMAT() or $INT() to format real numbers. See also $TIME(), $TIMEADD(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(). Example: %CALC{"$TIMEDIFF( $TIME(), $EVAL($TIME()+90), minute )"}% returns 1.5
"$TODAY()" Get the serialized date of today at midnight GMT. The related $TIME() returns the serialized date of today at the current time, e.g. it includes the number of seconds since midnight GMT. See also $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF(). Example: %CALC{"$TODAY()"}% returns the number of seconds since Epoch
"$TRIM(text)" Removes all spaces from text except for single spaces between words. Example: %CALC{"$TRIM( eat  spaces  )"}% returns eat spaces.
"$UPPER(text)" The upper case string of a text. Example: %CALC{"$UPPER( $T(R1:C5) )"}% returns the upper case string of the text in cell R1:C5
"$VALUE(text)" Extracts a number from text. Returns 0 if not found. Examples:
%CALC{"$VALUE(US$1,200)"}% returns 1200
%CALC{"$VALUE(PrjNotebook1234)"}% returns 1234
%CALC{"$VALUE(Total: -12.5)"}% returns -12.5

Bug Tracking Example

Bug#: Priority: Subject: Status: Days to fix
Bug:1231 Low File Open ... Open 3
Bug:1232 High Memory Window ... Fixed 2
Bug:1233 Medium Usability issue ... Assigned 5
Bug:1234 High No arrange ... Fixed 1
Total: 4 High: 2
Low: 1
Medium: 1
. Assigned: 1
Fixed: 2
Open: 1
Total: 11

The last row is defined as:

| Total: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}% \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% | . \ 
  | %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% \ 
  |  Total: %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN()..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN() )"}% |

Above table is created manually. Another Plugin could build the table dynamically, e.g. by pulling data out of a bug tracking system. The Spreadsheet Plugin can be used to display table data statistics.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, i.e. %SPREADSHEETPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%

  • One line description, is shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Add spreadsheet calculation like "$SUM( $ABOVE() )" to tables located in KoreaCmsWiki? topics.

  • Debug plugin: (See output in data/debug.txt)
    • Set DEBUG = 0

  • Do not handle %CALC{}% tag in included topic while including topic: (default: 1)
    • Set SKIPINCLUDE = 1

  • WikiWords to exclude from being spaced out by the $PROPERSPACE(text) function. This comma delimited list can be overloaded by a DONTSPACE preferences variable:
    • Set DONTSPACE = CodeWarrior, MacDonald, McIntosh, RedHat, SuSE

Plugin Installation Instructions

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. Below installation instructions are for the administrator who needs to install this plugin on the TWiki server.

  • Download the ZIP file from the SpreadSheetPlugin home
  • Unzip SpreadSheetPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt Plugin topic
    data/TWiki/SpreadSheetPlugin.txt,v Plugin topic repository
    lib/TWiki/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
  • Test if the "Total" in the first table in this topic is correct.

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny
Plugin Version: 03 Apr 2004
Change History:
<-- specify latest version first -->
 
03 Apr 2004: Added $ABS(), $LISTIF(); fixed $VALUE() to remove leading zeros; changed $FIND() and $SEARCH() to return 0 instead of empty string if no match
21 Mar 2004: Added $LISTITEM(); fixed call to unofficial function
16 Mar 2004: Added $LISTMAP(), $LISTREVERSE(), $LISTSIZE(), $LISTSORT(), $LISTUNIQUE(), $SETM(); retired $COUNTUNIQUE() in favor of $COUNTITEMS($LISTUNIQUE()); fixed evaluation order issue of $IF(); fixed missing eval error messages suppressed since version 06 Mar 2004; redirect stderr messages to warning
08 Mar 2004: Added $LIST()
06 Mar 2004: Added $AND(), $MOD(), $NOT(), $OR(), $PRODUCT(), $PROPER(), $PROPERSPACE(), $RAND(), $REPEAT(), $SIGN(), $VALUE(); added digits parameter to $ROUND(); renamed $MULT() to $PRODUCT(); $MULT() is deprecated and undocumented
27 Feb 2004: Added $COUNTUNIQUE()
24 Oct 2003: Added $SET(), $GET(), $MEDIAN(); added $SUMPRODUCT(), inspired by TWiki:Main/RobertWithrow; added $SUMDAYS(), contributed by TWiki:Main/SvenDowideit
21 Oct 2003: Added support for lists (1, 2, 3) and lists of table ranges (R1:C1..R1:C5, R3:C1..R3:C5) for all functions that accept a table range; added $TIMEADD(); in $TIMEDIFF() added week unit; in $FORMATTIME() changed $weekday to $wd and added $wday and $weekday
14 Oct 2003: Added $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATTIME(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF()
13 Oct 2003: Added $MULT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/GerritJanBaarda
30 Jul 2003: Added $TRANSLATE()
19 Jul 2003: Added $FIND(), $NOP(), $REPLACE(), $SEARCH(), $SUBSTITUTE(), contributed by TWiki:Main/PaulineCheung
19 Apr 2003: Added $COUNTSTR(), $EXACT(), $IF(), $ROUND(), $TRIM(); added $FORMAT(), contributed by TWiki:Main/JimStraus; support % modulus operator in $EVAL, $INT, and $ROUND; fixed bug in $DEF
07 Jun 2002: Added $DEF(), contributed by TWiki:Main/MartinFuzzey; allow values with HTML formatting like <u>102</u>, suggested by TWiki:Main/GladeDiviney; added SKIPINCLUDE setting
12 Mar 2002: Support for multiple functions per nesting level
15 Jan 2002: Added $CHAR(), $CODE() and $LENGTH()
12 Nov 2001: Added $RIGHT()
12 Aug 2001: Fixed bug of disappearing multi-column cells
19 Jul 2001: Fixed incorrect $SUM calculation of cell with value 0
14 Jul 2001: Changed to plug & play
01 Jun 2001: Fixed insecure dependencies for $MIN and $MAX
16 Apr 2001: Fixed div by 0 bug in $AVERAGE
17 Mar 2001: Initial version
CPAN Dependencies: none
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 99%, FormattedSearch 99%, SpreadSheetPlugin 95%
Other Dependencies: none
Perl Version: 5.000 and up
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/SpreadSheetPluginDev

Related Topics: TWikiPreferences, TWikiPlugins

-- TWiki:Main/PeterThoeny - 03 Apr 2004

Revision 72004-04-03 - PeterThoeny?

Changed:
<
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TWiki Spreadsheet Plugin

This Plugin adds speadsheet capabilities to KoreaCmsWiki? topics. Formulae like %CALC{"$INT(7/3)"}% are evaluated at page view time. They can be placed in table cells and outside of tables. In other words, this Plugin provides general formula evaluation capability, not just classic spreadsheet functions.

Example:

Region: Sales:
Northeast 320
Northwest 580
South 240
Europe 610
Asia 220
Total: 1970

The formula next to "Total" is %CALC{"$SUM( $ABOVE() )"}%.
(you see the formula instead of the sum in case the Plugin is not installed or not enabled.)

Syntax Rules

The action of this Plugin is triggered by the %CALC{"..."}% variable, which gets rendered according to the built-in function(s) found between the quotes.

  • Built-in function are of format $FUNCNAME(parameter)
  • Functions may be nested, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( R2:C$COLUMN(0)..R$ROW(-1):C$COLUMN(0) )"}%
  • Functions are evaluated from left to right, and from inside to outside if nested
  • The function parameter can be text; a mathematical formula; a cell address; or a range of cell addresses
  • Multiple parameters form a list; they are separated by a comma, followed by optional space, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, 7 )"}%
  • A table cell can be addressed as R1:C1. Table address matrix:
    R1:C1 R1:C2 R1:C3 R1:C4
    R2:C1 R2:C2 R2:C3 R2:C4
  • A table cell range is defined by two cell addresses separated by "..", e.g. "row 1 through 20, column 3" is: R1:C3..R20:C3
  • Lists can refer to values and/or table cell ranges, e.g. %CALC{"$SUM( 3, 5, $T(R1:C7), R1:C11..R1:C15 )"}%
  • Formulae can only reference cells in the current or preceeding row of the current table; they may not reference cells below the current table row
  • Formulae can also be placed outside of tables; they can reference cells in the preceeding table

Built-in Functions

Function Description
"$ABOVE()" The address range of cells above the current cell
"$AND(list)" The logcial AND of a list. Example: %CALC{"$AND(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 0
"$AVERAGE(list)" The average of a list or a range of cells. Example: To get the average of column 5 excluding the title row, write in the last row: %CALC{"$AVERAGE( R2:C5..R$ROW(-1):C5 )"}%
"$CHAR(number)" The ASCII character represented by number. Example: %CALC{"$CHAR(97)"}% returns a
"$CODE(text)" The ASCII numeric value of the first character in text. Example: %CALC{"$CODE(abc)"}% returns 97
"$COLUMN(offset)" The current column number with an optional offset
"$COUNTITEMS(list)" Counts individual items in a list. Example: %CALC{"$COUNTITEMS( $ABOVE() )"}% returns Closed: 1, Open: 2 assuming one cell above the current cell contains Closed and two cells contain Open
"$COUNTSTR(list, str)" Counts the number of cells in a list equal to a given string (if str is specified), or counts the number of non empty cells in a list. Example: To count the number of non empty cells above the current cell, write %CALC{"$COUNTSTR( $ABOVE() )"}%; to count the number of cells equal to DONE, write %CALC{"$COUNTSTR( $ABOVE(), DONE )"}%;
"$DEF(list)" Returns the first list item or cell reference that is not empty. Example: %CALC{"$DEF( R1:C1..R1:C3 )"}%
"$EVAL(formula)" Evaluates a simple formula. Only addition, substraction, multiplication, division and modulus of numbers are supported. Any nesting is permitted. Example: %CALC{"$EVAL( (5 * 3) / 2 + 1.1 )"}% returns 8.6
"$EXACT(text1, text2)" Compares two text strings and returns 1 if they are exactly the same, or 0 if not. Example: %CALC{"$EXACT( foo, Foo )"}% returns 0; %CALC{"$EXACT( foo, $LOWER(Foo) )"}% returns 1
"$FIND(search_string, text, start_index)" Finds one text string search_string, within another text string text, and returns the number of the starting position of search_string, from the first character of text. This search is case sensitive and is not a regular expression search; use $SEARCH() for regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; an empty string is returned if nothing is matched. Examples:
%CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy)"}% returns 1
%CALC{"$FIND(f, fluffy, 2)"}% returns 4
%CALC{"$FIND(@, fluffy, 1)"}% returns an empty string
"$FORMAT(type, prec, number)" Formats a number to a certain type and precision. Types with examples:
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( COMMA, 2, 12345.6789 )"}% returns 12,345.68
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( DOLLAR, 2, 12345.67 )"}% returns $12,345.68
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( NUMBER, 1, 12345.67 )"}% returns 12345.7
  - %CALC{"$FORMAT( PERCENT, 1, 0.1234567 )"}% returns 12.3%
"$FORMATTIME(serial, text)" Convert a serialized date into a date string; the following variables in text are expanded: $second (seconds, 00..59); $minute (minutes, 00..59); $hour (hours, 00..23); $day (day of month, 01..31); $month (month, 01..12); $mon (month in text format, Jan..Dec); $year (4 digit year, 1999); $ye (2 digit year, 99), $wd (day number of the week, 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, etc), $wday (day of the week, Sun..Sat), $weekday (day of the week, Sunday..Saturday), $yearday (day of the year, 1..365, or 1..366 in leap years). Date is assumed to be server time; add GMT to indicate Greenwich time zone. See also $TIME(), $TODAY(), $FORMATGMTIME(), $TIMEDIFF(). Example: %CALC{"$FORMATTIME(0, $year/$month/$day GMT)"}% returns 1970/01/01 GMT
"$FORMATGMTIME(serial, text)" Convert a serialized date into a date string in Greenwich time zone. Same variables expansion as in $FORMATTIME(). Example: %CALC{"$FORMATGMTIME(1041379200, $day $mon $year)"}% returns 01 Jan 2003
"$GET(name)" Get the value of a previously set variable. Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores). An empty string is returned if the variable does not exist. Use $SET() to set a variable first. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables. See also $SET(). Example: %CALC{"$GET(my_total)"}% returns the value of the my_total variable
"$IF(condition, value if true, value if 0)" Returns one value if a condition is met, and another value if not. The condition can be a number (where 0 means condition not met), or two numbers with a comparison operator < (less than), <= (less than or equal), == (equal), != (not equal), >= (greater than or equal), > (greater than). Examples:
%CALC{"$IF( $T(R1:C5) > 1000, Over Budget, OK)"}% returns Over Budget if value in R1:C5 is over 1000, OK if not
%CALC{"$IF( $EXACT($T(R1:C2),), empty, $T(R1:C2))"}% returns the content of R1:C2 or empty if empty
%CALC{"$SET(val, $IF( $T(R1:C2) == 0, zero, $T(R1:C2)))"}% sets a variable conditionally
"$INT(formula)" Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result down to the nearest integer. Example: %CALC{"$INT(10 / 4)"}% returns 2
"$LEFT()" The address range of cells to the left of the current cell
"$LENGTH(text)" The length in bytes of text. Example: %CALC{"$LENGTH(abcd)"}% returns 4
"$LIST(range)" Converts the content of a range of cells into a flat list, delimited by comma. Cells containing commas are merged into the list. Example: %CALC{"$LIST( $LEFT() )"}% returns Apples, Lemons, Oranges, Kiwis assuming the cells to the left contain | Apples | Lemons, Oranges | Kiwis |
"$LISTITEM(index, list)" Get one item of a list. Index is 1 to size of list; use a negative number to count from the end of the list. Examples:
%CALC{"$LISTITEM(2, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Orange
%CALC{"$LISTITEM(-1, Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Kiwi
"$LISTMAP(formula, list)" Evaluate and update each element of a list. In the formla, $item indicates the element, $index the index of the list starting at 1. Example: %CALC{"$LISTMAP($index: $EVAL(2 * $item), 3, 5, 7, 11)"}% returns 1: 6, 2: 10, 3: 14, 4: 22
"$LISTREVERSE(list)" The opposite order of a list. Example: %CALC{"$LISTREVERSE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Kiwi, Apple, Orange, Apple
"$LISTSIZE(list)" The number of elements in a list. Example: %CALC{"$LISTSIZE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns 4
"$LISTSORT(list)" Sorts a list in ASCII order, or numerically if all elements are numeric. Example: %CALC{"$LISTSORT(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Apple, Apple, Kiwi, Orange
"$LISTUNIQUE(list)" Removes all duplicates from a list. Example: %CALC{"$LISTUNIQUE(Apple, Orange, Apple, Kiwi)"}% returns Apple, Orange, Kiwi
"$LOWER(text)" The lower case string of a text. Example: %CALC{"$LOWER( $T(R1:C5) )"}% returns the lower case string of the text in cell R1:C5
"$MAX(list)" The biggest value of a list or range of cells. Example: To find the biggest number to the left of the current cell, write: %CALC{"$MAX( $LEFT() )"}%
"$MEDIAN(list)" The median of a list or range of cells. Example: %CALC{"$MEDIAN(3, 9, 4, 5)"}% returns 4.5
"$MIN(list)" The smallest value of a list or range of cells. Example: %CALC{"$MIN(15, 3, 28)"}% returns 3
"$MOD(num, divisor)" The reminder after dividing num by divisor. Example: %CALC{"$MOD(7, 3)"}% returns 1
"$NOP(text)" A no-operation. Allows one to defy the order of Plugin execution. For example, it will allow preprossing to be done before %SEARCH{}% is evaluated. Use $per to escape '%'.
"$NOT(num)" The reverse logic of a number. Returns 0 if num is not zero, 1 if zero. Example: %CALC{"$NOT(0)"}% returns 1
"$OR(list)" The logcial OR of a list. Example: %CALC{"$OR(1, 0, 1)"}% returns 1
"$PRODUCT(list)" The product of a list or range of cells. Example: to calculate the product of the cells to the left of the current one use %CALC{"$PRODUCT($LEFT())"}%
"$PROPER(text)" Capitalizes letters in text that follow any character other than a letter. Converts all other letters to lowercase letters. Examples:
%CALC{"PROPER(a small STEP)"}% returns A Small Step
%CALC{"PROPER(f1 (formula-1))"}% returns F1 (Formula 1)
"$PROPERSPACE(text)" Properly spaces out WikiWords preceeded by white space, parenthesis, or ][. Words listed in the DONTSPACE TWikiPreferences variable or DONTSPACE Plugins setting are excluded. Example, assuming DONTSPACE contains McIntosh: %CALC{"PROPERSPACE(Old MacDonald had a ServerFarm, EeEyeEeEyeOh"}% returns Old MacDonald had a Server Farm, Ee Eye Ee Eye Oh
"$RAND(max)" Random number, evenly distributed between 0 and max, or 0 and 1 if max is not specified.
"$REPEAT(text)" Repeat text a number of times. Example: %CALC{"$REPEAT(/\, 5)"}% returns /\/\/\/\/\
"$REPLACE(text, start_num, num_chars, new_text)" Replaces part of text string text, based on the starting position start_num, and the number of characters to replace num_chars. The characters are replaced with new_text. Starting position is 1; use a negative start_num to count from the end of the text. See also $SUBSTITUTE(), $TRANSLATE(). Example:
%CALC{"$REPLACE(abcdefghijk,6,5,*)"}% returns abcde*k
"$RIGHT()" The address range of cells to the right of the current cell
"$ROUND(formula, digits)" Evaluates a simple formula and rounds the result up or down to the number of digits if digits is positive; to the nearest integer if digits is missing; or to the left of the decimal point if digits is negative. Examples:
%CALC{"$ROUND(3.15, 1)"}% returns 3.2
%CALC{"$ROUND(3.149, 1)"}% returns 3.1
%CALC{"$ROUND(-2.475, 2)"}% returns -2.48
%CALC{"$ROUND(34.9, -1)"}% returns 30
"$ROW(offset)" The current row number with an offset. Example: To get the number of rows excluding table heading ( first row) and summary row (last row you are in), write: %CALC{"$ROW(-2)"}%
"$SEARCH(search_string, text, start_index)" Finds one text string search_string, within another text string text, and returns the number of the starting position of search_string, from the first character of text. This search a RegularExpression search; use $FIND() for non-regular expression searching. Starting position is 1; an empty string is returned if nothing is matched. Examples:
%CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy)"}% returns 3
%CALC{"$SEARCH([uy], fluffy, 3)"}% returns 6
%CALC{"$SEARCH([abc], fluffy,)"}% returns an empty string
"$SET(name, value)" Set a variable for later use. Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the value. The value may contain a formula; formulas are evaluated before the variable assignment. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Unlike table ranges, variables live for the time of the page view and persist across tables, i.e. you can use it to summarize results across several tables. See also $GET(). Example: %CALC{"$SET( my_total, $SUM($ABOVE()) )"}% sets the my_total variable to the sum of all table cells located above the current cell and returns an empty string
"$SETM(name, formula)" Updates an existing variable based on a formula. Specify the variable name (alphanumeric characters and underscores) and the formula. The formula must start with an operator to + (add), - (subtract), * (multiply), or / (divide) something to the variable. This function returns no output. Use $GET() to retrieve variables. Example: %CALC{"$SETM( total, + $SUM($LEFT()) )"}% adds the sum of all table cells on the left to the total variable, and returns an empty string
"$SIGN(num)" The sign of a number. Returns -1 if num is negative, 0 if zero, or 1 if positive. Example: %CALC{"$SIGN(-12.5)"}% returns -1
<